Essay On Shotcrete

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To give a clear understanding of different possible construction material that can be used on constructing a shopping mall to the Client; specifically on different aspects of concrete.
1 Introduction:
Concrete constitute of aggregates (stones), sand, cement and water. Concrete is the most widely used construction material in the world. It is used in many different structures such as dam, pavement (rigid), building frame or bridge. The strength of concrete varies according to the proportions of its constituents. Concrete gains its strength over time as it hardens by means of setting, where by cement undergoes a chemical reaction known as hydration. It can set and harden underwater hence it can be used as foundation material. Its hardening process can be enhanced by curing.

Due to its workability it can be formed into different
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Shotcrete is one of the concrete that are more flexible and it has high strength, durability, low permeability, excellent bond and limitless shape possibilities. These properties allow shotcrete to be used in most cases as a structural material, for instance in complex shaped structures that have placing in difficult conditions areas. Shotcrete undergoes a unique method of placement and compaction simultaneously due to the force at which it is projected from the nozzle of the hose pipe. It can be press tightly together (embedded) onto any type or shape of surface, including vertical or overhead areas. Shotcrete can be significantly used in almost any concrete project and in a characteristic manner that results in a significant savings of time and money (this makes it economical). This type of concrete has got limitless applications which include the following listed below but not limited

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