Generalized Seizures

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Seizures occur due to an abnormal electrical charge in the brain. There are two different types of seizures: generalized and partial seizures. They are classified as two different groups because of where and how they begin. Generalized seizures begin with an electrical charge that affects both sides of the brain at one time. Partial seizures begin with one electrical impulse that only affects a small part of the brain. Unusually low blood sugar levels, brain injuries, strokes, brain tumors, cancer, the used of drugs such as cocaine, medications and flashing lights can be the cause of a seizure. Epilepsy is a disorder in which nerve cell activity is disturbed and causes seizures. However, doctors can use several tests to determine if a person …show more content…

Bacteria, fungi, viruses and parasites cause meningitis and encephalitis. Although, meningitis can be caused by any of those four infectious causes, it is most often caused by a bacterial or viral infection. Pneumococcal meningitis is the most common form of meningitis and is a bacterial infection. The disease is caused by the bacteria called Streptococcus Pneumoniae. It can also lead to pneumonia, sinus infections and blood poisoning. Children under the age of two and older adults who have weak immune systems are at the most risk. Pneumococcal meningitis is harmful and can cause severe brain damage or ca even cause someone to go deaf. Meningococcal meningitis is the second most common form of meningitis and it is caused by the bacterium Neisseria meningitides. People at risk for this disease include infants under the age of one, people who travel to foreign countries, freshmen in college who live in the dorms and people with suppressed immune systems. Between 10 and 15 percent of the cases are fatal and 10 to 15 percent up end with brain …show more content…

These enterovirus are present in many things such as mucus, feces and saliva and are transmitted through direct contact with someone or something that is infected. The virus then enters the mouth and travels to the brain so that it can multiply there. Encephalitis can also caused by the same infections, but more than half of the cases remain undiagnosed. Most cases of encephalitis are caused by enteroviruses, herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2, West Nile virus or rabies. Herpes simplex encephalitis can affect anyone at any age but is usually seen with people under the age of twenty or people over the age of forty. Symptoms of HSE include: fever and headaches that can last up to a week, changes in behavior, seizures and hallucinations. Genital herpes (type 2 herpes), is caused by sexual interaction. Many people do not know they have the virus because there may be no symptoms or sores. For newborns, symptoms include: lethargy, seizures, irritability and poor feeding. Both meningitis and encephalitis are contagious and can be spread through contact of saliva, mucus and feces. The disease can also be spread y kissing, sharing drinks, toothbrushes, lipsticks and

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