France and Britain were the main conquer in African colonies, because there conqueror of land in Africa. Founded in document D African colonies and their exports. Economic factors were more of a driving force behind imperialism since the imperialists were in search of natural resources for improving technology and their national pride. The Europeans went to Africa because of their many resources and their quantities of gold, fur, and yarn all superior resources for the Europeans. Africa had dealt with European
“The truth is that neither British nor American imperialism was or is idealistic. It had always been driven by economic or strategic interests.”-Charley Reese. Imperialism is when a strong nation monopolizes a weaker nation for its own welfare. European nations looked to Africa as a source of raw materials and a market for industrial products. In the 1800s, Europe finally made an attempt to explore Africa 's interior after being frightened by its foreign geographics and diseases.
To solve the economic and political problems facing Great Britain, their government decided to expand their nation into foreign territories. This lead to imperialism, or the spread of one nation’s power and influence over another through military might or diplomacy. The goal of Great Britain’s imperialistic drive in Africa was to spread and protect its nationalism, support advances in technology, and ultimately improve its economic position in the world. With the population growth in Great Britain and surrounding nations, it became necessary to colonize other territories to grow and expand their power. European countries believed this was necessary to protect their nationalism or identity.
Pride was one of the leading factors of Imperialism in Africa; Europeans wanted to express their power by taking over different African colonies. Germany, like the other big European colonies, focused on that power as a whole. “Should the New German Reich wish to prove and maintain it’s… position of power… It will have to take up the same culture-mission and delay
The Atlantic Slave trade was important as it created the initial demand for the devolvement of English exportation of manufactured goods. C Knick Harley comments in his work that “by 1770 trade (British Trade) with the Americas rivalled that with Europe”. Eric Williams believed that the cotton trade with the colonies, played an important role in the generation of capital, however this industry only come to fruition after 1800. This industry could not have had a significant affect in generating capital. It was an attribute to the textile industry in England however, its importance in underwriting the Industrial Revolution is unlikely.
Imperialism in the late nineteenth century was sparked from the rise of industrialization throughout the world and the competition for new territory. Modernized countries took advantage of uncivilized nations in order to utilize their available resources and to compete with their civilized counterparts. Western imperialist countries in the late nineteenth century exploited periphery countries and hindered them economically and human-environmentally for the purpose of their own wealth and benefit, despite some arguments that outline a mutually beneficial global economy from imposing a strong, powerful government in these unstable places in order to control and maintain the chaotic behavior of the natives. By using the India and Congo case studies,
The Berlin Conference took place during the New Imperialism period. A major outcome of the Berlin Conference was eliminating many forms of autonomy and self-governance. Germany, Great Britain & France competed to find more land which ultimately led to the Scramble for Africa. The German Chancellor called on the US to take part in the Berlin Conference with a joint policy. Sub-Saharan Africa was one of the last regions to be untouched by Imperialism.
A great change United States history was the development of the country as a whole, regarding its magnitude in land mass and overall spread of acquired territory. Also known as the Age of American Imperialism, this significant expansion came about from foreign relations with other nations. Through peaceful negotiations, as well as violent conflicts, the U.S.’s sphere of influence and control expanded across various bodies of water. Increased involvement with world relations triggered a shift in power from one side of the world to the other, which would lead to the establishment of the U.S. as a world power, or an independent entity powerful enough to bring change on a global scale. Foreign relations between the U.S. and other nations during the late 1800s and early 1900s increased and became more complex as their involvement within global affairs likewise intensified.
The New Imperialism in Africa was an expansion on Africa by Europe that was motivated by profit and prestige. One of the most famous Imperialists during the time was Cecil Rhodes. He said that “[Britain] must find new lands from which [it] can easily obtain raw materials and at the same time exploit cheap slave labor that is available from the natives of the colonies.” (Document 3) Along with Rhodes, there were various other imperialists that strongly believed Britain and Europe as a whole was the most powerful force in the world and that therefore they alone had the right to “geopolitical dominance” (Document 5) “The White Man’s Burden” was what justified the European actions in Africa. The origin of this ideology came from Rudyard Kipling’s poem “The White Man’s Burden” (Document 6). The Europeans believed that it was their duty and burden to “civilize” the African natives.
Followed by the first age of Imperialism in the 1600s when the Spanish conquistadors sailed the Atlantic Ocean, the second age of imperialism occurred. Imperialism is when a more powerful country takes over a less powerful country. The European rulers came together in 1885 at The Berlin Conference to discuss the new conquest of Africa. At this time, Africa was viewed as a piece of cake and each “slice” was distributed to each European country depending on its power.In the 1800s right after the Industrial Revolution, the Europeans were colonizing the African territory. As a result, Britain, France and the Netherlands had grown more powerful.
European colonialism affected Africa politics in many ways. Between the 1870s and 1900, Africa faced European military invasions, imperialist aggression, diplomatic pressures, and eventual conquest and colonization. The European push was motivated by political, economic, and social factors. Following the collapse of the very profitable slave trade and the expansion of European capitalist industrial revolutions, the push developed. The European demand for assured sources of raw materials and the search for profitable investment outlets and guaranteed markets, sparked the European scramble in the conquest of Africa.