Apartheid The unbelievable crimes that have occurred in South Africa are horrific. The fight for freedom and democracy has cost many innocent lives and harm to almost all black South Africans. Apartheid was the policy of segregation or discrimination or ground of race. Even though the fight has come a long way it is not over yet. It all started in 1948, when the government of South Africa introduced new laws putting a fine line between black and white. The new laws that the government had set in place made lives for black people very difficult at the time. When this law was put in place, the differences between blacks and whites were very clear. Whites got preferential treatment, just for being white whereas blacks had to struggle with daily …show more content…
South Africa was divided into 13 nations; the whites, colored, Indians and 10 black African groups. Apartheid was put into place in order to stop contact of different nations to occur, because whenever these nations came into contact, there would be arguments and friction between the few. Apartheid was used to avoid contact between these races as much as possible to create a society without friction or war. These laws were created to ensure people of different groups did not associate with each other, share any public facilities or interact with one another in any way. This was to make sure there was to be no conflict of interest between any parties that come into …show more content…
This consisted of black students living in Soweto - a town that was hugely affected by apartheid, fighting for better education. These students believed that they were not getting the best education because of their skin color and decided to take a stance. They started strikes in schools, which took an affect on lessons, causing them to stop classes, and pupils also went on hunger strikes. This went on for a day or so before police started to fight back with brute force, releasing tear gas and bullets. The actions of the police cost the lives of over 600 innocent
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Race at that time, as it had been for a long time, determined many things about a person. Their rights, what they could or could not do, their social status, etc. People in the South still held onto those beliefs, and although it was legal for African Americans to be free, they were looked down upon, largely by the white Southerners. The white women were protected from the blacks, as they were viewed as brutal and dangerous, simply because people did not like them. It was not even considered that it could have been the white men, not the black men, that were vile and dangerous.
A freedmen is taking part in sharecropping as he gives most of the crops he produced to the land’s owner. He hopes for a better life, but he knows he will be forever indebted to the landowner. While some things changed for the better, the acceptance of African Americans was still scarce. During Reconstruction, the life of freedmen did change politically, but not socially or economically.
Created in 1839, baseball has become a very popular sport. Over its 178 years of cheering and enjoyment, there has been man trials and errors. One problem in this game was segregation. Segregation originates all the way back to 1619 when slavery started. At this time, many whites showed much hatred against blacks and they were separated.
Many government officials were involved in attempting to suppress the African American race. The African American race showed persistence and tenacity in fighting for their rights. Most African Americans in this timeframe were born in the United States therefore they should have been given the same rights. We cannot deny that rights and freedoms were given to African Americans that allowed them to stand up for their rights. Many changes did occur and laws passed as a result of this.
Their schools and buildings were severely underfunded and not properly maintained. Blacks could not socialize with white people in public or they risked being arrested. “A black male could not offer his hand (to shake hands) with a white male because it
The Jim Crow laws made it so that many black people became powerless as they couldn’t vote. They couldn’t vote because the lawmakers passed a law to make it so that people had to pay to vote. Because many black people at the time were poor many of them couldn’t pay this fee of voting and were left powerless when it came to political decisions. That is not the only way that the lawmakers made it so the blacks were powerless. They also made it so white and black people couldn’t be together in public so there had to be different railway cars, water fountains, stores, restaurants and pretty much their whole lives were apart.
No matter if you were a colored adult, teenager, or straight out your mother 's womb; if you were colored you weren 't equal in any means. During this time period ‘separate but equal’ was a doctrine thanks to the Plessy v. Ferguson ruling; meaning segregation was technically legal. According to the Plessy v. Ferguson ruling it was legal to segregate public areas but to the fourteenth amendment it was not legal to segregate schools, “Segregation of white and Negro children in the public schools of a State solely on the basis of race, pursuant to state laws permitting or requiring such segregation, denies to Negro children the equal protection of the laws guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment -- even though the physical facilities and other "tangible" factors of white and Negro schools may be equal” (The National Center for Public Policy Research 2). Everything was separate but certainly not equal, colored people weren’t allowed in certain stores, bathrooms, and even buses. If you were a person of color in this time not only did you have to worry about inequality but you also had an organization that would kill, hang, burn, and skin you.
The blacks did not receive the same luxuries as the whites did. For instance, the colored received less than stellar entertainment where as the whites were able to get anything they wanted, “There, instead of houses and trees, there were fishing wharves, boat docks, nightclubs, and restaurants for whites. There were one or two nightclubs for colored, but they were not very good” (Gaines 25). It was unjust to the blacks that they could not enjoy themselves as much as the whites because of their skin color.
They had to follow rules and behave in a manner that wouldn’t get them in trouble, but more specifically lynching. Owing to Johnson for making such an impact during this time era. Johnson joined the “staff of the interracial National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). He was a key figure, perhaps the key figure, in making the NAACP a truly national organization capable of mounting the attack that eventually led to the dismantling of the system of segregation by law” (James Weldon Johnson’s Life and Career). Its hard to imagine how African Americans felt living with this around them all the time, to know if a white person had something against you.
They were unable to do anything in society, all due to the color of their skin. In the 1900’s the Jim Crow Laws were established due to a corrupt government, unfair treatment to blacks, and the lack of motivation to protect blacks rights as citizens in America. Local governments disregarded the black’s rights that they had gained after being freed from slavery in 1863, causing
The blacks had the same rights as whites but they were not treated the same. A lot of time they really had no rights. The blacks basically stayed in their own community so they would not be bothered. Which leads us to the next topic Social Stratification.
It hurt their economy and many Africans suffered greatly. Imperialism also created a new racist system called Apartheid, which lasted for about 50 years. In the article, South Africa - The Story of Gold and Diamonds, it states, “In 1950, the Population Registration Act further divided the citizens of the country into “white” and “nonwhite” categories... The 1953 Education Act forced Africans out of white mission school and into state-run schools, where students were taught the significance of the ethnic differences separating the nonwhite communities. Other laws sought to limit contact between white and nonwhite communities by reserving employment for white workers and making provisions for separate public facilities for the different races” (Zrenda).
This was supposed to mark the end of slavery and the beginning of freedom for black people. In no way did this mean equality or even equity between black and white people would exist. The inequity between black and white people didn’t suddenly come to an abrupt ending. White people still had superiority over black people and the law was still in their favor. Not to mention, people were still extremely prejudice.
In Alan Paton’s Cry, the Beloved Country, we see how black communities were subjected to segregation, inequality, and a rising crime rate. A few of the most controversial laws that took place during the apartheid include; The Race Classification Act, The Mixed Marriages Act, and the Group Areas Act. The Race Classification Act divided all citizens into different racial classes, examples being White, Black and Indian… (Etc.). The Mixed Marriages Act prohibited marriage between those of different racial classes. And finally, the Group Areas Act appointed segregated areas for housing and services for each race.
Introduction Apartheid was an official barrier which separated the different races in South Africa, namely the black South Africans and the white Afrikaans South Africans. Although Apartheid ended 20 years ago when Nelson Mandela was elected president, Apartheid still plays a large role in South African History. Apartheid began long before it was officially named Apartheid in 1948 by the leading political party, National Party. The separation between the black and white people of South Africa began around the time Jan Van Riebeek arrived in the Cape in 1652. Since then the segregation escalated due to events which caused hatred between the two races.