Selfishness In 'Wealth Of Nations By Adam Smith And Communist Manifesto'

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Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith and “Communist Manifesto” by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels both address selfishness and its effect on society through social and economic means. In Wealth of Nations, Smith defines wealth as the productivity of a nation and the aspects of a commercial society. “The Communist Manifesto” criticizes the idea behind a capitalist society and talks about the class struggle between the working class and the owners of the means of production. Wealth of Nations and “The Communist Manifesto” both analyze how the selfishness of people affects society, however while Wealth of Nations claims selfishness causes increased productivity and increases wages for all, “The Communist Manifesto” argues that selfishness causes injustice to appear through two dividing classes and that the selfishness of the bourgeoisie will cause a revolution in society. In the Wealth of Nations, people’s selfishness causes an increase in productivity due to specialization. Due to the need to increase production, businesses naturally create a division of labor which, “in every art, [creates] a proportionable increase of the productive powers of labour.” (CR 39). A division of labor allows factories to produce more compared to a worker operating. Specialization benefits society in three separate ways, it increases dexterity of workers, saves time for all, and causes more inventions to be created to aid workers in their jobs (CR 40). Because each worker has less steps to learn and

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