The statistics for various categories of hate crimes are totally different, for instance race is at its most high in the US with 57.1 of the cases were motivated by race. According to the National Population Demographics blacks are 28 times more likely to be victims of hate crimes than whites. Improvements in hate crime laws and punishments are necessary in order for these statics to decrease. Many people have different thoughts about hate crime statutes, most are for them and unlike the others they are against them. Today, hate crime laws are getting more enhanced day by day from all of the hate crimes that 's occurring.
The main idea that Marc Mauer was discussing during his lecture was about the American prison system needs to be fix. America has the largest prisoner population in a develop country. The main issue is that people of color has a greater chance to be in jail because the environment they were raised in. Some people of higher class have the income to help them not receive any sentences while a person of color may have a greater chance to go to jail due to the lack of access of resources. People who are send to jail they receive a harsh prison sentence because some places have a three strike system.
1. There are several factors that have led to an increase in America’s prison population. In my opinion the biggest factor contributing to an increase in prison population is drug related felonies. Drug-related felonies have a mandated prison sentence causing an increase in prison population. Other factors that lead to an increase in prison population were the Justice Model, the “war on drugs”, “three strikes and you’re out” laws, and get tough legislation.
Prison overcrowding causes destruction within prison walls, with tensions rising and separation within inmates prisons do not seem to be fulfilling their purpose of finding inmates the right help. The U.S also has an issue of spending more money on the incarceration of citizens than the education of their citizens. $70 billion a year is a lot more than this country needs to be spending on corrections, with the grand amount of money issues this country faces there are plenty of other debts to pay. It is time to reconstruct the prison system and find a better solution to this country’s never ending problem. Mass incarceration is hurting the U.S and if we do not fix the issues on the past they will continue to ruin
We have just seen that the massive increase in incarceration since the 1970s has probably produced little in the way of crime reduction. Not only has the incarceration boom failed to produce the positive consequence for which it was initiated, it has also had several negative collateral consequences that have attracted increasing attention from scholars and policy analysts (Clear, 2007; Garland, 2001; Mauer & Chesney – Lind, 2003; Petersilia, 2003; Travis, 2005;). This section examines several of these consequences. The Huge Cost of Incarceration: A first collateral consequence involves the huge monetary coat of corrections. As we have seen, corrections now costs the United States tens of billions of dollars every year.
Prison overcrowding is the escalating number of inmates incarcerated beyond the prison’s capacity. Some reasons causing the increase of prisoners are tough on crime laws and drug offenses. In this report we’ll go over the history of California’s inmate increase. The steps taken to help reduce the high numbers of incarcerated prisoners within the years. Although, it’s an open discussion within society, race has a huge impact on incarcerated prisoners, especially in drug offenses.
Research has found that the growth is not caused by more crime but by policies that send inmates to prison for longer periods of time. One of the consequences of this is the increase of older inmates in prisons. Unless dramatic changes come to sentencing and the parole policies the number of older prisoners could soar over 400,000 by 2030 posing a tremendous threat to state and federal budgets. Cost For instance, inmates over 55 are more costly than their younger counter parts because of their increased medical needs and special treatment . It has been said that inmates over 50 spend more than twice as much time at a medical facility and it is also estimated that an elderly inmates suffer from three chronic illnesses The average cost for a prisoner over 50 is 68,000 a year
If the militarization should continue, there is a possibility of a war forming, and so, the possibility another economic crash. Many countries are involved in the conflict, and the United States of America knows all too well, that wars cause a lot of problems. According to watson.brown.edu, “Between a quarter and a third of this increase in federal indebtedness is due to war spending: by the end of 2011, deficit spending on the wars had raised the ratio of debt to GDP by about 10 percentage points.” The amount of money spent on a war is so high that you could live luxuriously for a whole lifetime just off of the average amount of money spent on a
In my opinion this a ridiculous number because it is extremely high. How can almost half of the crimes committed in the United States are connected with gang activity? I believe public safety should do something about this issue because it is getting out of
Increasing population in incarceration is a main concern regarding mass incarceration. Numerous sentencing policies has changed resulting in an incline in prison population. Some have stated that transitions within our society from early to late modernity has change the way people experience things causing a different approach to the dealings with crime. Studies show that incarceration has a negative effect on ex-prisoners. They do not meet high income expectations and incarceration reduces inmate’s wages from 30-40%.