Marx stated that the ruling class control all the power and use it to undermine and exploit the working class. He accepts the importance of the state but argues that the state promotes ruling classes’ interests in order to keep the wealthy pleased. Marx and Weber’s theories begin to differ on the topic of stratification also. Weber introduced the concept of ‘status groups’ which conflict with classes due to the fact that they’re based around communities. The Weberian outlook is that all societies can be divided into said ‘status groups’.
The development of thought led to the condition of the political science being a multidiscipline rooted in philosophy and theory. Despite the fact that conflicts arise, political philosophy with its revival continuously characterize an aspect of political science being value-laden. Political philosophy might have been disregarded for its conception of reflection as well as the values and even questioned for its relevance in the field. However, it is for a fact that in order for a discipline to grow, it must look back to its origin in order to find its identity and true essence. The study of politics characterized by changing theories and methods as well as the existence of political philosophy as its bedrock serves as a reminder that political science is a field not limited to the ideal conception rather, the field seeks to tackle the ideal and provide practical methods and knowledge to obtain the definition of the
The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism is a book written in 1905 by the German sociologist, economist and politician Max Weber. It is considered as one of the most controversial works of modern social science, and it is a book that provokes critical debates. The book was first published as a two-part article in 1904-05, in the Archiv für Sozialwissenschaft und Sozialpolitik of which Weber was one of the editors. The book is translated into English by Talcott Parsons, with an introduction by Anthony Giddens. Weber considered himself as a social reformer, who sought to understand how change comes about, and specifically with the transitions to capitalism and modernity.
Although they actually share some similarities, Weber’s analysis of class, change, capitalism and history differ radically from the views by Marx. Marx believed in capitalism and class conflict whereas Weber believed in rationalisation and bureaucracy. Both Marx and Weber agreed that there was many problems within modern society. Marx had an optimistic view about the future of society and he was confident that his theory would improve the lives of those in society. Weber however took more of a pessimistic view arguing that society is characterised by the process of rationalisation.
Comparison of Marx and Weber for their approach about state and society: Max Weber is one of the philosophers able to explain economic systems such as capitalism. He was born in Germany in 1864 at that time there were a dramatic change in Germany in terms of industrial so there were a transitional German period and that influenced by those changes happened. Max Weber has a specific ideology about state and society. Inconstant, Karl Marx was a sociologist who were born in Germany in 1818, his idea and ideology about state and society are revolutionary. In addition, he was influenced by the Communist party and he worked as a journalist, he wrote a number of books and articles about capitalism, state, and society.
Marx is known to be the person behind the theory of Marxism and communism and one of the most influential socialist thinkers at his time. He was a German Philosopher, Economist, Sociologist, Historian, Journalist and mostly known as a Revolutionary. Marx is basically known as the co-author of the pamphlet titled “Manifesto of the Communist Party” with his comrade Frederick Engels. On the other hand, a new religion has arisen which proclaims that History is God and Karl Marx its chief prophet. Karl Heinrich Marx was born on May 5, 1818 in Trier, Rheinish Prussia, where he received a classical education.
For example, as Karl Marx and Max Weber believed that social conflict was intrinsic to the organization of capitalistic societies, Émile Durkheim found it to be abnormal and damaging to industrial production. As well, just as Weber was cautious in terms of a revolution, Marx embraced the fast-paced movements such as collective protest as it unified the working class and defined their struggles. In conclusion, the sociologists helped reflect a concern for the consequences of modern life through their influential philosophies of the working class during industrialism, and their ideologies on the social constraints of
Additionally, Marx and Weber touched base on capitalists and the labour movement. In any event, Karl Marx had the most convincing perspectives and was who I believe to be, the most effectual theorist in relation to understanding the sociology of work. Social Fragmentation and Exploitation Two key concepts that greatly contrast one another includes Marx’s conflictual, yet realistic
Politics and popular culture: the relation Before discussion of this complicatedly simple relation, a definition of terms is needed. A simple dictionary definition of politics would be the practice of governance in a certain country or area through the establishment and management of a government. The political entity, called a state, formed in order to govern the citizens of that nation. Politics also deals with the relationship between states, such as trade, cultural exchange and peace. But perhaps the most important term in the study of politics is power, with the questions who holds it, what is it used for, and how is it manifested.