John Lewis made a lot of change for equality for people of color. He made sure they had a voice and used his platform to do so. Lewis had a lot of power in the government and used that as a way to get his point across. Lewis worked and worked to get civil rights and voting rights for black people. John Lewis had many ways to work for change; he protested non-violently and peacefully.
The Civil Rights Movement, which took place from 1945-1966, was African Americans’ attempts to secure equality and rights similar to whites in the United States. World War II had set a foundation for the ensuing struggle of African Americans, springing a mass migration to the North, while the South kept segregation and unequal rights as their normal policy. Laws and customs kept blacks as second-class citizens with no real political rights. Previously, African Americans sat back and survived, but soon they would begin to stand up for themselves and their situation. One of the most efficient ways to aid their Civil Rights Movement would be to gain help and support from the President.
“Letter from a Birmingham Jail” was written during a time period of social change in America. Not only were neighborhoods, businesses, and schools almost totally segregated, but also Black Americans suffered humiliation, insult, embarrassment, and discrimination daily by whites. The oppression of Black Americans prompted King to write a letter that tries to appeal to the white moderates in hopes of receiving support and involvement for the movement. The letter effectively argues that his actions are justified and are timely by using rhetoric like pathos, ethos, and logos. The use of rhetoric allows for
The Fifteenth Amendment granted African-American males the right to vote in the late 1800s. However, through the use of poll taxes, literacy tests and other means, southern states were able to effectively discourage African-Americans. It was not till 1965, almost a century later, that the Voting Rights Act was passed by Congress and signed by President Lyndon Baines Johnson; enforcing the Fifteenth Amendment. But acquiring the Voting Rights Act of 1965 was an enduring task for African-American citizens and supporters. A perfect example is “Bloody Sunday”, where a group of activist, in their attempt to march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama protesting for the rights of voters, were beaten and left for dead of the Edmund Pettus Bridge in Selma, Alabama.
He used Logos and Pathos by telling facts about racist voting restrictions and then phrased it in a way to make the crowd give sympathy. An example of him using logos and pathos is when he said: “Yet the harsh fact is that in many places of this country men and women are kept from voting simply because they are Negroes.” He said this right after he said “Every American citizen must have an equal right to vote.” these two lines shock the audience. These two joined together, is the perfect strategy because when Lyndon Johnson stated what should be and what everyone believed, and then said what the harsh reality was in a negative way, it literally changed the perspective of many Members of congress and many other viewers. Lyndon Johnson’s mix of Pathos and Logos helped convinced the crowd into helping him abolish racist voting restrictions. In the speech “We shall overcome,” Lyndon Baines Johnson used Logos and Pathos to convince the crowd, and backed it up with a strong, determined tone.
When Martin Luther protested an fought for the right of the colored people he did in a nonviolent way but the rulers did not use the same method. According to the article Selma to Montgomery March “The marchers didn’t get far before Alabama state troopers wielding whips, nightsticks and tear gas rushed the group at the Edmund Pettis Bridge and beat them back to Selma.” The ruled risk getting punished harshly but that doesn’t take away their responsibility. It is the citizens duty to create a safe and equal environment for everyone. “You are our sovereign, our Government, only so long as we consider ourselves your subjects” (pg.176). Citizens can’t be managed by the rulers in everything they do.
In the late 19th century, state and local governments imposed restrictions on voting qualifications which left the African community economically and politically powerless and passed segregation laws, known as Jim Crow laws. Therefore the movement focused on three main areas of discrimination to address, racial segregation, education, and voting rights. Racial segregation is the separation of humans into ethnic groups. Segregation affected many African-Americans day-to-day life, forcing them to go to separate restaurants, water fountains, public toilets, schools, and even making them ride the back of the bus. In 1955 African-Americans in Montgomery, Alabama formed a boycott in protest of the segregated seating on the city buses, In response to Rosa Parks, an African-American woman, getting arrested for refusing
Most of black people of Maycomb in the 1930swere terrorized of committing some crime because they could be lynched for a crime they did not commit or do. One example of the book in chapter 18 was the start of the trial of Tom Robinson who was accused of rape and was in fear of being lynched for a crime he did not do. The main meaning of to Kill a Mocking Bird is to show how black people were being thought of as non-human simply because of their skin color. Tom Robinson’s trial began at chapter 18 and he feared of being lynched. He was accused by Bob Ewell because his daughter told him the Tom Robinson was the one who raped her.
“The life of a Negro in Mississippi is not worth a whistle.” In the South marriage between a black person and a white person was not only looked down upon but it was illegal. This is why when Roy, the husband of Caroline, heard from his wife that she had been whistled at he was outraged. Racism in the South was so strong that a black man could be murdered for whistling. Emmett living in the North gave him a whole different outlook on racism. The Jim Crow laws in the South made marriage between different races illegal, but in the North interracial relationships were much more accepted.
Birmingham, Alabama was the most racist city in the United States at the time. Bull Connor, commissioner of Public Safety in Birmingham, believed that Blacks and White should stay separated. Because of this, the police and FBI did not protect the riders when they arrived. The riders were attacked, beaten, and called racial slurs by the locals and KKK members. Freedom riders from Nashville also came down to Birmingham but were arrested upon arrival for their own safety, however they were taken
Having this bill signed and passed was very significant for America, for it was the first step towards ending segregation as a whole. President Johnson starts off his speech by referencing the American Revolution and then goes on to state that even though we have our freedom now, many are still denied that freedom. “We believe that all men are
He was the vice president elected in 1952 and 1956 under Eisenhower. He ran against Humphrey and Wallace and 1968, and he caught the attention of the white southerners for the Republicans in the middle class. The Great Society attained its high point during the Nixon administration. However, American politics included an increase of conservatism at that time. In conjunction with the actions made around that time, the American Indian Movement was a Native American organization founded in 1968 to protest government policies and injustices Native Americans suffered.
The boycott was the first large-scale demonstration against segregation in the U.S. that started four days after the arrest of Rosa Parks and lasted until U.S. Supreme Court ultimately ordered Montgomery to integrate its bus system. This victory also helped to propel Martin Luther King Jr to the forefront of the movement. The third significant victory came with the Voter’s Right Act. Signed into law on August 6th, 1965, this act sought to ban the tactics used by Southern voter registration boards. These discriminatory practices included used poll taxes, literacy tests, and other barriers to deny African Americans their legal rights.