The main aim of this assignment is to find out the strength and weakness, similarities and differences between the different approaches of psychology such as biological approach, behavioural approach and psychodynamic approach. I have chosen mental illness to evaluate these approach. The biological, behavioural and psychodynamic approaches of psychology are connected to the nature and nurture argument. The biological approach highly talks about nature side of the argument and states that all behaviour is biological and is treatable. Whereas the behavioural approach is linked to the nurture side of the argument and state that behaviour is learnt from the surrounding and babies are born Tabla Rosa(blank slate) and all behaviour can be explained. …show more content…
Feud, the key innovator of psychodynamic approach claimed that adult personality is the product of innate drives (nature) and the childhood experience (nurture) . These innate drives include the structure of the personality, the id, Ego and the super ego as well as the psychosexual stages of development every child passes through, oral stage, anal stage, latency stage, phallic stage and genital stage. If the child does not pass through these processes successfully it could lead to abnormalities in behaviour. The biological approach to mental illness focuses on the physiology and medical issue that trigger the mental illness. These may involve physical illness such as infection, damage or injuries to the brain or chemical imbalances (hormones imbalance). For E.g. The high level of dopamine predetermine schizophrenic characteristics. Biological treatments often involved use of tablets, injections, electroconvulsive Therapy and surgeries. Studies have shown that the …show more content…
The biological approach has been effectively practising and treating mental disorders . Drugs therapy has been very popular among the patients and has enabled patients with mental illness to live a reasonably normal life, anti depressant and antipsychotic medications (Tablets) are popular among the patients. Behavioural approach focuses on the behaviour and looks to eliminate unwanted or maladaptive behaviour such as addictions, anxiety and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) as they believe the behaviour is learned and can be un-learned via different therapy( Counselling- directory.org.uk, 2017).. Desensitisation and reinforcement technique are popular therapy. Similarly, psychodynamic therapist uses the talking therapy (counselling) to treat people with mental illness, they listen to the patient’s feelings and talk about what had happened in their early life and try to resolve the problem they had. As the studies showed that it was effective among patient with schizophrenia. ( Malmberg,Fenton and Rathbone, 2017). Even though all these approaches have strength to certain extent they have limitation as
Curious George is a popular television show for children that address the specific developmental needs of the audience’s age group. This show was based off of the children’s book series by H. A. Rey. George is a monkey that was taken from the jungle by the Man with the Yellow Hat and brought back to the man’s home. The monkey is extremely curious and loves adventures and meeting new friends. He is the main character in this show and acts more child-like rather than a pet and in return, the Man with the Yellow Hat treats him like a human.
Psychotherapy is as effective as medication in treating depression and is more effective than medication in preventing relapse (DeRubeis, Siegle, & Hollon, 2008). Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) pertains to a class of interventions whose premise is that mental disorders and psychological distress are maintained by cognitive factors. Beck (1970) and Ellis (1962), were the pioneers Cognitive Behavioral Therapy approach of the core premise of holds that maladaptive cognitions contribute to the maintenance of emotional distress and behavioral problems. A review of meta-analytic studies by Hofmann, Asnaani, Vonk, Sawyer, and Fang (2012) examined the efficacy of CBT and it demonstrated that this treatment has been used for a wide range of psychological problems such as cannabis and nicotine dependence, schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders, depression, anxiety disorders, bulimia, insomnia, personality disorders, stress management and more studies being conducted to study its effectiveness. There is a well-established literature regarding effective cognitive behavioral therapy in treating mental health problems, specifically those utilizing face-to-face counseling.
In the Mental Health treatment we can distinguish to different approaches to patient treatment/models of treatment , firstly we have a medical model secondary we using person recovery model. Medical model in the mental health, is mostly concentrate on the treatment of the physiological aspect of illness, this model is use at the inpatients admissions, by psychiatrist overall in the clinical /medical settings. There are many definitions of term “Medical Model” suggested that it is a ‘scientific process involving observation, description and differentiation, which moves from recognising and treating symptoms to identifying disease aetiologies and developing specific treatments, some professionals also describe medical model as ‘the predominant Western approach to illness, the medical model drives the
Both nonpharmacological therapy and pharmacological medications must be used to boost the long term outcomes. Nonpharmacological treatments help with pharmacological medicines by guaranteeing that the patient stays on track with their medications. According to the American Psychiatric Association, second-generation (atypical) antipsychotics (SGAs) are the first-line treatment for schizophrenia except for Clozapine. SGAs are the best-liked over typical antipsychotics (FGAs). FGAs are connected with high extrapyramidal symptoms, which are drug-induced movement disorders such as tremors, jerky movements, and the slowness of movements.
An obstacle in the middle of developmental psychology’s advancement has stumped psychologists for many decades. Psychologists from all over the spectrum have argued this question, but with particular interest from those with a nativist view in which “certain kinds of knowledge are innate or inborn” (Schacter 5) and nurturists which believe that rearing is stronger than innate characteristics. The nature and nurture discussion has been prevalent for many years in history and has had its share of debates for decades from renowned scientists like Rene Descartes, an early explorer of the human brain (Lecture), and John B. Watson, founder of the behaviorist school of thought (Lecture). More recently, however the deliberation has been illustrated in the case of Bruce Reimer. Bruce Reimer was born with an identical twin, Brian Reimer, on August 22, 1965 in Winnipeg, Canada to parents Ron and Janet Reimer.
Although there is no such thing as an absolute cure, Shaner is correct about a Lamp model. Ayers did not need any medications nor vitamins. All he needed was a Lamp model, someone like his friend Steve Lopez. A caring companionship with another person eventually builds trust and helped Ayers change for the better. Although there is no treatment or cure for schizophrenia, a friend was more than any medications or vitamins can do.
abandoned him with his own psychopathic thoughts. Dahmer murdered his first victim during his childhood. Just after graduating Revere High School in June 1978, Dahmer picked up a hitchhiker named Steven Hicks and took him back to his parents’ house. Dahmer got the young man drunk and eventually murdered him. Aileen Wuornos, one of the most notorious female killers is responsible for killing 7 men.
Instead of attacking schizophrenia itself, treatments attack the symptoms. Antipsychotics attack the symptom of experiencing hallucinations and delusions. In addition, psychosocial therapies assist patients who are lacking emotional responses and have disorganized thoughts. Out of all the treatments available, they are common methods amongst schizophrenic patients.
Hello everyone, The chapter ‘Psychological Disorders’ is an interesting chapter to read. The chapter covers many fascinating topics making people familiar with the psychological disorders, their diagnosis and classification, perspectives on psychological disorders, anxiety disorders, mood disorder, Schizophrenia and many other disorders. According to Open Stax (2016), “A psychological disorder is a condition characterized by abnormal thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.” Psychological disorder’s symptoms affect person’s multiple life areas and also causes distress (Open Stax, 2016).
The overall goal of this therapy form is to change a persons way of thinking. It just like the conditioning experiments done by Pavlov and Skinner. If the person is exhibiting the wrong behaviors or thinking , than you try to change their thinking/behaviors into the correct behaviors. Starting as children we are forming our personalities thoughts and behaviors. We get older and some behaviors are automatic and this therapy helps us understand the reasoning behind the way we act and how to look past the automatic response.
There is only one approach in psychology that studies thoughts, feelings and behaviour. The biological approach believes that the way we are is due to our genetics and physiology. They believe that the activity going on our nervous system’s is what affects the way we think, feel and behave (Sammons, 2009). The physiology in the biological approach looks into how the brain functions. The brain is a very complicated machine as such, the brain is what controls our every move, every feeling and every action.
This is useful for their enthusiastic and mental prosperity. Psychotherapy helps one to gently move from his/her drug misuse stage into the main recuperation stage. It additionally offers one some assistance with relaxing, enhance their focus, dispose of anxiety and keep up a sound condition of body and brain. Such treatment choices incorporate yoga, Judo, contemplation, fragrant healing, needle therapy, unwinding back rubs, Pilates and different activity schedules.
Psychotherapy may help to normalize thought patterns. Also, learning to cope with stress and identify early warning signs of relapse can help people with schizophrenia manage their illness. Social skills training. This focuses on improving communication and social interactions and improving the ability to participate in daily activities.
Modern psychology now bases its theories in feasibility and replicability. The fact that most of the constructs in Freud’s theory such as the id, ego and superego cannot be tested and proven has made the theory invalid today. On the other hand, behaviorism is still very valid as its based on scientific laboratory experiments. Behaviorism has been replicated in many studies with the same results being achieved. The theory is still valid in modern therapeutic applications through behavior modification and behavioral therapy e.g flooding and shaping.