There are four main perspectives in psychology. These are known as; biological perspective, learning perspective, cognitive perspective, and sociocultural perspective. Each perspective aids in the understanding of human behavior. However, not one perspective can explain all of human behaviors. This is due to each perspective playing different roles in ones behavior. To fully understand human behaviors scientist must understand the four perspectives. The first perspective is biological. Biological perspective relates to how bodily events affect ones thoughts, feeling, and behavior. In other words it ties ones biology to ones behavior. For example, consider my husband’s behavior; he spent all afternoon going to store after store looking for …show more content…
After not being able to find the shoes he decided to go to a restaurant to have a break. He ordered a cocktail, hamburger and fries. One can ask why he ordered a full meal. Using the biological perspective one can say that he was exhausted from going to many stores and had no more energy. By him being exhausted is body relates it as also being hungry. Second perspective is called the learning perspective. Learning perspective focuses on how the environment and experiences affect ones behavior. Take my daughter for example; she struggles with staying focus on task when in her room. One can say that her environment (bedroom) has way too many stimulating things. She cannot for instant stay focused on her homework because of toys, television, and her brothering being around her. In other words she adapts to her environment and allows it to dictate what she should be doing. Next is the cognitive perspective, which ties into reason. Cognitive relates to one’s own thought process, problem solving, and reasoning skills. As a teacher this perspective is what we focus on every day. During my lesson planning the goal is to have the children do …show more content…
When it comes to the science of psychology psychologist are looking deeper into what affects ones behavior and mental health. Looking at the environment, health issues, cognitive, learning, and etc… How does everything affect the overall mental health of a person? 2. Distinguish between a theory, a hypothesis, and an operational definition. They are all part of the second step in scientific method, designing and executing an experiment. Hypotheses come from theories. Theories are broader than hypotheses and may suggest many different hypotheses. The operational definition defines the variables in a hypothesis. 3. Explain how genes, chromosomes, DNA, and genomes all relate to one another and their importance to psychology. Genes are the biochemical units of heredity that makes up the chromosomes; a segment of DNA capable of synthesizing a protein. Chromosomes are threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the genes. DNA is a complex molecule containing the genetic information that makes up the chromosome. Genomes are the complete instructions for making an organism, consisting of all the genetic material in that organism’s
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DNA are inside genes, and genes are within cells. In each cell, there are different genes that have certain functions depending on where the are located in the body (Page 45). Within the cells, there are genetic switches that turn on and off the use of certain genes (Page 46). These genetic switches could have played a very important role in the genes that caused the development of the fish fin. With little changes over a long period of time, these genetic switches could have been the cause of the development of the human hand (Page 47).
Matt Ridley, Author of Genome made understanding human genetic material and the method behind its mechanics easy to understand. With real life examples and situations related to how each of our chromosomes design and affect our existence. Genome offers insight to the very nature of our very beginning, with follow through to the end of our life. Meanwhile explaining how, through our genes we can live forever.
Q1A: What is the mechanism of action of colistin? Colistin is an antibiotic that works best against Gram-negative bacteria. It works by binding to LPSs (lipopolysaccrides) and phospholipids in the outer cell membrane of the bacteria. This, in turn, disrupts the outer cell membrane by displacing cations and leaking the intracellular contents, combining it with outer cellular contents, causing the bacteria to be unable to differentiate the bacteria’s intra and outer cellular contents from one another.
Each living cell in the human body has a nucleus with 23 pairs of chromosomes inside it. In each pair of chromosomes, one chromosome comes from the father and one from the mother. Each chromosome carries units of inheritance known as genes and these genes interact to create a new set of instructions for making a new person. Genes are made of a substance called deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). The DNA contains the instructions for producing proteins; it is these proteins that regulate the development of a human being.
A definition of Perspective is: a particular attitude toward or way of regarding something; a point of view. Perspectives are formed through past or present situations that have great emotional influence on a person. In Twelve Angry Men written by Reginald Rose, the twelve jurors perspectives on life, the slums, and the court system have an effect on their verdict. Oftentimes, a person’s outlook on a situation stems from influences throughout their lives. Throughout Twelve Angry Men, the jurors use their past to create a certain perspective on the murder case.
I found this Introduction very Informative. It helps students to better understand the background Information before proceeding to the most crucial elements. The Genetic Update Conference was an opportunity of a lifetime, to learn and even experience something that one day could perhaps revolutionize The Field of Genetics. Ultimately, one day we could use genetics in order to modify human DNA and become in total control on a cellular level. Things such as enhancing our vision or hearing are likely to become as common as stitching a wound.
1) Define psychology and trace its historical development. Psychology is the scientific research of the study of the human and animal behavior and mentalities. So in general the study is about how, what and why the human brain functions the way they do. As well as why mental illnesses exist.
To better understand each of those perspectives, the quote will be applied to each perspective starting with biopsychological. Biopsychology is the perspective of psychology that focuses on our brain and nervous system. This perspective also explains how biology affects our behavior and says that the cause of a behavior is our brain. Applying the quote to the biopsychological perspective would explain that the chicken would cross the road because its brain sent electrical impulses down to its feet. This caused the muscles in the chicken’s legs to propel it forward and thus cross to the other side of the road.
The Oxford English Dictionary defines ‘perspective’ as “The relation or proportion in which the parts of a subject are viewed by the mind; as perceived from a particular mental point of view”. This indicates that perspective is subjective, and therefore that all agents possess a sense of perspective. We might also infer that as perspective is defined as being from ‘a particular mental point of view’, that each of our perspectives are unique and personal, and surely have been formed as a result of our experiences up to the present moment. Perspective is crucial in allowing us to work with factual information. As human beings we are capable of not only learning and recalling a fact, but also of deriving our own opinions on it; on its validity,
There is only one approach in psychology that studies thoughts, feelings and behaviour. The biological approach believes that the way we are is due to our genetics and physiology. They believe that the activity going on our nervous system’s is what affects the way we think, feel and behave (Sammons, 2009). The physiology in the biological approach looks into how the brain functions. The brain is a very complicated machine as such, the brain is what controls our every move, every feeling and every action.
Sub point 1: So what are genes anyway? What do they do? You might think of genes as little computer programs, each designed to have a specific function. Every cell in your body has the same set of genes, but different cell types use different combinations of genes.
Psychologist view behaviorism as a more scientific point of view based on laws of learning that explains the way humans behave. Cognitivism has helped psychologist today with understating inside the brain and how it functions. A field based on Cognitivism called cognitive neuroscience has helped psychologist come up with a better view between the relationship of the brain and of thinking. On the other hand the humanistic view has little impact on science, this is because psychologist consider it a therapy. The humanistic approach has almost become universal in that psychologist establish a relationship with empathy and
The main aim of this assignment is to find out the strength and weakness, similarities and differences between the different approaches of psychology such as biological approach, behavioural approach and psychodynamic approach. I have chosen mental illness to evaluate these approach. The biological, behavioural and psychodynamic approaches of psychology are connected to the nature and nurture argument. The biological approach highly talks about nature side of the argument and states that all behaviour is biological and is treatable.