First and foremost, rule of law is one of the branch of Constitutionalism. Rule of law encompasses the basic principles of equal treatment of all people before the law which guarantees basic human rights. ("The rule of law explained", 2018) The rule of law implies that the supremacy of law which includes all the laws must conform with a certain minimum of standards for an instance, protection of civil liberties. Professor A.V Dicey developed concept of rule of law that comprises three concepts of principles.
And so, any breach of law or misuse of power shall be dealt with according to the law provided and no individual shall be punished other than what the law says. The principle of the rule of law basically was meant to bring peace and stability by acting as a legal guide to individuals in a state. This in turn allows individuals to live however they want knowing that every misuse of power would be dealt with
Establishing government is one of the most important inventions develop human beings. As a system to control a state or community, government serves for citizens and put them first. In Homeric Age, the regime of Athens is citizens can go into politics directly, just like governor who wield the supreme power, this kind of regime called Direct Democracy. Be developed in ancient Greece, Direct Democracy helped ancient Greece make tons of achievements in different fields; also laid the fundamental of western political system of modern time. This essay will focus on the reasons of why government is necessary in our society and why Direct Democracy is not fit for modern United States of America, although brought a splendid time for ancient Greece.
(1) No party or candidate shall include in any activity which may aggravate existing differences or create mutual hatred or cause tension between different castes and communities, religious or linguistic. (2) Criticism of other political parties, when made, shall be confined to their policies and programme, past record and work. Parties and Candidates shall refrain from criticism of all aspects of private life, not connected with the public activities of the leaders or workers of other parties. Criticism of other parties or their workers based on unverified allegations or distortion shall be avoided. (3) There shall be no appeal to caste or communal feelings for securing votes.
Representative Democracy Defined Representative democracy is similar to democracy however, it allows elected citizens to represent others in a government process. It provides governance through freedom and equality through consensus among the people.
“Nothing is more surprising than the easiness with which the many are governed by the few.” - David Hume An agreement by all people represents consent, unity and tends to signify order within a society. The notion that unanimity is necessary in order for a democratic decision to be fully justified can be seen as a morally ideal concept within political thought. When one defines democracy as being a political system that is of the people, by the people and for the people, the assent of the entire populace is portrayed as being essential for ensuring that democratic decisions are justified.
Absolutism and Democracy are just two of the many forms of government. Absolutism is also known as an absolute monarch, this is when a ruler has complete authority over the government and the lives of the people. Democracy is also known as a democratic government, this is a system of government in which the people hold ruling power. These forms of government are both very effective; however, I believe that a democracy was the most effective during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Voltaire, John Locke in Two Treatises on Government, and Montesquieu in The Spirit of the Laws are some of the supporters of a democratic government.
Constitutional Provisions: Constitution is fundamental law of a nation. It links people, government, territory, sovereignty and international recognition. Modern constitutionalism emphasis written constitution with check and balance, democratic rights, protection of human rights, timely election, people’s sovereignty. Nepal and Korea both counties are based on liberal democratic political exercise. In the liberal democratic system government is considered to be responsible towards people.
The Magna Carta has influenced countries world wide, including Australia and our Australian Constitution. The Magna Carta today is the fundamental basis of our rights. Nobody, no matter their race, religion, gender, or rank in society is above the law, everyone will receive the same punishment in regards to any crime made. Today Victoria, Queensland, New South Wales, and the Australian Capital Territory is legislated to take in chapter 29 of the Magna Carta. Whereas, Western Australia, South Australia, Tasmania and the Northern Territory all use the remaining 3 clauses within the Magna Carta (What is the Magna Carta? - THE MAGNA CARTA COMMITTEE, no date).
Democracy is a form of government in which power lies with the people. This means that the people of the said community can either rule directly or indirectly by electing officials to make decisions for the betterment of the people. Democracy is an aspect that can be included in many different governments including, republics, monarchies, and theocracies. In America today, democracy is something we take pride in. This form of government had to start somewhere, however, and ideas of democracy can be shown in many early documents written by some of the first peoples to colonize the Americas.