The cyclops Polyphemus effectively sets up the entire plot of Homer’s Odyssey, unleashing Poseidon’s wrath on Odysseus and consequently emerging as one of his most formidable rivals. Despite being perceived by Odysseus as an uncivilized savage and the polar opposite of a Greek citizen, it becomes evident that although the two are opposed in terms of customs, they fundamentally resemble one another when analyzed through the lens of xenia, rendering Odysseus’ worldview xenophobic. Thus, the Polyphemus episode turns into a powerful allegory for how the West has traditionally viewed people from foreign cultures that they sought to subjugate. Odysseus regards Polyphemus as inferior because of behavior that he sees as uncivilized when compared to
However, as Polyphemos attacked the ship with rock, Odysseus again made to yell back to the beast. Around him, his crew muttered, “‘Godsake, Captain!/Why bait the beast again? Let him alone!’” (Book 9, Lines 537 - 538) All the crew wanted was to get out safely.
There was no specific law which one would have to follow for the God's appeasement, sacrifices and rituals were made as offerings to appease the Gods, as well as excellence in battle, arts, and sports. The Gods were portrayed in Greek literature as possessing overtly human characteristics, and this was applied broadly, as they would quarrel with each other and often times contradict one another in what they believed or supported. Yet one rule was clear, revenge was completely unjustified in Greek mythology and literature. This was because of the belief that revenge was inter-generational and that the thirst for revenge would never be
The lustful idol love, but not the love of God only the love of man. They worship others humans for their bodies and love, yet are never truly satisfied. Dante talks to the lustful who tell him “Love, that exempts no one beloved from loving, Seized me with pleasure of this man so strongly, That, as thou seest, it doth not yet desert me; Love has conducted us unto one death;”(Inferno 5:101-104). As this quote explains love can seize anyone, not let go and drag them to hell. These and many more examples of idols are frequent in Dante’s Inferno.
After defeating the Cyclops and heading back out into the sea he stood on his ship mocking the Cyclops. When escaping the cave he chose the wooliest ram for himself which shows selfishness. He also leads his men into their own fates. Circe had warned Odysseus about Scylla to not try and fight her even when she already has six of his men, but he did not listen to her advice and tried to fight her and lost three more of his men. Once back to Ithaca there were many suitors insulting him, his wife, son, house, and the gods and begging for Penelope’s hand in marriage.
He even gets the negative attention of the sea god, Poseidon. Eventually, Odysseus and Telemachus reunite back home in Ithaca and they kill the suitors who were trying to take over their home and marry Penelope. Odysseus and Penelope reunited as well and at the
This Juxtaposition between the words "misfortune" and "excellent musician" grants the reader knowledge that human excellence is bound to lead to envy towards the gods. Being a good musician should be positive; nevertheless, it is proven to be negative because of Apollo's knowledge of Marsyas' excellence. This quote also provides foreshadowing because Apollo is stated to brook no rivalry meaning, he will probably get rid of Marsyas for rivaling his own talent. After Echo deceives Hera, she is given a large sapphire ring by Zeus.
Possibly the most memorable quote is when Odysseus reveals his name to Polyphemus after having stabbed the cyclops in its eye. This shows Odysseus’s arrogance, and sets up the whole story for the rest of his conflicts. “When they had made fast the running gear all along the black ship, then they set up the mixing bowls, filling them brimful with wine, and poured to the gods immortal and everlasting but beyond all other gods they poured to Zeus’ gray-eyed daughter” (Book 2, 430-433). This was when Telemachus was leaving Ithaca to go to Pylos and see Nestor. They made an offering to Athena, ironically while she was in the ship disguised as Mentor.
The Greeks could have been punished by a natural disaster or an unleashed evil from the underworld. Zeus’s power was so influential as described by Hesiod, “for easily he makes them strong and easily he brings them low” (Works and Days lines 3-7). The fear of Zeus’s strong authority and ability to induce these terrors on the Greeks must have played a strong role in how they responded to Zeus’s sexual escapades. In addition, aside from their religion the Greeks, as humans, recognize the realistic quality of their lives and are aware of the uncertainty they endure. Despite their optimism they are cautious of, “ the horrible disasters that a vindictive god or fate may dispense at any moment” (MLS p. 141), which are quite possible concerns for the mortals.
In the Odyssey, there were many gods/goddess’ that affected Odysseus. Though there were some in particular that stood out. The Odyssey is a story about a hero named Odysseus, who must go through many challenges; just to get home to his wife. In this essay, it will talk about the three gods/goddess’ that affected Odysseus the most. Them being Hermes, Poseidon, and Athena.
Mythologies, although depicted in different ways, are a part of every culture. Every mythology has stories of their heroes and how they came to be. Usually heroes come into this world unnaturally and strangely. Heroes have their tales of incredible quests they are sent on, like fighting horrific monsters and solving complex puzzles. Eventually heroes die, whether out of heroism or stupidity.
Without the female characters in The Odyssey, there would be no story. Because women like Athena play such an important role in developing the book. The Odyssey by Homer, written in the 8th century and speaks about the main character Odysseus; a veteran of the Trojan war. He begins on a long journey where he meets many other characters who help him with his overall goal of returning to Ithica after 18 years. Women play a very momentous role in the journey of Odysseus throughout The Odyssey.
There are many gods and goddesses present in the epic simile The Odyssey. However, there are four in particular that influence Odysseus and his men along their protracted, arduous voyage home to Ithaca. Among these four influential characters are, Zeus, Athena, Helios and Poseidon. These Greek gods and goddesses represent different symbols that appear in The Odyssey on more than one occasion; for example, the olive branch or the sun. The symbols are strategically placed in The Odyssey so that readers can recognize the presence of a specific Greek god or goddess.