Blasphemy is also punished here. Sodomites are also punished here, as it is considered that they were violent to Nature (against the nature of things, heteronormative behavior and tradition). Here, Dante see his friend Brunetto Latini, a Sodomite, whom he cries for. Circle 8 contains those who were fraudulent on earth. They are tortured and are stuck in another pit, this time a pit of darkness.
Ugolino is placed at the absolute lowest circle in Hell and as such receives the brutal punishment of being forced to eat someone's head. Count Ugolino demonstrates that he is being punished this way when “His eyes narrowed to slits when he was done, and he seized the skull again between his teeth grinding it as a mastiff grinds a bone” (XXXIII.76-79). This quote contains a metaphor which compares Ugolino to the likes of an animal feasting upon a bone. Because of how primal Ugolino becomes after telling his story it can also echo the earlier line about fasting overcoming Ugolino's grief. Both of these lines are symbolically vague in the sense of what Count Ugolino sinned for exactly.
In the novel The Inferno by Dante Alighieri, Dante illustrates the different circles of Hell as well as how each sin within a circle is punished. Throughout Hell there are nine different levels and as you travel deeper into Hell each punishment gets more intense and harsh. As Dante travels through hell, the relationship between a sin and it’s punishment becomes clear through the allegorical lens. Circle one encompasses those who were born before Christ. This circle, which is also known as limbo, consists of many great heroes and thinkers.
Judas Iscariot is in the central mouth, Brutus and Cassius in the mouths either side. “‘The soul that suffers most,’ explained my Guide, ‘is Judas Iscariot, he who kicks his legs on fiery chin and his head inside. Of the other two, who have their heads thrust forward, the one who dangles down from the black face is Brutus, there with the huge and sinewy arms, is the soul of Cassius. But the night is coming on and we must go, for we have seen the whole.’” (pg. 281)This imagery shows that these three sinners are the worse human kind, because Judas betrayed Christ and Brutus and Cassius betrayed Caesar.
The prisoners receive a thematically equivalent punishment to their actions in their previous lives. As the deeper circles of hell are populated by the worst inmates, the concept of contrapasso elicits exceedingly jarring punishments the further Dante travels. The nine total circles of hell are large enough to populate a lifetime 's worth of the world’s sins. When Dante is introduced to the first circle of hell, reserved for pagans, it is clear that the inmates are bound eternally to live in the Inferno, for even those who did not conciously commit sin, are forced to stay in this realm. In his real life, Alighieri was highly vocal about political stances.
It was devastating where his children told him to eat them to end their sufferings. The depiction of characters is cannibalism and guilt. Ugolino was biting his hands. His children thought he was hungry and they told him to eat them since after all he is the father and the person who
At this point in the book the inherent violence that has been building up through the whole story because of anger and fear takes over and they kill Simon. This shows how humans are inherently violent and without rules in place violence creates a society so defective that it drives people to kill their friends. Another example of violence creating a dysfunctional society in Lord of the Flies is when Jack and the hunters let the fire out to go kill their first pig. “I cut the pig’s throat,” said Jack, proudly, and yet twitched as he said it. “Can I borrow yours, Ralph, to make a nick in the hilt?” The boys chattered and danced.
Throughout the story Frankenstein, we can see and interpret many themes. One of these, in particular, is that the desire for revenge leads to destruction. Both of the main characters are dead set on revenge throughout parts of the story, which ultimately leads to their fates. Mary Shelley develops the theme in Frankenstein, the desire for revenge leads to destruction, in a variety of ways. The first of those is when the creature kills William because he heard the name Frankenstein.
In Circle 5: Styx, Canto VIII, Filippo Argenti, a sinner of Wrathful, helped Dante to symbolize to readers his anger towards Black Guelphs, political enemies of the White Guelphs. In Circle 7: Round Three, Canto XV, Ser Brunetto Latino,
But Simon intended to inform the boys of the imaginary beast as only being the instinctual savagery that exists within every human being. Throughout the novel, the boys’ believe in the beast grows stronger simultaneously with them growing more savage. The boys never get to know of Simons realizations. Earlier in the novel, the hunters spear a pigs head as sacrifice to the beast. Simon ends up having an imaginary dialogue with the pig head.