In the 1960s, there was a push in America to legalize abortion. The abortion debate is still alive and well in 2023, despite the world being very different from the past. For instance, the 1973 Roe v. Wade court case's abortion rights were recently reversed by the Supreme Court. The court case gave pregnant women the freedom to decide what to do with their own bodies thanks to a legal victory. Abortion acceptance has altered significantly over the years compared to the 1960s, but it has undoubtedly not been resolved. As a result, numerous studies have been done to support both sides of the debate in clinical, moral, and ethical standpoints. Given that science can be proven, morality and ethics are subjective to the individual. Both pro-life …show more content…
The abstract, “The Ethical Dilemma of Abortion” by Christina M. Robinson, explains many principles and gives examples of this topic in the real world. As an illustration, consider the Nuremberg Code, a set of ethical research guidelines for using human subjects developed by the court in U.S. v. Brandt, one of the Nuremberg trials that followed the Second World War. For example, Robinson states, “These stringent fetal research regulations were designed to protect fetuses from presumably uncaring pregnant women, especially those who were contemplating abortion, and overzealous researchers. In the absence of the subject’s ability to give informed consent and protect his own 3 interests, fetal research regulations were designed to protect the subject’s welfare along the lines of the Nuremberg Code” (Robinson,2021, pg. 8). The argument against abortion, or the pro-life position, is founded on three principles: The Human Rights Principles, the Mens Rea Principle, and the Harm Principle. e. “The Mens Rea Principle states that “the intentions of the agent should be given weight.” Thus, this principle is violated by abortion as the agent intentionally killed another, as the pregnancy is terminated deliberately and knowingly… Furthermore, the Harm Principle, which prescribes, as a norm, that “you should not inflict …show more content…
The articles, “Ethics and Abortion” by Michael W. Austin Ph.D. and “Abortion” by MU School of Medicine, both discuss the morality of abortion. As his moral justification for abortion, Dr. Austin uses the concept of "personhood." He states, “Personhood refers to the moral status of an entity. If an entity is a person, in this sense, it has full moral status. A person, then, has rights, and we have obligations to that person. This includes the right to life. Both arguments I summarize here focus on the question of whether a fetus is a person, or whether it is the type of entity that has the right to life” (Austin, 2019, p.3). Dr. Austin argues that abortion would be unethical considering this concept of personhood. Whether or not the fetus is regarded as a person or other thing with a right to life is a contentious issue. The mentality of pro-life and pro-choice activists greatly diverge, and this question plays a significant role in that. Killing someone is morally terrible, of course, but is the fetus really a person or an entity? “Moral status alone might not determine whether abortion is morally permissible, 4 though, for some thinkers believe other factors might override the moral status of the fetus” (MU School of Medicine, 2020, p. 13). The article suggests that there are elements that could trump the morality of the fetus, allowing abortion. Such
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The Roe v Wade case () created the U.S. law today that was the turn around to women’s reproductive rights. This case “Court also concluded that a fetus is not a person for purposes of the Constitution and therefore does not have a constitutional right to life”. This is one of the biggest debates still happening today. This case led to the pro-choice and pro-life groups. Both of these sides argue whether or whether not the fetus is a person on not when it comes to aborting a child.
For the past forty years, abortion has been a topic of great discussion in the subjects of ethics, politics, and law. This is largely attributed to the landmark decision made by the supreme court in the famous Roe v. Wade case where it was decided that women have the constitutional right to an abortion during the first two trimesters of pregnancy provided it follows the regulations put in place by the state. This case has been contentious since the court passed down its decision in 1973. The deep political divisions that the case created reflect not only conflicting social and moral views, but conflicting views of law as well. Supporters of the decision believe a woman 's right to choose whether to have an abortion or not is a fundamental right,
Within the recent events of the overturning of Roe V Wade the opinions on abortion have been at the forefront of political conversations. Especially among the people who are pro-life and pro-choice. Pro-life believes that an unborn fetus is a life and killing it is killing a person, meanwhile pro-choice is the belief that someone who is carrying the fetus has the right to choose whether they keep it or not. The article “3 Compelling Reasons I am Pro-life” by Tim Counts on the website erlc is about the reasoning behind this man’s point of view. The article uses three points religion, science, and “human flourishing and love”.
A pressing women’s right issue that has divided the nation for the last 40 years is Abortion. It’s a procedure in which a woman medically terminates her pregnancy, this option to terminate a pregnancy has come under great fire due to moral permissibility and ethical concern. The right to abortion was granted on a constitutional basis under the landmark decision by the supreme court case, “Roe Vs. Wade” but has been attacked and attempted to be dismantled by sweltering opposition by several special-interests groups.
However, on the other hand, Bonnie Steinbock in her article “Most Abortions Are Morally Legitimate”, she says that abortions and morally acceptable because fetuses are not living beings, hence they are unconscious and don’t have any moral status because they are unaware about their interests and doesn’t feel pain or anything. She says fetuses does not have any human being rights and it depends on the mother what she wants for her body and she has all the rights to decide whether she wants to be pregnant or not because she is a living being.
Abortion has been a controversial charged topic that encompasses complex ethical, moral, legal, and even religious dimensions. The debate surrounding abortion largely revolves around two opposing positions: pro-choice and pro-life. Proponents of the pro-choice stance argue that the decision regarding pregnancy should rest with the woman who is carrying the baby, emphasizing the importance of women's reproductive rights and bodily autonomy. On the other hand, advocates of the pro-life perspective prioritize the inherent value and right to life of the unborn fetus, advocating for its protection and preservation. Given the diverse and often conflicting opinions on this matter, the question of whether a pregnancy should be dependent on the choice
The Abortion Controversy in America Abortion is the ending of pregnancy before birth. The issue of abortion is present in many major political debates and in nearly every American election, whether local, state, or national. Therefore, the government must remain involved in this hot topic because it is impossible to ignore. Even though abortion is currently legal in the United States, an abortion being each person’s individual choice fails to protect the unborn’s own rights and potential life once born. Each person should enjoy freedom and liberty, but not passed the point when that liberty affects the liberty of another person, including the unborn.
Pick a crowd, any crowd and one is bound to find it divided when it comes to the subject of abortion. Defined as the voluntary termination of a pregnancy, abortion is one of the most controversial and polarizing topics which is currently dominating the news cycle. Each side has its reasons and is very passionate about where its stand. On one hand, there is the extremely conservative pro-life side which believes that life is sacred and that abortion is not morally permissible under any circumstances. On the other hand, there is the liberal pro-choice side which opposes any interference with a woman’s right to choose.
The simple dictionary definition of abortion is: the termination of a pregnancy by removing an embryo or fetus from the womb. However, the debate involving abortion is anything but simple. For decades this topic has been heatedly debated to no avail. In the 1970s, the landmark case Roe v. Wade determined that state laws banning abortions (in a woman’s first trimester of pregnancy) is unconstitutional. However, this case did not settle anything; in fact it intensified the fight between the “pro- life” and “pro- choice” advocates.
Abortion remains one of the most divisive and emotionally charged issues in modern society, as it often involves deeply rooted religious, moral, and political beliefs. The debate around abortion tends to focus on questions such as when life begins, the moral standing of the fetus, and women's rights to make choices about their own bodies. Despite the complexity of this issue, it's essential to engage in open and respectful conversations to foster understanding and encourage critical thinking. The aim of this paper is to offer a well-thought-out argument supporting the ethical permissibility of abortion.
People need to be ethical and think about the truth of what a fetus is and the problems that having an abortion can cause. The fetus should have a right to life no matter what. According to research, the fetus has a right to life because it is always considered human. If the study's findings are accurate and the fetus is a living creature, then having an abortion would be killing it and should be considered murder. Pro-choice women think the fetus has no meaning.
Pro-choice advocates have phrased their counterargument this way, “A fetus is not yet a human being. It is nothing but a clump of cells with the potential to become a human being. It is ‘alive’ but that is also true of all the other cells in a woman’s body. It has no life of its own yet. It is not yet a separate life from the life of the woman in whose uterus it is.”
The reasons for this position can be best understood by examining the arguments most regularly heard in opposition. 1. During the early stages of pregnancy, a fetus is still a human being, which has the right to live, so therefore, abortion is murder. “The fetus is not yet a human being because it cannot survive outside the uterus on its own. Abortion should not be considered murder if the fetus is not self-sustaining and requires the mother’s body and physical resources to survive”(Levay 1).
For example, if there is a complication in pregnancy and the mother can suffer because of the child, I think it is ok to do abortion. It is important to understand the various ideas that go behind abortion. The right of an abortion for a mother should be left on her own decision as the mother knows best about her condition. She is going to be the 'host body ' for the baby, even though her own, for nine months and according to Thompson, the mother should have the right to decide if she wants to foster and go through with the ordeal. But still, there are also a strong debate going on about the human rights of the child: