New kinds of foods called genetically modified organisms, also known as GMOs, has been creating a revolution in the American market for the past several years. Scientists today are able to produce new foods by transferring genes from one organism into another specie. This technique has been developed to improve the shelf life, nutritional content, flavor, color, and texture of foods. While true, people argue that Organic foods are healthier and more beneficial to the human body and the planet than GMOs. Organic foods are described to be grown in gardens, unprocessed, and unrefined.
THE BENEFITS OF GENETICALLY MODIEFIED FOOD GMO means genetically modified organisms, in this essay I will focus on genetically modified food and its benefits. Genetically modified food is genetically improved food which changes the crop or the plant to have something they don't have usually. For example it could make a crop have some nutrients the they didn't usually have or they you could make some the plant resistant to herbicides. People usually don't like the GMO because they think of it as chemicals and side effects. The genetically modified food helps the people through increase the economy, it also improves the environment and may be the health to the in habitants and the plants themselves.
An exact characteristic is created in one generation very accurately by genetic engineering. Only closely related plants can be combined during plant breeding. Genetic engineering has allowed new characteristics in important crops to improve their strong resistance to pests, their nutrition value, taste and quality (especially tomatoes), resistance to extreme weather conditions. The use of GM crops has expanded into 40 countries. FIGURE 1.2: The distribution of genetically modified foods around the world Many plant and animal species that are domesticated have been distributed around the world from the place where they’ve been domesticated.
The most common use for technology on food is to incorporate genes into crops such that they are resistant to pesticides. Farmers can then spray pesticides onto crops without fear of damaging the crop (Gasson, 2003). Traits that help to make consumers and producers better off are also inserted into GM food. For example, yellow rice helps to address blindness in children that occur as a result of deficiency of nutrients that has impacted many in developing countries (Gasson, 2003). However, environmental concerns regarding GM food have been raised.
• Another form of modified rice was generated to help combat iron deficiency, which impacts close to 30 percent of the world population. This GM crop was engineered by introducing into the rice genome a ferritin gene from the common bean, Phaseolus vulgaris, that produces a protein capable of binding iron, as well as a gene from the fungus Aspergillus fumigatus that produces an enzyme capable of digesting compounds that increase iron bioavailability via digestion of phytate (an inhibitor of iron absorption). The iron-fortified GM rice was engineered to overexpress an existing rice gene that produces a cysteine-rich metallothioneinlike (metal-binding) protein that enhances iron absorption. A variety of other crops modified to endure the weather
Genetically modifying organism (GMO) refers to the act of changing the organism gene according to the way humans desire it and in the process changing its characteristics. Humans have been modifying organisms for thousands of years. For example cabbage, kale and broccoli have the same scientific name; Brassica oleracea as they came from the same original plant that have been domesticated and been selectively bred for different characteristic until it becomes the vegetables that we recognise today. But most of the time when we discuss about GMO it refers to the act of modifying the DNA of an organism in the lab. The benefits of GMO is that it prevents community from having preventable diseases through fortifying of food.
Chances are most of the ingredients in those containers contains some amount of GMO. In fact, the Grocery Manufacturers Association (GMA) estimates that 75% of packaged, processed, center-of –the-store foods contained genetically modified ingredients. The question one may have is how this translates to socioeconomic impact to the communities. Well to answer this question, one has to know what genetically modified foods are. GM food are genetically engineered or altered, they are basically living
Discuss the benefits and drawbacks of genetically modified foods Due to the problem of food shortage, the scientists and governments try to solve the problem by investing genetically modified food (GM Food). The development of genetically modified food starts from 1994. The mature technology makes the genetically modified food common among the world. From the website of Centre for food safety (2015), there are several types of GM food are common in the market, such as corn oil, soya bean products. Genetically modified food included the shifting of DNA to another cell of plants or animals and control of the DNA of the food.
Genetically modified foods, also known as genetically modified organisms are biologically altered foods. Scientists put a desired gene from one plant, animal, or organism into another plant, in the hope that more crops are grown and have resistance to disease, drought, and pesticides. You likely have several items in your kitchen that are genetically modified that you don’t even know about. According to Livestrong.com, more than 88% of all soy, corn, squash, and cotton plants grown in the U.S. are genetically modified. Animal products like eggs, meat, and milk contain genetically modified foods, because the food fed to livestock is usually genetically modified.
Since 1982, with the help of biotech vaccines and drugs ,millions of people have been helped. But how has it changed our lives? Agricultural biotechnology uses further techniques to make production much easier and produce best quality product over the last years including plant breeding and the management of plant enemies (Sheldon Krimsky, Roger Paul Wrubel, Agricultural Biotechnology and the Environment 1996). One best example is the genetically modified soya beans which is not affected by the use of herbicides.