The 1960’s and 70’s were a time of political turmoil and unrest in Canadian history. The October of 1970 in particular, is a period remembered for its violence and hate. The kidnapping of two Canadian politicians by the Front de Libération du Québec (FLQ), a terrorist group, changed Canadian society forever. The FLQ and the October Crisis ignited separatist feelings in French Canadians, changed the way the government handled national emergencies and altered Canadians’ opinions on key issues. The October Crisis is a truly significant moment in Canadian history for many reasons.
On October 5th, 1970 the British trade commissioner, James Cross, was kidnapped from his home in Montreal and this started the October Crisis. This kidnapping was done by a French Canadian Terrorist group known as the Front de Libération du Québec who wanted Quebec to be separate from Canada(Tetley 1). Three days later the Minister of Labour who was seen to be very involved in the Quebec government was also kidnapped on his front lawn(Tetley 1). During that time there were many supporters of the FLQ including politicians, workers of the press, and leaders of labor unions. All these people wanted to exchange the two hostages for members of the FLQ who had committed things such as bombings or murders.
Although, on October 13th, Prime Minister Trudeau was interviewed by CBC. This interview was talked about all over through the public, they admired Trudeau's courage, bravery, and love for his pride and country. Then on October 16th Trudeau invoked the War Measures Act. The Act allowed police searches and arrests without warrants without charges and without
A drastic approach some Quebeckers took happened during the October Crisis. It began on October 5, 1970, with the kidnapping of James Cross, a British trade commissioner in the city of Montreal, Quebec. This was carried out by a radical separatist group, Front de Libération du Québec, often shortened to FLQ. Later Pierre Laporte, the Minister of Labour, was kidnapped also. With these acts of terrorism plaguing Quebec, Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Elliot Trudeau enacted the War Measures Act.
Before, a majority of Canadians only cared about their own problems and turned a blind eye to the Holocaust, after shifting their attitude Canada helped out by sending troops to Europe in WWII. It created a shift within civil society by making them promote their organizations even more to help establish strong bonds. As stated by Professor Dominique Clément “This ‘rights revolution’ represented an important shift not only in the relationship between citizens and the state but also within civil society.” WWII really promoted change in equality and human rights by helping Canadians realize the significance of their rights and values and then fixing their mistakes to gain
Today, Canada is seen as a multicultural and peaceful nation that has evolved over the course of history. This great nation would never have been possible without the impact that former Prime Minister, Lester B. Pearson left on this country. His achievements and insights profoundly affected and shaped Canada’s nation. First, peacekeeping is an important part of Canada’s heritage and a reflection of its fundamental beliefs that Pearson implemented after dealing with world changing situations and winning a Nobel Prize. Also, his contributions as a liberal leader as well as the flaws and controversy with Diefenbaker did in fact define this country.
Shay’s Rebellion “What country before ever existed without a rebellion?” a quote from Jefferson in document C. Throughout the history of the United States many conflicts and protests have occurred. One of these was Shay’s rebellion and it was caused by the government not paying war veterans their money after fighting in the war. This made the protesters threaten the court that they are going to raid the armory and many people consider them rebels for this. Although many people thought the farmers or war veterans were rebels, nevertheless they are truly freedom fighters because they stood up for what was right, kept the government aware of needs, and were not treated fairly.
I’m not suggesting we should have been negotiating with (Mohawk) Warriors but that’s what happened.¨ This shows that the people of Quebec were so ill-mannered that they felt that the Mohawks did not even deserve to be negotiated with. Lastly, when the Mohawks were fed up with the horrible way they were being treated, they decided to fight back which resulted in violence. Since the Mohawks knew they could not do it alone, they needed to find help. They got help from John Ciaccia, Quebec's Minister of Native Affairs.
January 21,1793 began a year long of pandemonium now known as the Reign of Terror caused by King Louis XVI’s poor ruling that landed the country in debt and starvation. Fueled by the need for change, Maximilien de Robespierre started a grand revolution that would demolish absolute monarchy in 1789. The execution of the aforementioned king marked the beginning of a period where public execution was standard and tranquility vanished, or the Reign of Terror. Threats against the country were insinuated which brought about malicious methods in an effort to exterminate the threats, which, like the country itself, revolutionized the French’s ideals. The Reign of Terror was not justified.
The Reign of Terror In September 1793 to July 1794, the Reign of Terror killed over 40,000 people in France using the guillotine a machine that made it a simple way to execute a mass amount of people. The Reign of Terror was led by no other than , Robespierre. He was trying to form a new government but instead caused thousands of people to be massacred. Ultimately, The Reign of Terror in France was not justified because the threats did not require it, the methods were too extreme and It did not support the ideals of the revolution.
In what ways were Quebecois and other French Canadians affected by the war? How did this differ from the English-speaking Canadian experience? Historian Desmond Morton argued that Quebec never embraced the war in the first place. Also, French Canadians opposed conscription and internment of ‘enemy aliens’, unlike most English-speaking Canadians.
Many were scared because they had no knowledge of the bombing, they were threatened by the government. It says that they had no crimes held against them, however, they were sent away and locked up under the order of the government. They were the most public enemy with racist acts now pointing toward
Our government claims that as humans we are innocent until proven guilty, however this is not the case as we are locking up these unfortunate people upon their arrival. Human rights commission released that what the government was doing is illegal. Our nation in response focused not on the mistreatment of these innocent beings but instead asked for the resignation of the human rights commissioner, Gillian Triggs for shedding the truth of what is really
Many Canadians have a different perspective on this, either that it was justified, unjustified or that they are unsure. This was not an acceptable way to treat or teach anyone. To me, residential things should stay in the past. They were a cruel thing and did no