Euthyphro's Dilemmas Of The Divine Command Theory

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The Divine Command Theory The Divine Command Theory is an ethical theory that states that God decides what is morally right and what is morally wrong. The theory argues that to be morally good one must do what God says and abstain from doing what God forbids. The question that is going to be discussed in this essay is if The Divine Command Theory provides an acceptable account of what makes an action morally right and others morally wrong. In this essay I will argue against the previously mentioned statement using the following arguments: The inconsistency between theists, the dependence of morality on religion and finally, Euthyphro’s dilemma. One problem with the Divine Command Theory is that it assumes that all its followers agree on what…show more content…
In this dialogue there are two characters namely, Euthyphro and Socrates. Socrates is trying to understand what the essence of piety and holiness is and he then asks Euthyphro: "Is the pious loved by the gods because it is pious, or is it pious because it is loved by the gods?", in layman’s terms this basically means that “Does God command something because it is good or is it good because God demands it?”. If one accepts the first argument, that God commands something because it is good, then it implies that God does not have sovereignty over everything, as his omnibenevolence relies on a predetermined, higher hierarchy, of greater good than himself. However, if one accepts the second argument, that God commanding something makes it good, then it implies that there is a form of arbitrariness around what really makes an action morally good because it means that whatever God commands is good even if we find it completely absurd – for example, if God were to command that torturing someone is good and something we ought to do, then if we accept the second argument, we would have no choice to do it, even if we know that it is morally wrong. This concludes that either God is not really, morally, good, or He's not almighty. Both conclusions lead to a scenario where it does not matter which statement theists choose to be right as it will ultimately be the lesser of two evils and will still question either God’s morality or His

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