Ringworm (Tinea) The disease is primarily known as Ringworm but it can also identified as Tinea or Dermatophytosis. Ringworm can spread by coming in contact with people who already have Ringworm or even animals. It is also spread through sharing dirty items such as combs, towels etc. It could also be developed if you come in contact with any of the fungi which are trichophyton, microsporum and epidermophyton they normally live as spores in soil.
Scabies Scabies are a contagious skin disease caused by a tiny insect measuring 0.3 mm long. The tiny insect is referred yo as the “itch mite” or “Sarcoptes scabiei”. If a person comes in contact with a female mite, the mite will burrow under the skin and lay eggs along the line of its burrow. People all over the world can and have been affected by scabies for as long as 2,500 years.
The molluscum contagiosum virus is characterized by lesions on the skin. These uncomfortable growths are small, raised bumps with a pearly appearance and smooth, firm texture. The lesions are usually itchy, sore, red, and swollen. The smallest growth can be the size of a pin head while the largest growth can be the size of a pencil eraser. These bumps can appear anywhere on the body, though it is unusual to find it on the soles of the feet or the hands.
Trichinosis is an infection caused by the roundworm Trichinella spiralis or another Trichinella roundworm. These worm's usually enter the body when the host consumes raw or undercooked meat. This particular infection is not necessarily contagious, unless the infected muscle tissue is eaten. In humans, the larvae are ingested (taken in) and are released from a cyst by stomach acid which then grow and develop into female and male worm's. After the male and female mate, the larvae are then released into the bloodstream and distribute to the skeletal muscle cells.
Tapeworms Four different species of tapeworms (cestodes) cause almost all human infections that are limited to the inside of the intestines or bowels. Their scientific names are: Diphyllobothrium latum (fish tapeworm). Taenia saginata (beef tapeworm). Taenia solium (pork tapeworm). Hymenolepis nana (dwarf tapeworm).
This is going to be done through avoiding some of the contaminated areas in most homesteads. This helps in reducing the risk which is associated with roundworms in the body. Wearing clothes which are protective is another measure which is used in the prevention of the roundworms in the body (Shah, 2017). According to nurses, this is a good way of avoiding the roundworms from getting in contact with the skin where they can find their way in very easily. Also, using the insect repellent sprays can also be a good way of avoiding the roundworms in the body.
Morgellons Disease is an uncommon skin disorder. There are sores on the skin with crawling sensations of the skin and fiber-like filaments coming from the sores. Some have rashes, severe fatigue, difficulty concentrating and short term memory loss. (MC) The CDC claim they did not find a single underlying medical condition or infectious source.
This fungus is also relatively common in dry areas in Mexico, Central America, and the northern countries of South America. The fungus is usually inhaled following a disturbance of contaminated soil by: • Activities that involve digging in the soil, such as building or remodeling projects. • Dust storms and windstorms.
Necrotizing Fasciitis also known as flesh eating bacterial infection is a rapidly progressing fleshing eating disease which destroy muscle, fat and skin tissue. Flesh eating bacteria release toxin and destroy the surrounded tissue. This infection occurs in people with compromised immune system. The bacterias that caused this infection are Streptococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Vibrio vulnificus, Clostridium perfringens, Bacteroides fragilis, Aeromonas hydrophila. The infection usually begins locally by a trauma that allows the bacteria to enter the body.
Signs and Symptoms SJS is characterized by round, red papules that resemble insect bites. Within a short amount of time, these lesions change into varying sizes and patterns. They may become red with white centers that have papules on the center. This gives them a target-like appearance. Although they can be seen on any body surface area, they are usually seen on the face and trunk.
The rash first appears on the wrist and the ankles then spreads in either directions up or down the legs and arms. Other symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain that mimics appendicitis, deep muscle pain, lack of appetite, or red eyes. RMSF is transmitted to humans by a bite of a tick infected with the disease. When an infected tick bites and attaches itself to a human host for at least six to ten hours, transmission of the bacteria may occur. Destroying a tick with your fingers may also transmit the bacteria.
It looks unsightly, frustrating, and disgusting. A fungus can latch itself into the cracks of your toenails where it can grow and eat up the nutrients in your toenails. If untreated, the condition may become painful. The surrounding area of the infected nail can swell and give off a foul odor.
As the rash spreads, it can cause blistering of all (Simmons 2007). The mucosa membranes will be affected in the following ways: The eyes will become red, sticky, and soar causing conjunctivitis, The mouth and lips will become red and clustered and the mouth will begin to get ulcers, esophagus will swell which would cause difficulty eating, The upper respiratory track will start closing up due to all the swelling causing and respiratory distress, The genital and urinary track will also gain ulcers, and the GI track will be affected causing severe diarrhea These signs and symptoms are very painful not only the lesions and blistering are occurring on the external part of the body but also in the interior part of the body. Due to these signs and symptoms a patient will become extremely anxious and will feel extreme pain and because of the pain patients will be in a induce coma. The skin and mucosal membranes are the part of the body that gets affected the most but other organs may be affected including liver,