FREUD’S PERSONALITY THEORY IN LORD OF THE FLIES Sigmund Freud had once said, “The poor ego has a still harder time of it; it has to serve three harsh masters, and it has to do its best to reconcile the claims and demands of all three... The three tyrants are the external world, the superego and the id” (Freud, psychology.about.com) The idea in this quote which is recognized again and again in many movies and books, reminds of the Freud’s Personality Theory which can be seen in “Lord of the Flies”, too. Freud’s Personality theory consists of three main concepts: ego, superego and id. William Golding, the author of “Lord of the Flies”, uses those three concepts as a base when he creates the characters and the places in the book. Freud’s Personality Theory is based on the human mind and it …show more content…
As is seen in the book, every character, also every object which is used in the novel has an id in their individuality. Specifically, id shows its effects on Jack’s personage so he is the strongest reflection of id in “Lord of the Flies”. First of all, Jack’s hunting ambition represents the pure savagery because at most parts of the book, Jack’s only wish is to be able to kill a pig, it even causes the conflicts between Ralph and Jack. So, “Kill the pig, cut her throat, spill her blood” becomes one of the most catchy mottos in the book and it is also a hard evidence about id inside Jack. In addition, this curiosity affects Jack’s other habits that he used to do in the civilization, such as clearness. After the air crash, every child is clean and pure, but as the time goes on, they lose their clearness with their childhood. So, in the fourth chapter, painted faces and long hair, is directly related to cleanliness which is one of the most important symbols in the book and this quote shows connection between id and cleanliness: “He noticed
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The theme of human nature in The Lord of the Flies permeates the book through the characters, their archetypes, and the plot itself. In the first few chapters of Lord of the Flies, discrimination between characters is an example of the natural narcissism of human nature.. The most important of the characters include Ralph,
Freud’s theory breaks the psyche up into 3 elements: the id, superego, and ego. The id is said to be the most powerful part, and solely unconscious. It controls our basic drives and is demanding and has no regard for morality, rules, or order. The superego is the smallest element of the psyche and deals with ethics and provides standards for the other elements of personality to abide by. Lastly, the ego is the “middle-man” between the id and the superego, as they tend to conflict.
Jack now decides to put face paint on so he will blend in with the surroundings and look like a real hunter. “Jack planned his new face. He made one cheek and one eye-socket white, then he rubbed red over the other half of his face and slashed a black bar of charcoal across from right ear to left jaw” (63). This is allowing him to forget his morals and rational thinking. Jack now will lose all rational thought when he kills a live pig for the first time, the first time he has ever killed
In Lord of the Flies, by William Golding, the character Jack has characteristics of The ID. The ID is the part of the mind in which instinctive impulses and primary processes are manifest. Jack, displays this in chapter four when he is dancing in war paint for a religious ceremony. The author describes this event, stating, “[Jack] began to dance and his laughter became a bloodthirsty snarling”(64) Jack displays his natural instincts in this part of the story.
This futile pursuit exemplifies the double-sided spear of the id. Overall, the change in Jack’s character shows the never ending spiral of violence. In the beginning of the novel, Jack’s only goal is to hunt and kill a pig. He is “the most obvious leader”, and thrives on the need for violence(16). Jack states that he “ought to be chief”, just like the id believes it must be in control (16).
Jack’s leadership is connected to darkness and evil, including the carcass of the dead pig and the shouting for more blood and killing, foreshadowing the breakdown of the boys’ sense of civilization and order. In contrast, Ralph’s leadership illustrates faith in one another and an optimistic community, focusing on the rescue and survival of the group and creating a feeling of safety and
“When we was coming down I looked through one of them windows. I saw the other part of the plane. There were flames coming out of it”(Golding 8). The novel “Lord of the Flies” by William Golding starts with a group of boys whom their plane is shot down, as the story takes place in World War Two. The British boys are stranded on the island with no adults around.
Aggression for Progression In the novel, Lord of the Flies, by William Golding Jack’s characteristics controls the movement of the plot which contributes to the boys’ survival. Jack’s decisions, aggression, and leadership influence the occurrences on the island.
The individual influences society by what they choose to show of their identity and what their ‘Superego’ shows of the ‘Id’ portion of their brains. The influence of society alters the identity of individuals through peer pressure. In the novel Lord of the Flies by William Golding, the boys’ identities morf from civilized and structured young children to that of savages when Jack, a violent hunter and antagonist of the novel, initiates a game where a boy named Robert pretends to be a pig. The boy’s innocent play soon turns into a life threatening situation when Jack pressures the boys to make it more realistic and close in the circle.
The Id, Ego and Superego make complete sense to any person who might be interests in learning about the Psyche. Freud’s use of the psychoanalytic theory is relevant when explaining my current behaviour in regards to my past experiences that have occurred throughout my lifetime. Freud’s theory does apply to my own life as he made his theory a way to help understand and focus on the behavioural problems of the human being, and to resolve them in a way that forces me to accept my own destructive
Power and manipulation takes over people’s minds and turns us into egotistical people without even knowing and the sense of having control or authority can brainwash us into the people who we despise. William Golding fabricates his ideas around the time period 1933 after he received his English degree where he mostly wrote poems. Golding’s world consists of writing novels, pulling ideas from the real world into his own creative words on paper, this is where he developed his most famous book, Lord of the Flies, throughout 1954. The perspective of Lord of the Flies is through the eyes of the Second World War and since he was in this war, his point of view on violence changed and gave him a different outlook on society. In the Lord of the Flies
In 1923, Sigmund Freud proposed his theory that the make-up of an individual’s personality is largely governed by three fundamental components: the id, the ego, and the superego. Working through the unconscious and shaping behavior according to psychological fixations and conflicts or lack thereof, these elements evolve through five levels of psychosexual development (Freud, 1962). However, in spite of its compelling approach to the phenomenon, Freud’s structural theory of personality is riddled with limitations and as such, is subject to much criticism. The mind is layered into three states: the conscious, referring to the thoughts currently in our forefront; the preconscious, idle thoughts that can be easily accessed and brought to the conscious; and the unconscious, which houses the more instinctual drives that are repressed because it threatens the conscious’ equilibrium (Cloninger, 1996).