Satire is used by many famous writers to create humor and to criticize people’s unwise, and senseless actions. As George Orwell once said, "All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others." (Orwell, 1945). People will always be greedy and think they are smarter than others but this is untrue. The one who thinks he is smarter or better than the other will always end up losing in life. In the short story “The Devil and Tom Walker” by Washington Irving, satire is incorporated in a perfect way. This story is about Tom Walker, who makes a pact with the devil, and ends up lending money at high interest rates. When Tom Walker thinks he is smarter than his customers and does not give more time to one of his customers to pay him back, Tom’s life ends in an instant. Through the use of satire Irving criticizes the institution of marriage and the folly of human nature.
Irving criticizes the institution of marriage in many ways throughout the story. He introduces Tom to the story by pointing out the following: “He had a wife as miserly as himself; they were so miserly that they even conspired to cheat each other.” In this quote Irving substantiates that marriage will lead one to temptation, and that many people that think are happy with their partner will always look for other partners during marriage. Another example of Irving’s use of satire to criticize marriage is when he writes, “Whatever the woman could lay hands on she hid away: a hen could not crackle but she
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The Devil and Tom Walker is a short story published in 1824 by Washington Irving. The story takes place during 1724 in the colony of Massachusetts when Tom Walker, who is a greedy miser, happens to meet an old lumberjack in the nearby swamp. This lumberjack is known as Old Scratch and offers Tom immense wealth, specifically the treasure of Kidd the Pirate, in exchange for Tom’s soul. Tom initially needs time to ponder the offer, but eventually accepts it after his wife dies trying to fulfill the deal herself. Tom lives his whole life as an usurer, while still being just as cheap as he was, eventually getting taken by Old Scratch and fulfilling his end of the bargain.
Washington Irving was the author of “The Devil and Tom Walker”, in his early life he began to study to be a lawyer, but soon falling away from that finding he had more interest in traveling and writing. Irving’s work including, “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” and “Rip Van Winkle”, became known as an important part of American heritage today. The setting was in New England, the year 1727, just at the time that earthquakes were prevaled. Around the area of where Tom Walker had lived with his wife, Tom had found an old Indian fort which he chose to rest at on his way homeward. The main characters in “The Devil and Tom Walker” are obviously the Devil, “a great black man...neither Negro nor Indian” and Tom Walker who was a “miserly fellow”.
Before the Civil War, slavery was a very popular practice in the southern United States. Though not many people actually had slaves, most southerners defended it because one day owning a slave was the “American Dream.” In the novel The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Mark Twain uses satire to reveal the greed, religious hypocrisy, and gullibility among the pre-Civil War south. Twain uses satire to demonstrate how greed can leave a person with less than what they began with.
Satire is a genre of literature in which individuals are ridiculed. It is used to point out the faults and stupidity of humanity. In the novel The Adventures in Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain, Huck gets introduced to the King, Duke, and the Phelps. Huck starts to notice the flaws of humanity. Twain reveals the faults of society and religion.
“The Devil and Tom Walker” written by Washington Irving, is a story that takes place in New England in the 1720’s. A major part of the story is satire as it is displayed all throughout the work. Satire is writing that ridicules or criticizes. Religion, marriage, and the white establishment are three different elements of society that are criticized throughout the story with satire. Religion and religious types are criticized through satire by Irving in the story.
Characters in stories sometimes follow a theme when it comes to their traits. These traits are called archetypes. Archetypes can be as simple as a villain or hero. They can also be used to portray unfathomable human characteristics that exists in everyone. Characteristics such as greed, lust, envy, pride, sloth, and gluttony are examples.
Saving the Modern World: One Satire at a Time There are so many problems that the world faces today, some more urgent than others. Some individuals choose to focus on the newest fashion style or celebrity breakup rather than focus on one that could bring about the doom of a nation. The use of satire in great literary works, television entertainment, and comics is an effective way to enlighten the world on the difficulties it faces.
Irving supports his explanation describing it through the story, he gives 2 very clear examples and which include his wife's death as well as his. The authors purpose is to show all the gripping money-brokers and “gold diggers” what their avarice will lead them to so that they can reflect upon it. He writes in a sarcastic and ironic tone sometimes humorous, to emphasize the importance of his statement more and let all human beings know how the way they act now will define them and their life later
Alice in Wonderland Societal Reading Victorian society demanded a specific role of civilians with strict expectations they always adhere to. Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, more commonly recognised by his pen name, Lewis Carroll, is one author who questioned these expectations through the use of satire within his text Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland. Satirizing the rule and conventions of Victorian society is one manner in which Carroll subverts the nature of this time period by drawing specific attention to the worst aspects and proving how ridiculous they truly are.
Often times when Mark Twain talks about Sunday school or church in generals in the book Tom Sawyer he uses satire to explain some things in the book. When we hear about Sunday school or church we are often made to think of it as a funny or joking situation. We are told about a typical Sunday morning that begins with Sunday school. To get ready tom decides to go to Sid to “get his verses”. Sid had memorized his lesson days before tom who decides to get a “vague general idea of his lesson, but no more, for his mind was traversing the whole field of human thought and his hands were busy with distracting recreations.”
Voltaire’s Candide takes us through the life and development of Candide, the protagonist. Throughout his adventures, he witnesses many travesties and sufferings. Like many Enlightenment philosophers, Pangloss, Candide’s tutor, is an optimist; this philosophy was adopted by many to help mask the horrors of the eightieth century. Pangloss teaches Candide that everything happens for a reason. Voltaire uses satire, irony and extreme exaggerations to poke fun at many aspects; such as optimism, religion, corruption, and social structures within Europe.
Thomas More 's eccentric tale of 'Utopia ' serves as a criticism of medieval England of his time, where he employs satire to deliver scathing commentary on the fallacies present within the English government, societal structure and religion. Consequently, he applies satire to exaggerate humanities imperfection, and further does this through his paradoxical comparison between medieval England and Utopia. Hence, utopian and dystopian texts alike primarily serve as mirrors to identify what aspects of society an author has issue with, and then to provide insight into the mannerisms in which an alternative society deals with those issues. 'Utopia ' More discusses the absurdity of humanity 's attempt to impose order on society. More 's stern
A loyal partner can be hard to find these days with affairs going around. For some rich families, marriages can be controlled because people think it is some sort of ownership. Fitzgerald says that Tom thinks his marriage with Daisy is nothing less than perfect even though that this is not the case at all from Daisy’s point of view, "Daisy loved me when she married me and she loves me now. ”(Source A). Tom sees marriage as a sense of ownership which shows dishonorable values that Tom has towards the idea of marriage as a whole.
He hardly talks about women at all. He starts out by saying, “He had a wife as miserly as himself; they were so miserly that they even conspired to cheat each other. Whatever the woman could lay hands on she hid away: a hen could not cackle but she was on the alert to secure the new--laid egg.” This starts out on a sarcastic tone, implying she was not worthy of her husband. Irving goes on to say, “ Tom’s wife was a tall termagant, fierce of temper, loud of tongue, and strong of arm.
In our day and age, the concept of comedy and particularly, the perception of satirical comedy has been changed. There are many controversies about whether a subject is appropriate to make fun of or not. Conan O'Brien says: " The Jews are funny, black people are funny -if you are making huge blanket statements, you'd say those are groups that historically have been thought of as very funny. Well, you're looking at three groups with huge amounts of fuel like repression and cultural insecurity and all that" (Paul Provenza, May 6, 2010 Conan O'Brien: In Happier Times)