Sex is a physical classification of men and women by their different natural and biological attributes (chromosomes, sex organs, chromosomes. etc. )(Arber, S and Thomas, 2001:18).In contrast to sex, gender refers to the experience of masculinity and femininity, which relates to the societal norms and roles put in place for men and women. Gender entails the social roles learned by males and females through socialization, linked with culture to understand the different behaviors and social roles expected of men and women, despite biological differences (Vcampus.uom.ac.mu, 2015)(Nobelius, 2004). Owing to the fact that gender is a social construction, ideas of gender change across time and differ within cultures, for example: the ideas of being a man in all cultures and not the same.
Goffman suggest that ads reflect who a person is. Each person is different from the people in media, but it can represent it to some extent as Goffman suggest. This could make a difference in society by creating preconceptions of the self in gender display. If one were to consider Goffman’s conclusion seriously, a person would reflect upon their sense of self, and realize the medias ideas on gender. But on the other hand, body language might not represent gender display, but just a way society placing meaning on it.
In Igbo society, these roles are defined by both their culture and beliefs. Many aspects of their lives have men as the prominent heads of their households, but women also have some importance in many of the concepts. In the novel Things Fall Apart, Chinua Achebe presents the idea of how Igbo culture and religion define the roles for each gender and examines how unequal roles in society can lead to conflicts between each gender in order to illustrate how they can lead to permanently damaged relationships. The main driving forces behind gender role beliefs in Things Fall Apart are a result of the ideologies set by the Ibo people. Their culture dictated men as stronger people who did more work, while women were dictated as individuals who were weak and inferior because they did household activities.
Society has identify an image into the understanding of people of how the role/ job of each gender should be presented as. The two recognized types of gender are a man and a woman, although there are numerous types of gender roles a man or a woman must play to be accepted by the society. The way one should behave and act are mostly attributed to by their gender according to the society. Many people think of gender as the physical features of a woman and a man, but it is not just about the physical features it’s beyond that. Children learn from their society and their parents the idea of being masculine and feminine, even though these concept is not biological but cultural.
The Final statement analysed was that "organizations are gendered in that they are symbolically and ideologically described and conceived in terms of a discourse that draws on hegemonically defined masculinities" (Britton,p.420). This statement says that in order to succeed, you must have masculine traits, like assertiveness, independence, competitiveness, and thick-skinned personalities. Bosses do not want to have feminine traits that they might associate as weak, gentleness, and dependent on others for power positions in the
the role of social context in this analysis. It show the various form of communication which shows the culture element such as race, identity and gender. It explain that the terms and how you speak is being used depending on the gender. Womans and mens defienalty has their style of communication in their own ways. The main logical directions explain different type in language that used depending on the gender of the users like the lack of women’s language when compared to men’s language, the idea of men’s over powering women and the difference between women’s and men’s ways of socializing
A. Gender typing in early childhood is how people think each sex should act. Through cultural stereotypes and norms, children begin to associate different characteristics and activities with one sex or the other. As soon as children begin to understand gender categories they start to assign objects, roles, and traits towards a particular sex. Girls play with dolls and make-up and tend to spend more time with art or playing house, while boys have trucks, fake guns, or racecars and they want to play rough outside with other boys.
Gender schema theory in simple terms is concerned with children and how they learn what it is to be female and male. This is achieved through observation, processing of new information and the retrieval of information stored in cognitive structures. This process begins in early childhood and the culture in which the child inhabits will determine the behavioural and emotional roles that are considered appropriate for women and men. Gender polarisation is a concept by Sandra Bem that postulates, characteristics of femininity and masculinity are mutually exclusive for example the behaviours and attitudes of men are seen as inappropriate for women. Conversely the behaviours and attitudes of women are seen as inappropriate to men.
This theory is an embodiment of domestic violence as it establishes the inequality amongst the different genders, by allowing the male to perform his dominance, causing the female to feel inferior to this. Domestic violence is a representation of Judith Butler’s ‘Gender as a Performance’ theory because it embodies the structured power relation amongst genders and how this power influences both individuals involved. The act of domestic violence in heterosexual relationships adversely enforces the identities in which males and females categorize themselves into, based on their gender performance. Domestic violence can be defined as a series of behaviours which are used to assert control over a partner in an intimate relationship (McFeely, Lombard, Burman, Whiting, & McGowan, 2013). Domestic violence is a universally known phenomenon that impacts
Sex role theory Sex or gender role differentiation is a characteristic feature of a patriarchal society. Men and women act out gender according to defined and ordered role expectations (Coontz and Henderson, 1987; Parsons & Bales, 1955; Rosaldo, 1974). Norms of sex roles dictate that men specialize in production and creation of cultural values and artifacts in the ‘public sphere’ whereas women are assigned roles of procreation, care, and maintenance in the ‘domestic sphere’ (Coontz and Henderson, 1987; Parsons & Bales, 1955; Rosaldo, 1974). According to Parsons and Bales (1955), child bearing and nursing is the rationale behind the assignment of home-bound roles to women/mothers while men are assigned the instrumental roles of cultural expression