The second ethical dilemma is that social work practitioners and their clients have different personal values. Despite social workers best efforts to keep their feelings in check and to respect differences, being confronted with situations in which their
When addressing an ethical dilemma, having the ability to identify possible outcomes to address it is essential for change. The ethical dilemma I face at my field placement is confidentiality versus the right to self-determination. One possible option I mentioned previously to address the ethical dilemma was for clients to sign a privacy and confidentiality agreement that outlines what is considered mandated reporting. I believe the possible outcome for this option would help improve the client’s confidence with the agency and the clinician but also build rapport and trust. It would result in less missed appointments, assist with client involvement, and help the client feel supported while in crisis.
Public relations practitioners are faced with many challenges when it comes to abiding to the code of ethics in public relations, and making sure that they are accountable to the interest of the community, their clients and employers. In most situations these three groups of people have different expectations, values and beliefs, hence realistically it is very difficult to achieve perfect symmetry. As a result, practitioners are faced with many ethical dilemmas, as the area of ethics is a grey area. The definition of ethics explained by Parsons (2008) stated that public relations ethics is the application of knowledge, understanding and reasoning to questions on what is that right or wrong behaviour in professional practice of public relations.
The other obligations are on a more personal level and vary on every person. People have to act accordingly to their obligations regardless of the positive or negative outcome of their actions. According to deontologists, it is wrong to kill, to steal, to lie, and it is right to keep promises and to help people. One should not lie about anything even though that lie could save a lot of lives. In addition, one should not perform a prohibited action even though it could bring uncountable benefits to society (Kant’s Deontological ethics).
This is where culture intersects with ethics. Since interpretations of what is moral are influenced by cultural norms, the possibility exists that what is ethical to one group will not be considered so by someone living in a different culture. According to cultural relativists this means that there is no singular truth on which to base ethical or moral behavior for all time and geographic space, as our interpretations of truths are influenced by our own culture. YOU MIGHT BELIEVE THAT YOU SHOULD ACT ONE WAY OR ANOTHER BECAUSE IT IS THE RIGHT THING TO DO. THIS IS YOUR PERSONAL ETHIC AND WHICH STEMS FROM THE SOCIETY/CULTURE ONE BELONGS TO.
The primary ethical responsibility of counselors is to respect the dignity and promote the welfare of clients. (ACA, Code of Ethics, 2015) According to (ACA, Code of Ethics, 2015) counselors must respect the dignity of clients. In order to do that counselors must create a safe environment for their clients and must maintain confidentiality. Career counsellors must only perform activities for which they have or have access to the necessary skills and resources for giving the sort of help that is required. If one does not have the needed training or resource for the type of career concern presented, it is the responsibility of the career counsellor to refer the client to someone who is competent of doing so.
Any personal views that are not associated with counseling goals must be circumvented, and counselors need to continue to be aware of these views and regard all forms of diversity when it conveys to clients Competency and proficiency are important ethical values as well. Forming the necessary skills required as a counselor does not only improve the client-counselor
How knowledge about ethical reasoning theories changes your actions: The role of ethical theories is dominant in the field of ethical decision making. For example, when I tried to figure out the corners of this dilemma via fairness approach I discovered that when dealing with an ethical issue you should try to get rid of your emotions and friendships and struggle to point out the justice’ face. In addition, if I was not fair I could be totally with my friend like a blind without the need to know more but the ethical reasoning theories change my critical thinking to obey about what is good or bad. In the absence of a perfect world, we must then strive to improve the quality of our ethical decisions, recognizing we will never be perfect. We can improve our performance by first understanding the characteristics of ethical dilemmas.
Concerning influential types of management/leadership in ethical behaviour, findings contain mainly the following types- as they were described by Trevino & Brown (2004): Transformational leadership: these relationships entail future obligations that are unspecified and are enforced by norms of reciprocity. Without the protection of contractually specified obligations, the perceived trust-worthiness of the partners and the fairness of the exchange become important for developing and maintaining lasting relationships. The obligation is voluntary and the benefits may be non-monetary, hence the loss of reputation plays an important role here. Leaders, in this category raise followers’ level of moral development and focus followers