GENDER: Gender is range of characteristics pertaining to and differentiating between masculinity and femininity. It is linked to socially constructed notion of masculinity and femininity, it is not necessarily a direct product of an individual’s biological sex. GENDER DISCRIMINATION: Gender discrimination means discrimination based on a person's gender or sex, which is very common in our society and it more often affects girls and women. Because of gender discrimination, girls and women do not have the same opportunities as boys and men for education, meaningful careers, political influence, and economic advancement. The society we are living in discriminate individual on the bases of one’s sex.
Gender role refers to those behaviors and attitudes that are considered to belong to one sex. Gender role is based on femininity and masculinity that differentiate women and men by giving men some roles and women which results to gender inequality. There some work in society that is regarded to belong to women such as cooking, taking care of children and other less important roles while men are given roles that makes them superior than women. Most of the gender roles associated with women makes them inferior and creates a room to be oppressed. Gender roles are constructed by society and attributed to women or men.
One does sexual orientation to be seen by others in a specific manner, either as male, female, or as alarming those classifications. Surely, sex is disguised and procures noteworthiness for the individual; a few people need to feel ladylike or manly. Social constructionists may contend that in light of the fact that classifications are just framed inside a social connection, even the influence of sexual orientation is in a few ways a social connection. Also, we hold ourselves and one another for our presentation of sex, or how we "quantify up." We are mindful that others assess and portray our conduct on the parameter of sex.
Gender equality is generally the idea that both men and women should obtain equal and fair treatment and not to be discriminated because of their gender. In a gender-equal society, men and women may not do the same kind of work or have the same social role and obligation, but their contribution are valued roughly equal. In recent centuries, the number of supporters who strike for gender equality surge increasingly, which cause an enormous amount of issues concerning with gender inequality to be aroused with wide concern. Consequently, some people discover and suggest that gender equality is only achievable in democratic and capitalist societies. This essay will argue that gender equality can also exist in other societies because the degree of gender equality is closely related to different modes of production and political systems.
This all has to do with the issue of status in social aspects. There is the general perception that the masculine traits occupy a higher position than feminine traits. Looking at the issue of sexual orientation, for woman behaving in a masculine way, it does not raise eyebrows, however if a man were to behave like a woman, this will no doubt be a big deal. The man will most certainly be referred to as a homosexual. In the workplace however it is the women on the receiving end in the event of deviation.
Conflict Theory- By keeping women in subordinate roles, men ensure that they control the means of production and protect their privileges. Men will not voluntarily give up their current beneficial positions of power. Feminist Theory- It says that patriarchy is the cause of women’s oppression. Class, race, and gender intersect it in a way that privileges some women over others, though most women are still subordinate to most men. Consequences of Gender Stratification:- Rigid stereotyping can have psychological and social consequences for individuals • For men- guilt, anxiety; early
Differences in men’s and women’s speech People will consciously and unconsciously perform each identity. Language is a form of performance. The conventions of linguistic behaviour of men and women are strained from the performance of the felt and desired gender identity of a person. The above-mentioned conventions are based on natural discourse of the genders as well as on the ideologies of gendered speech behaviour within a society. Feminist movements realized that language was one of the instruments of female oppression by males.
The male roles in the family seem to be above females’ because they get to make decisions for girls. Men feel dominant to women, so the same behaviors as the women are acceptable for them. Along with these, the ladies are not expected to crave love and affection like the gentlemen do. The gender issue of men being dominant and women being submissive used in the drama, A Midsummer Night’s Dream, shows the differences in the roles, behaviors, and expectations appropriate for each gender and is an example of an outdated stereotype. Unlike the time frame of this literature, women in the present are valued equal to men.
The nature that people possesses should not be dictated by the society and their gender, but by their soul that they are borne with. He continues in the Republic and wrote that “if it appears that they differ only in this respect that the female bears and the male begets, we shall say that no proof has yet been produced that the woman differs from the man for our purposes, but we shall continue to think that our guardians and their wives ought to follow the same pursuits” (454e), proving that there is no significant difference between men and women that could exclude women from governing and occupations that used to be male
Even though Elizabeth Gaskell’s ‘North and South’ and Virginia Woolf’s ‘To the Lighthouse’ are over seventy years apart in publication, they both focus on a theme that was so prevalent, it veered on the edge of controversial; gender relations. As everyday relationships began to change, this issue became significant in literature. This essay will argue that these novels play on the rising feminist ideas of their times, and that they explore what women could do, rather than what men told them they could not do. It will discuss the failing idolisation of masculinity and male leadership. It will compare the two passages to show their similarities in representations of gender relations.