Arendt argues that there is no place for poverty in politics but Marx makes the point that poverty must be eliminated first so that politics can flourish. The only way to eliminate poverty is through the political system and the overthrow of the elite. As long as there is economic oppression, freedom is not attainable for every citizen. The separation of economics and freedom is unrealistic because money controls the actions of the people. The poor cannot be free to self-actualize while they are still subject to the bourgeoisie.
Marx was one of the most intelligible and perspective critics. However, the study of political sociology refer to the interrelationship between both politics and society and somehow this relationship cannot be separated between both of them or it is hard to separate between both politics and society, because they are interrelated. As a result, of this interconnection between both politics and society there is a social relationship between both of them which lead to reform in the society and make the community a better place for living within a welfare for the people. In this way, the definition of Political sociology is apprehensive with the social basis of power in all institutional sectors of society.
In a certain stage of ancient times，each people performs their own functions and share properties. It is similar to the communistic society in a way. We cannot confirm there are no religion exist in the ancient times, so Marx cannot absolutely sure that under the communistic society，religion will not exist or religion is the principle factor that obstruct the development of communistic society. Freud’s perspective is people projecting father figure on the “God”. Obviously his theory seems constructed specifically to account for those theistic religion, the nontheistic religion does not suitable for
Communism aims to pursue international domination which is what Stalin tried to do by with the Soviet Union. However, fascist leaders have interest of those only having to do with their nation. A communist society have no social classes, and this is why private ownership of property, and land are frowned upon. On the contrary, fascism is very much class based, which was demonstrated by Hitler and his view on race superiority. These goals might seem different, but the methods used to achieve these goals are really similar.
Karl Marx (1818-1883) considered himself not to be a sociologist but a political activist. However, many would disagree and in the view of Hughes (1986), he was ‘both – and a philosopher, historian, economist, and a political scientist as well.’ Much of the work of Marx was political and economic but his main focus was on class conflict and how this led to the rise of capitalism. While nowadays, when people hear the word “communism”, they think of the dictatorial rule of Stalin and the horrific stories of life in a communist state such as the Soviet Union, it is important not to accuse Marx of the deeds carried out in his name.
Another thing McPherson wrote in the book is Lincoln’s position during the war. At first, he
Lenin studied law briefly, however, discovering his zealousness of revolutionary movement he concluded to immerse himself within it. Lenin began in 1892 to study the difficulty in political change from a Marxist perspective where he established the notion of Leninism. He put emphasis on the concept of vanguard of the proletariat meaning “radical class consciousness had to be cultivated among workers through agitation by a well-organized revolutionary party” Lenin thus created a Union for the Struggle of the Liberation of the Working Class in 1895, during this period that Lenin communicated the fundamentals of Marxism. Lenin was arrested by the okhrana and sent into exile in Siberia. After his sentence was completed he established a newspaper known as Iskra ‘The Spark’ which held the main objective of addressing the peasant question.
He believes humans are evil so they should give power to one person. Contrary to his belief what makes it so sure that that person isn’t evil as well. Locke’s idea is that no human should be given power and that “no king can have claim to God’s power. His idea of government allow the people to have a say. Democracy is based of the good of the people based on various leaders.
Karl Marx (1852), a German social thinker, propounded a theory of class that is accepted by many educators and social scientists and these scholars are usually grouped together and labeled as Marxists. They have there often some disagreement among them as to Marx's definition of class because they think that there is an ambiguity in Marx's ideology towards social class. “According to them there are two modes of class exist in the society in a Marxian position. The first view is related to the objective classification of an aggregate of people with reference to their similar relation to the means of production. The second view of Marxian class is related to struggle in the society, which gives rise to a subjective but essential element in the concept of class.
The purpose of this essay is to investigate the Modernism in English literature especially in The Translator (a novel written by Leila Aboulela). Modernist literature is a major English genre of fiction writing, popular from the 1910s into the 1960s. After the end of the reign of Queen Victoria in 1901, the industrialization and globalization are increasing. New technology and the horrifying events of both World Wars (but specifically World War I and atomic bomb) made many people question the future of humanity: What was becoming of the world? Was the old world end?