The decline in the population was a substantial amount as well as the crop failure. The Irish famine eliminated approximately one million people, or one-eighth of the whole population. This established it as a major famine, comparatively expounding, by world-historical standards. “The famine proved to be a watershed in the demographic history of Ireland. As a direct consequence of the famine, Ireland’s population of almost 8.4 million in 1844 had fallen to 6.6 million by 1851.
History of the Irish immigration to the United States is rich and can be divided into several important periods. Between the years of 1845 and 1855, more than 1.5 million Irish adults and children left the country for America, in search for the refuge. The reasons for such an influx were numerous: many Irish were desperately poor, and many were suffering from starvation and disease. One of the most widely spread reasons was the so-called Potato Famine. It killed more than 1 million people in five years and caused great acrimony and anger at the British for providing too little help to their Irish subjects.
The 19th century brought tremendous advances in the diagnosis and treatment of many diseases, but Charles Booth’s investigations between 1886 and 1903 into the Life and Labor of the people in London revealed that approximately thirty percent of the population still lived in poverty. The average number of persons to an inhabited house in London and its neighboring urban districts increased compared with the numbers in 1891. By the end of the century, the overcrowding in London was almost thirty percent or sixteen per cent of the whole population. This happened mainly because quarters had been destroyed in accordance with the slum clearances. As a result the unhoused moved to other districts.
In 2010, the biggest earthquake since 1770 struck Haiti, causing over 250,000 deaths and affecting at least three million people, drastically increasing the level of poverty (“Top 5 Facts about Poverty in Haiti”). The earthquake destroyed practically everything, leaving the country in ruins. The small amount of infrastructure in Haiti was destroyed, leaving the government with no way to organize and regulate life. Left without an economy, the country was impossible to save. The World Bank estimates that the earthquake caused eight million dollars in damage, leading the country further into poverty (“Top 5 Facts about Poverty in Haiti”).
Smallpox affected all levels of society. In the 18th century in Europe, 400,000 people died annually of smallpox, and one-third of the survivors went blind. The symptoms of smallpox, appeared suddenly and the sequelae were destructive. The case-fatality rate varied from 20% to 60% and left most survivors with disfiguring scars. The case-fatality rate in infants was even higher, approaching 80% in London and 98% in Berlin during the late
Discussing this all-destroying plague in detail shows it left many long term effects. Close to half of the population in Europe being eliminated over a short time period left considerable damage and altered families, the economy, church life and the lives of artists and patrons, which is also represented in the three works of art described. It’s difficult to conclude this essay without mentioning what has always come to mind when thinking of the bubonic plague and that is a folksong associated with the Black Death, “Ring around the Rosey.” Ring-a-ring-a-roses, A pocket full of posies; Ashes! Ashes! We all fall down Ring Around the Rosey(victims of the plague would usually have a red, swollen ring around their eyes).
In the fourteenth century, Europe was experiencing famine that was followed by a plague known as the Black Death that affected most parts of the continent (Davis 45). The pandemic led to the loss of almost two-fifths of the European population. Such a situation meant that fewer Europeans were able to give their services as laborers in North America since most of them had passed away, and the remaining were still recovering from the loss of loved ones and caring for the few survivors from the plague who were still ailing and recovering. Evidently, there was a shortage of laborers, and this necessitated the need to look for alternative labor. Factors Leading to Increased Forced Labor Social stratification was partially responsible for forced labor in North America (Davis 30; Chapter2 60).
Reading it says a lot about the way people during that time period. The late middle ages was a time of both crisis and recovery. In the 1300s, the Europeans had faced both black death and famine. The mass starvation had caused many deaths, especially for peasants. However, not only were peasants going through a crisis during that time, when the black death occurred, no one was safe.
The colonists barely made it through winter as they had assistance with all necessary aid by the six or seven people who were immune of diseases. Only fifty out of one hundred colonists have survived the time of suffering. In the article, “Colonial America Depended on the Enslavement of Indigenous People”, Marissa Fessenden states, “In 1637, they burned a village on the banks of the Mystic River in southeastern Connecticut, killing 400 to 700 Pequots.” The colonists had murdered natives by destroying their homes and territory. During the Pequot war, many of their tribe members were lost. This weakened the natives in war as they had very little men to send to resist the colonists.
There was an estimated 1833 people killed by the whole hurricane. Out of those people that died 40 percent of them died from drowning, 25 percent of people died from trauma, 11 percent of the people died of heart conditions and the other 24 percent died of other or unknown causes. The impact this hurricane had on families was crazy. After this hurricane, the population of New Orleans went down by 254,502 people that 's a decrease of over half of the city 's total population. Throughout the whole hurricane over 6000 homes were