Macbeth is a drama that was written by William Shakespeare in 1606 during the reign of James I after the death of Queen Elizabeth. The play is set in Scotland , which is also the homeland of James I, who was on the throne. There are a lot of historical events that serve as pretense for the plot of Macbeth. For example Queen Elizabeth obtained the throne by playing an instrumental role in having her cousin Queen Mary beheaded, as a dea. Macbeth also obtains the throne by overthrowing the current power. The play was reconstructed a threat to an anointed King and the perceived evil behind the threat and this alluded to the Gunpowder plot of 1605, which was plotted against King James 1. In Shakespeare writing this work he alluded to a lot of historical events that happened close to his time as a playwright. The question I raise in this essay is rather fate, fortune, or free will takes precedent when deciding someone’s
For centuries, there has been lots debate on whether or not there is such thing as fate or free will. To this day, people are trying to decide if one’s life is already laid out for him/her and that if no matter what he/she does that it will still unfold in a preset way, in which that they cannot change, or if one has free will and the ability to completely change his/her life. In William Shakespeare’s Macbeth, the main character, Macbeth, is not doomed by fate, but by free will. In particular, Shakespeare’s Macbeth demonstrates that it is not fate that determines one 's life as it is one 's flaws and choices. This is illustrated through Macbeth himself, who, first, makes the choice of not listening to his conscience, which continuously
Fate, destiny, prophecy all important pieces of tall tales, stories, and legends, that give everything and everyone an unchangeable path. In the play, Macbeth by William Shakespeare, the lives of man are once more played to the tune of a mischievous master. Though throughout the tale, Macbeth seemingly has free will, but in the end, realizes that he was just a pawn in someone’s game to be thrown away at a moment’s notice. As shown throughout the Book many times the witches tell Macbeth of his demise showing that he had truly no control of what was to come. In this case as in all cases the creator is at fault for creating Macbeth to bring horror, pain, and death to all those he betrayed.
“Determinism is the philosophical idea that every event or state of affairs, including every human decision and action, is the inevitable and necessary consequence of antecedent states of affairs”(Information Philosopher, 2015). It refers to the claim that, at any moment or place in time, there is only one possible future for the whole universe. However, the concept of determinism often comes into question when looking into whether human beings possess free will. Free Will can be defined as “the power of acting without the constraint of necessity or fate; the ability to act at one's own discretion” (Defence of Reason, 2014). The very definition of the terms determinism and free will appear to be conflicting however, many philosophical thinkers
Macbeth had choices, even with the witches foretelling his fortune and his doom, and he chose every action, crime, and path he took. Fate had nothing to do with Macbeth’s actions, and Macbeth can be held accountable for all his actions since he could clearly determine between both sides in his choices, he understood the consequences, and
Free will allows freedom of choice. Free will is the ability to choose with intelligence and common sense. Our choices cannot be completely free from our knowledge, values, perceptions of everyday life and the things around us. Our choices are not free from the influence of our past thoughts and decisions. The freedom of free will is not discrediting influencing factors such as our own self-awareness, our ability to seek out knowledge and project the future, and our awareness of our own thinking. This is where our source of freedom comes from. It makes us as human beings aware of what we want. The proper understanding of free will is that our choices are not free from various influences, but we are free to make our own choices in the end. Peter van Inwagen argues that the very existence of moral responsibility entails the existence of free will.
Free-will is the natural instinct to do as you feel. Fate is the journey that is planned out for you and the rest of your life. Oedipus Rex and Revenge of the Sith, show recognition to the debate on fate vs free-will. ‘Who followed their fate?”, “Did Oedipus and Anakin follow their imaginations instead of their realities?” The impact of these stories show that fate is a stronger force than free-will.
and obtains the title, which trigger an arrogant and self-absorbed thinking leading to madness and finally, death. The play seems to bring up the question, whether Macbeth is fully responsible of his own destiny, or under control of fate. In the first glance, the play seems to take rather fatalistic direction, meaning that we are powerless to make decisions as they are inevitably determined by supernatural power (Hugh 1)) It is due to the presence of supernatural forces throughout the whole play that systematically fulfills the prophecy; therefore the witches represent the idea of fate in the play. However, Shakespeare seems to rather intertwine fate with free will and perhaps even promotes the second philosophy as the play evolves.
Destiny over Free will Free will is a term unheard of nowhere days because of how much the media portrays that we have to do what other people say such as politicians. Some people are destined to think that everything we say and do has already been written out in a script somewhere in heaven and that God already knows what we are going to do before we even do it. People do not possess free will but are governed by fate because in Dante's Inferno the people who were brought down to hell were brought down because they were destined to go down the wrong path and that's why they are in hell and there are special places for people whose fate was a little too heinous and they were forced to go in the middle of heaven and hell and sometimes other people are also destined to lead us to our fate such as Virgil in Dante's inferno. People do not possess free will but are governed by fate because we think we have a choice to change our decisions but what if
The question that’s often posed by individuals who read Shakespeares Macbeth is why Macbeth stoops to the level of evil that he does. One could almost see superficially that Macbeth is just a pawn of fate, which could be solidly supported by the witches Macbeth encounters and even his wife. And fate and free will is defined so elegantly in Walter T. Stace’s Is Determinism Iconsisitent with free will? as follows; “Acts freely done are those whose immediate causes are psychological staes in the agent, Acts not freely done are those whose immediate causes are states of affairs external to the agent.
Are we able to control our destiny or the outside forces? There are very good arguments about that but at the end of the day, I feel like we don’t control what happens to use in the future. Especially after I read the book, “A Lesson Before Dying”. Jefferson, the main character, was executed for something he didn't even do. He had a future and it was all gone due to what he couldn't control.
Free will is merely an illusion in Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead. To give an example, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern attempt to intercept Hamlet on stage, but they always end up following anything Hamlet or Claudius proposes. When are are watching the play that foreshadows their fate, Guildenstern ironically remarks: “Keep back — we’re spectators” (Stoppard 39). Their illusion about their status makes them wander aimlessly until they meet their tragic end (Draudt 4). Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are destined to die, not because of fate, but because their incapability to handle their own situation leads them to be unable to alter the situation at all.
In the play Macbeth, the lead role “Macbeth” was given a prophecy. Part of the prophecy stated that Macbeth would be king. Macbeth made decisions to make the prophecies come true, rather than believing that his actions were predetermined. Shakespeare, the author of Macbeth, probably believed that fate is never predetermined. I believe Macbeth’s actions were the cause of his own decisions, and that he did what he could to make his prophecies come true.
Fate or free will? Paulo Coelho once said: “I can control my destiny, but not my fate. Destiny means there are opportunities to turn right or left, but fate is a one-way street. I believe we all have the choice as to whether we fulfill our destiny, but our fate is sealed.” According to oxford dictionary, fate is the development of events outside a person’s control, regarded as predetermined by a super natural power.