Four Perspectives In Psychology

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There are four main perspectives in psychology. These are known as; biological perspective, learning perspective, cognitive perspective, and sociocultural perspective. Each perspective aids in the understanding of human behavior. However, not one perspective can explain all of human behaviors. This is due to each perspective playing different roles in ones behavior. To fully understand human behaviors scientist must understand the four perspectives. The first perspective is biological. Biological perspective relates to how bodily events affect ones thoughts, feeling, and behavior. In other words it ties ones biology to ones behavior. For example, consider my husband’s behavior; he spent all afternoon going to store after store looking for…show more content…
After not being able to find the shoes he decided to go to a restaurant to have a break. He ordered a cocktail, hamburger and fries. One can ask why he ordered a full meal. Using the biological perspective one can say that he was exhausted from going to many stores and had no more energy. By him being exhausted is body relates it as also being hungry. Second perspective is called the learning perspective. Learning perspective focuses on how the environment and experiences affect ones behavior. Take my daughter for example; she struggles with staying focus on task when in her room. One can say that her environment (bedroom) has way too many stimulating things. She cannot for instant stay focused on her homework because of toys, television, and her brothering being around her. In other words she adapts to her environment and allows it to dictate what she should be doing. Next is the cognitive perspective, which ties into reason. Cognitive relates to one’s own thought process, problem solving, and reasoning skills. As a teacher this perspective is what we focus on every day. During my lesson planning the goal is to have the children do…show more content…
When it comes to the science of psychology psychologist are looking deeper into what affects ones behavior and mental health. Looking at the environment, health issues, cognitive, learning, and etc… How does everything affect the overall mental health of a person?
2. Distinguish between a theory, a hypothesis, and an operational definition.
They are all part of the second step in scientific method, designing and executing an experiment. Hypotheses come from theories. Theories are broader than hypotheses and may suggest many different hypotheses. The operational definition defines the variables in a hypothesis.
3. Explain how genes, chromosomes, DNA, and genomes all relate to one another and their importance to psychology.
Genes are the biochemical units of heredity that makes up the chromosomes; a segment of DNA capable of synthesizing a protein.
Chromosomes are threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the genes.
DNA is a complex molecule containing the genetic information that makes up the chromosome.
Genomes are the complete instructions for making an organism, consisting of all the genetic material in that organism’s
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