Seizures occur due to an abnormal electrical charge in the brain. There are two different types of seizures: generalized and partial seizures. They are classified as two different groups because of where and how they begin. Generalized seizures begin with an electrical charge that affects both sides of the brain at one time. Partial seizures begin with one electrical impulse that only affects a small part of the brain. Unusually low blood sugar levels, brain injuries, strokes, brain tumors, cancer, the used of drugs such as cocaine, medications and flashing lights can be the cause of a seizure. Epilepsy is a disorder in which nerve cell activity is disturbed and causes seizures. However, doctors can use several tests to determine if a person …show more content…
Bacteria, fungi, viruses and parasites cause meningitis and encephalitis. Although, meningitis can be caused by any of those four infectious causes, it is most often caused by a bacterial or viral infection. Pneumococcal meningitis is the most common form of meningitis and is a bacterial infection. The disease is caused by the bacteria called Streptococcus Pneumoniae. It can also lead to pneumonia, sinus infections and blood poisoning. Children under the age of two and older adults who have weak immune systems are at the most risk. Pneumococcal meningitis is harmful and can cause severe brain damage or ca even cause someone to go deaf. Meningococcal meningitis is the second most common form of meningitis and it is caused by the bacterium Neisseria meningitides. People at risk for this disease include infants under the age of one, people who travel to foreign countries, freshmen in college who live in the dorms and people with suppressed immune systems. Between 10 and 15 percent of the cases are fatal and 10 to 15 percent up end with brain …show more content…
These enterovirus are present in many things such as mucus, feces and saliva and are transmitted through direct contact with someone or something that is infected. The virus then enters the mouth and travels to the brain so that it can multiply there. Encephalitis can also caused by the same infections, but more than half of the cases remain undiagnosed. Most cases of encephalitis are caused by enteroviruses, herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2, West Nile virus or rabies. Herpes simplex encephalitis can affect anyone at any age but is usually seen with people under the age of twenty or people over the age of forty. Symptoms of HSE include: fever and headaches that can last up to a week, changes in behavior, seizures and hallucinations. Genital herpes (type 2 herpes), is caused by sexual interaction. Many people do not know they have the virus because there may be no symptoms or sores. For newborns, symptoms include: lethargy, seizures, irritability and poor feeding. Both meningitis and encephalitis are contagious and can be spread through contact of saliva, mucus and feces. The disease can also be spread y kissing, sharing drinks, toothbrushes, lipsticks and
As of 2013, the number of people with MS was estimated to be over 2.3 million worldwide. ( atlas 2013) Most of the non-traumatic disabilities in young adults are caused by MS . It is considered that an interaction of genetic factors, environmental predisposition, and abnormal immune responses can be the chief causes of MS, But the exact etiology of MS is still in question . MS has been greatly studied within the recent years, but a great number of clinical challenges still remain in regard to diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment.
•The influenza infection is extremely infectious: When a contaminated individual coughs, wheezes or talks, respiratory droplets are produced and transmitted into the air, and can then can be breathed in by someone close-by. •A person who touches something with the infection on it and afterward touches his or her mouth, eyes or nose can get to be contaminated. •An influenza pandemic, for example, the one in 1918, happens when a particularly harmful new flu strain for which there 's practically no immunity shows up and spreads rapidly from individual to-individual around the world.
Several common viruses can cause encephalitis: Measles, Polio, Rubella, Varicella, Rabies, and Mumps (Encephalitis, 2012). The emotional changes of Encephalitis are changes in self concept, anxiety, frustration and anger, emotional lability, perception of emotions, and depression, commonly found in the afflicted girls (Dewar B, 2014). Therefore, making the parallels between the afflicted girls and the victims of Encephalitis clearly
Task 2 C228 V2 Breanna Bras Western Governors University An example of a communicable disease outbreak that crossed international borders is the H1N1 influenza virus, also known as “swine flu”. The H1N1 flu outbreak was originally discovered in April 2009. The first known occurrence originated in Mexico and then was detected in the United States soon after. By May 2009, the H1N1 flu virus was confirmed to have spread to a total of 39 countries including: Spain, United Kingdom, Panama, Colombia, Brazil, Italy, China, France, Korea, New Zealand, Japan, Ireland, Germany, Argentina, El Salvador, Belgium, Denmark, Australia, Peru, Norway, India, Austria, Thailand Cuba, Sweden, Portugal, Ecuador, Finland, Guatemala, Israel, Malaysia, Netherlands, Turkey and Poland ("Latest news on swine flu", 2009).
Lil' Wayne, a Grammy-winning rapper, has been open about his struggle with epilepsy. The neurological disorder, which causes recurrent seizures, has had a significant impact on his life physically, mentally, and emotionally. Physically, seizures are the hallmark symptom of epilepsy. According to the Epilepsy Foundation, seizures can cause a wide range of physical symptoms, including muscle spasms, loss of consciousness, and falls.
This may damage or ultimately kill nerve cells, and spread as the disease progresses; one of the advanced stages is that brain shrinkage may occur. Researchers are working to refine brain scan techniques to identify Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy tau deposits in living brains. They are also looking for clues in people’s blood or cerebrospinal fluid that would allow them diagnose the disease before death. A large-scale study found that concussions in adolescents can increase the risk of developing multiple sclerosis later on in life. There are hints that head trauma may also be linked to the development of many other conditions, including multiple sclerosis.
1. Introduction Absence Seizures have been a medical concern for a long time, and were first described in medical literature back in 1705 by Poupart (Temkin, 1971). According to The World Health Organization (WHO) at least 40 forms of epilepsy have been identified, and they are characterized by an abrupt and transitory synchronization of neuron activities, whose causes are not always well known. 2.
Seizures are becoming more common within classrooms. There are six different types of seizures that have their own effects on a person. Some seizures involve short periods of the student being unresponsive, and others are more intense and involve compulsion. The type of seizure that may occur one day is unknown to the person. Students with epilepsy or any other disability that causes seizures are unaware the seizure may occur, or when it will occur.
Many varying kinds of head injuries can cause epileptic seizures, or other traumatic diseases, disorders and maybe even paralyzation. The most usual form of head injury is a concussion. A concussion can cause many forms of disorders of the brain that are potentially fatal. The most common way to receive a concussion is from contact sports, such as football, basketball, hockey, and even baseball. But the most prevalent sport that causes the highest amount of concussions is in football.
Polio, or Poliomyelitis, is a contagious viral disease that in most severe cases can cause forms of paralysis, difficulty breathing and sometimes death. Polio occurs in children but those under the age of 5 years old are more likely to contract this virus than others. 1 in 200 polio infections will result in permanent paralysis. Poliomyelitis comes from the Greek word polió meaning “grey” and Latin word myelitis meaning inflammation of the spinal cord.