Slavery was a controversial topic among the U.S. citizens during this era. In the election, Lincoln did not win a single southern state vote, because of his reputation as being moderate on the slavery question. Although Lincoln initially arranged to abolish slavery in the south, he decided that he would control it in the south and refrain from allowing it to spread throughout the western territories. Lincoln contemplated war if slavery distributed into the western territories from the southern states. Since slavery already existed in the south, he did not have the motive to withdraw it because of the success it brought to the economy.
The civil war, which started in 1861, was the turning point in American history. Similar to the American Revolution, less than 100 years prior, the civil war brought upon a change that would ultimately shape the nation. Although many issues played a role in the division of the nation, slavery became the pioneer. As a result of the northern state being victorious in this war, slavery was now abolished. Slavery being abolished then left many questions that would have to be addressed during the reconstruction of the union.
In April of 1861, the first month of the civil war, Alfred M. Green gave a speech to encourage his fellow African Americans to “prepare to enlist” and fight for the north. The north was fighting to preserve the Union and end slavery while the opposing side, the south, fought to defend slavery. Although they could not fight in the war, and did not want to, he felt that African Americans should “strive to be admitted to the ranks.” In his speech, Green uses many different methods to persuade them to join the Union forces. Green starts his speech by mentioning the belief that most American citizens share, which is true patriotism. In the speech, he states, “My country, right or wrong, I love thee still,” which is where he first brings up patriotism because you must have that belief that to be a true patriot.
Harriet Tubman, a famous abolitionist, once said “I rescued a thousand slaves and I could have rescued a thousand more if only they knew they were slaves”. Many slaves of the 19th century were not able to read or write, and were completely oblivious to natural rights and other political situations happening around them. Alfred M. Green gave a speech in April of 1861 to recruit African American slaves to the army to fight for their freedom. In Green’s speech, he acknowledges the misery African Americans have already been through, points out the flaws in the enemy (the South); and motivates them to participate by using hortatory subjunctives, metaphors, irony, and other rhetorical strategies. Throughout the first part of his speech, Alfred Green places emphasis on the hardships that African Americans have already gone through for their country.
"I am willing to take chances of…disunion, sooner than submit any longer to Northern insolence and Northern outrage." (Document I). 618,000 people died during the Civil War. Economic differences between the North and the South,interpretations of the Constitution, the thought of slavery was morally wrong what caused the Civil War . The states were suppose to create a union but ended up not happening.
Overall, during the transportation revolution, construction of turnpikes, roads, canals, and railroads led to the market economy expansion, an increased population in America and alternations of the physical landscape of America. As American factories and farms started to produce more goods businessmen and legislators began to create a faster and cheaper way to get goods distributed to consumers. Around 1820, Americans began to build canals and steamboats, railroad, and extend roads linking the Atlantic Coast with new states in the Trans Appalachian west. Canals and Steamboats shrunk the distance of carrying goods from one place to another and could haul the most cargo for transportation. A well-known waterway called the Erie Canal connected the Great Lakes region to the Atlantic Ocean and cost 7 million dollars.
Dred Scott is what caused the Civil War, which Abraham Lincoln was President of the northern states. The northern states did not want slavery and the Southern states did. Due to the civil War there was hundreds of thousands wounded fighting for what they believed. That issue caused a divide that still affects the country till this day. The 13th amendment freed the black slaves, but did not give them citizenship.
He appointed a cabinet composed of Northerners and Southerners and hoped to keep peace between the country’s pro-slavery and anti-slavery people, but it created lots of tension. People were accusing James of being biased to the southern colony interests and slavery issue. Two days after being in office, the U.S. Supreme Court gave a document that stated, “The federal government had no power to regulate slavery in the territories and denied African Americans the rights of U.S. citizens.” He hoped that the document would resolve the slavery issue, but he, “reportedly pressured a Northern justice to vote with the Southern majority in the case.” Then, the southerners were contempt, but the northerners were protesting, which led to diversity. Each had complete different opinions, and it was just getting everybody upset. Buchanan made the Northerners even more angry by supporting the Lecompton Constitution, which would have allowed Kansas to become a slave state, but it was voted down and Kansas became a part of the Union.
Lincoln, a person who just wanted to end slavery. Ever since Abraham Lincoln was a teenager he thought slavery was wrong. He became a lawyer to help out with slavery issues.Lincoln said, “ I have always hated it but I have always been quiet about it until this new era of the introduction of the Nebraska Bill began.” That is when Lincoln got into politics and became president. So he could stop slavery for good (Hopkins). Abraham Lincoln was a teenage assistant in Bloomington, a law office.
Eventually Benjamin Franklin himself began to not support slavery. He supported a petition written by the Pennsylvania Abolition Society that acknowledged the Atlantic Slave Trade and slavery as “immoral”. James Madison formed committees to decide the elimination of slavery, which inspired representatives of the House to express how they felt. James Jackson strongly supported slavery and used the bible to justify it. He believed the success of the South depended on it.
His plan also required that Southern states outlaw slavery before they could rejoin the Union as well as ratify the Thirteenth Amendment. The Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery from the United States. Although Johnson opposed slavery, he did not support equal rights for African-Americans. "White men alone must manage the South," he stated. President Johnson 's plan was mostly successful because all former Confederate states except Texas had set up new governments because of his plan by the end of 1865.
Although Lincoln concentrated on his plans for Reconstruction, he didn 't apply much diligence towards the Southern properties that were lost due to technical tax evasion. Abraham Lincoln 's plan proposed land be given to Emancipation accepting "rebels", but Confederate officers and people highly involved in their government, would be closed out from this proposition. Lincoln also granted that if ten percent of the state 's majority (of those who could vote), they 'd be allowed to make a new government. This last proposition caused the North anxiety for it could allow the South to receive unneeded power, causing the original split between the regions once again.
South Carolina was the first southern state to secede from the Union and several others began to follow. The states wanted to maintain their right to own slaves and they did not want to continue to live where that was not possible. These states were dependent upon slavery in order for their cotton production to be a success. The southern states that had left the Union established the Confederate States of America on February 7,1861 and they elected Jefferson Davis as their first President. There were many attempts by Lincoln to avoid a war and to reconcile with the Confederacy, however, none of them proved
To do this, they sent troops into the South, which they were not very pleased with. During Reconstruction, freed slaves still did not have the same opportunities that white people did. The Civil rights laws were made to protect former slaves and make sure everyone is equal, but still, the South cannot agree and continues to make life nearly just as bad as it had been before the war. In the document written by a former slave, he expresses how poorly they have been treated. When Lincoln was president, Reconstruction ran alot smoother.
The Missouri Compromise was made as an attempt to deal with the debate that had been going on about slavery. It lasted thirty-four years, but never truly made the North orouth totally happy with the situation. Although the Missouri Compromise did push back the debate on slavery in Missouri, it did not solve the problem as a whole. The tension between the North and South was, in fact reduced for a period of time. Once the Missouri Compromise was declared unconstitutional, the tension once again grew.