Essay Outline The Social Model Of Dementia

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The term ‘dementia’ is an umbrella term for a range of progressive conditions that affect the brain. Doctors typically use the word ‘dementia’ to describe the common symptoms such as memory loss, confusion and problems with speech and understanding. Each type of dementia stops an individual’s brain cells working in specific areas, namely their ability to speak and remember things. 1.2 -Describe key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia The brain is made up of four lobes, namely frontal, temporal, parietal and occipital, all of which have different functions. Depending on which part is damaged by dementia there are different signs and symptoms. For example the frontal lobe controls emotional expression, personality, language, …show more content…

2.2 -Outline the social model of dementia The social model of dementia is a way of caring for and treating an individual living with dementia by seeing them as a person, understanding their background and history and focusing on what they are still able to do and not just their disabilities. 2.3 -Explain why dementia should be viewed as a disability Dementia should be viewed as a disability as it impacts on an individual’s ability to function normally, for example in making decisions about their everyday life. The lack of mental capacity recognises the need for support and safeguarding. Know types of dementia and their causes 3.1 -Outline causes of dementia There are different types of dementia. Alzheimer’s disease causes changes in the chemistry and structure of the brain resulting in death of brain cells. Lewy body dementia causes the degeneration of brain tissue inside the nerve cells. Vascular dementia is the result of a stroke or a series of small strokes and Frontotemporal dementia is an accumulation of proteins in the brain. 3.2 -Describe signs and symptoms of

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