Globalization And Cosmopolitanism

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Globalization and Cosmopolitanism for a long time have been used interchangeably to create a sense of boundarylessness. The two words, however, are not synonymous. Globalization has a single dimension, economic globalization. Cosmopolitanism, on the other hand, is multidimensional and addresses various aspects of the social world. The multifaceted nature of cosmopolitanism has changed the history of the social worlds (Nussbaum 2008). The collapse of the world order calls the reflection on the social theories such as Marxism, interactionism, structuralism, systems theory, which appear to be outdated toady, outdated because they do not address the modern transformations in politics and social aspects of human life. These modern changes not only…show more content…
They are now making claim to language and knowledge production (Appiah 1998). From this aspect, Beck and Sznaider view universality of the modern world as representation of a period of subjugation and being separated from the designator of humanity. This argument challenges the myth about truthful knowledge, knowledge that is universal. It questions whether cosmopolitanism should be based on Western assumptions (Nussbaum 2008). One possible outcome of this process is an understanding of the social sciences and of the social and political thought that develops from this is relational, experiences of human being from different perspectives. Cosmopolitanism provides another view to draw on based analytical, normative and experiential possibilities. According to Beck and Sznaider, cosmopolitanism begins with the self. This view questions the self of the European humanism (Schiller et al. 2011). The existence of humanism relates to epistemology, ontology, methodology, emotion and…show more content…
The problem arises when the concepts found in the European experiences are used to evaluate and describe the non-western communities (Hiebert 2002). In summary, cosmopolitan turn in social sciences is multi-disciplinary. It encompasses the geography, anthropology, ethnology, international relations, political theory, sociology and social theory. The turn calls for a re-conceptualization of the social sciences. The task has however been made impossible by methodological nationalism, which has subsumed the society under the nation-state. Cosmopolitanism must not be confused with globalization. Even though they both express basic concepts of dualism, such as domestic and foreign, which have become ambiguous of late. Due to this ambiguity, cosmopolitan turn is thus necessary for understanding the global that we live toady. The methodological cosmopolitanism will open the up the horizon by demonstrating how man can make the empirical investigation of boundary crossings and other phenomena that relate to transformation

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