Before the rebirth process began, the Italians had the desire to rebuild some of their greatest being thus the creation of the Renaissance process. As a result of the process, Italy had several achievements regarding science, literature, philosophy, music and arts. As a result, Italy was recognized as the leader of Europe as a result of the major changes they managed to bring in their country (Marvin et al., 34). Therefore, the main aim of this assignment will be to discuss the various effects that the Italian Renaissance had in France as well as the transformation of the ideas. Italian Renaissance ideas The main idea of the Italian Renaissance was built upon restoring the ways of the country to their level best.
Artists such as Leonardo Da Vinci, Michelangelo and Albrecht Durer were all sponsored by patrons who developed their skills and talents. Michelangelo created the powerful sculpture of David (1504) in Florence. “Michelangelo’s work represents the epitome of art during the renaissance, a time of cultural rebirth” It symbolises the power of the individual and the power of the state at the time. A powerful patron that was Pope Julius 2nd commissioned Michelangelo to paint the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel which conveyed the individuality and talent of this cultural genius. “Painters now faithfully depicted the beauty of mountains, rocks and gardens for their own sakes.” These artists “experimented with perspective, paid greater attention to proportion, shadowing and naturalistic representation and took their subjects from antiquity.” Although many new techniques such as perspective and linear drawings were introduced, they also learnt from both the Greeks and the Romans about soul when they drew a human face.
There are some influences of other Elizabethan authors. In this journal we can thrash out the influences of Shakespeare and Machiavelli in the tragedy, The duchess of malfi. The Machiavellian note in the play: Niccolo Machiavelli was a statesman who flourished in Florence during the years 1469-1527.His book the PRINCE was the most popular work of the time and had wide influence . His doctrine may be thus summarized: (1) One should not allow oneself to be hampered by any kind of moral considerations in the pursuit
Numerous assorted thoughts thrived during the European Renaissance which lastingly affected the world. Humanism is a perspective and an ethical reasoning that views people as of essential importance. The part of humanism initially flourished in fourteenth century Italy, and later spread north in the fifteenth century. At first humanistic thoughts regarding education were immediately embraced by the Italian high society. The Italian thoughts and attitudes towards life and learning affected honorability in different parts of Europe.
These improvements in Early Renaissance have a long-term effect on art even the ones nowadays. With the experience and techniques developed in Early Renaissance, Renaissance reached to a high time and resulted in High Renaissance and artists at that time emphasized balance and harmony of the artworks. The “leading” artists in the High Renaissance were undoubtedly Leonardo de Vinci and Michelangelo. De Vinci was talented that he was not only being famous in the field of arts, he also had enormous knowledge about science, architecture etc. as he was hooked on unlocking the secret of nature.
As we know, the Romans liked to find different ways of expressing themselves. Whether it was from elaborate paintings, or timeless architecture, Rome made sure everyone knew they were proud of who they were and what they have accomplished. Being the excessive boasters that they were, the Romans wanted a way of not only displaying their riches and fortunes, but to also show their loyalty and gratitude to the great leaders who influenced their lives. Art was usually the answer; paintings and sculpture being the most popular. Learned mostly from the Etruscans and Greeks, sculpture did not reach a high point in Rome until the 1st and 2nd centuries (Kamm, n.d.).
Essay 2 The Renaissance and the Enlightenment are two important changing point in European History where people discovered new art forms and invented the latest technology. Both the Renaissance and the Enlightenment contributed many important things to European culture. The Renaissance was a cultural rebirth through the 14th century to the middle 17th century that mainly focused on improving the arts and literature. Some of the famous artists were Michelangelo, Leonardo Da Vinci, and Raphael. These artists created beautiful pieces of art that contributed to and defined the essence of the renaissance.
It is true that the Roman military power made Latin a lingua franca to a certain limit. As J.N Adam (2013) and Bruno Rochette (2014) suggest in their writings (2013), Latin language, started to spread from the city center (Rome) to the provinces, because of its high status among local elites within Italy and nearby provinces. As the Roman Empire started to grow so did its influence in legal and political matters. Any military or official legal matters were to be conducted in Latin. As such to enforce their presence the Romans used the army, as their prime instrument to strengthen the Roman Empire.
Donatello’s David made his sculpture in such a way that he made David stand on Goliath’s head reflecting the pride in Florence as they have won the battle whereas Michelangelo’s David portrayed David as a heroic figure who is ready to fight against enemy to protect Florence against its enemies. Both the sculptures at the end gave the message inspiring the people to fight against its enemies for the rise of
Classic antiquity thinkers such as Plato, Aristotle and Vitruvius were regaining respects. Many humanists were from Florentine, Italy and this was where the Renaissance movement blossomed. They looked back to the Classical past where naturalism, realism and scientific achievement were tremendous. Humanists tend to look past or denied the
This provides scholars an insight to the importance placed on the statue. Routinely cleaned, every occasion on which this is done shows a continuation of the important cultural connotations, renewed with each shine, for centuries. Many scholars assert that to add or restore an art piece takes away from the artist’s original message, while still others argue the opposite (Mazzoni 2010: 36). For example, the Renaissance inclusion of Romulus and Remus may have detracted from the earliest meaning, but it does add new and enhanced cultural pride, and now more than ever it depicts the city’s famous founding myth. Clearly these additions have increased their visual appeal, as the lupa not only still stands today, but subsists in the form of logos for events and teams, portrayals in film, and novels (Mazzoni 2010: 79).
Napoleon was his most influential benefactor in France, “Though the actual number of French commissions remained small, the benevolence of Napoleon and of his satellites was of enormous importance on giving Canova the base of support that he needed in a Europe enthralled by Napoleon’s almost mystic power.”(P.22 Licht) During his life he was an “Italian sculptor, painter, draughtsman and architect. He was the most innovative and widely acclaimed sculptor of neoclassicism”(Oxford Art Online). Due to time period he was able to create civic and funeral monuments, portraits, mythology, sketches, and reliefs thanks to conflict going on in Europe. He is considered a neoclassic artist, however early signs of romanticism came into play. “Only the works of his early period in Venice, and a few isolated sculptures, such as the papal monuments to Clement XIV and Clement XIII and the statue of Paolina Borghese Bonaparte were exempt from this blanket judgment, because they were considered free of Neo-classical traits.”(Oxford Art Online) The Paolina Borghese Bonaparte Venus Victrix statue can be seen on lower right of page