took many actions to achieve civil rights. One of the most famous protests was the Montgomery Bus Boycott which started because Rosa Parks got on a bus in Montgomery and she was asked to give up her seat for a white person and when she refused, she got arrested. (www.biography.com). After she was arrested, the head of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) met with Martin Luther King Jr. to talk about the bus boycott. The NAACP decided that Martin Luther King Jr. should be the leader of the civil rights movement because he was young, well-trained, and he had few enemies because he was new to the civil rights movement.
The Greensboro Sit-Ins were a series of protests led by four young black college students that were committed to equality in civil rights. What Were the Greensboro Sit-Ins? There was one influence that sparked a whole civil rights movement in the 60’s. There was a large civil rights struggle before and during the 60’s. Woolworth’s lunch counter was where it all changed.
Bimbi showed Malcolm the value of education, which caused him to learn and study English and Latin. Then one day, his brother, Reginald, gave Malcolm the idea to join the Nation on Islam and become a Black Muslim, a group that was founded by Elijah Muhammad. After being in prison for seven years, Malcolm was granted parole. While on parole, he moved to Detroit to live with his brother Wilfred. Then inspired by the Black Muslims, Malcolm Little changed his name to Malcolm X, which represented the lost name of his African ancestors.
Emmett 's case became representative of the disparity of justice for blacks in the South.The 1955-56 Montgomery Bus Boycott, a protest against segregated public facilities in Alabama, was led by Martin Luther King Jr. and lasted for 381 days. The main goal was to end racial segregation and discrimination against the blacks , and to also secure legal recognition and federal protection of
To reach their goal, they planned to gather protesters and conduct non-violent protests all over the United States. Because King was a part of this Conference, he encouraged African-Americans to fight for their rights. One example being the “sit-in” movement in Greensboro, North Carolina. Many African-American students “would sit at racially segregated lunch counters in the city’s stores. When asked to leave of sit in the colored section, they just remains seated, subjecting themselves to verbal and sometimes physical abuse” (Martin Luther King Jr.).
Boycotts were a huge piece in the puzzle of the Civil Rights Movement; the African Americans used multiple strategies to earn their rights. Buses were used commonly in 1940-1960, and people would use the buses everyday to travel to work. Both white and black people rode the bus in the morning and after work, but that wouldn’t be possible without a hint of segregation. Black people sat in the back of the bus, while whites had the privilege of sitting in the front. As an act of defiance to this unjust situation, African Americans decided to boycott the bus companies by walking to work and avoiding riding the buses in any way possible.
Sometimes painful situations, for example, the death of his grandmother, will make you a stronger person in life and it will motivate you to try to change the world for the better. His junior year of high school he and his teacher were going back home from Georgia when the bus driver told them to give their seats to white passengers, at first he refused but his teacher was able to convince him not to break the law. King, who led the bus boycott, was arrested which concluded with a case that ended racial segregation in all buses. On March 1963, he delivered his “I have a Dream” speech. He talked about how he dreamed that one day “the son of a former slave and the son of a former slave owner” will be able to play together, he also stated that one day he hopes that his children “will not be judged by their skin color but by the content of their character.” His speech was able to end the racial segregation in public
Montgomery Bus Boycott The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a crucial part of the Civil Rights Movement. Lasting from December 1, 1955 to December 20, 1956, it was a time of protesting against the public buses to end racial segregation. It took over a year but the U.S. Supreme Court finally decided to make the segregation of city buses unconstitutional. This was not only a victory for the people of Alabama, but it also led to more participation in activism and civil rights movements all around the country. It allowed certain people, like Martin Luther King to rise and become a figure of hope.
Soon more and more white people started boarding the bus, the bus driver told all the black people sitting in the middle row to go to the back. They all got up except for Rosa. She didn’t back down she sat there the whole way home. In the chapter, “Twenty years gone, and I am back again” of the Odyssey, Odysseus shows bravery while planning to come back home with his son Telemachus, “If they make fun of me in my courtyard, let your ribs cage up your spring heart, no matter what I suffer no matter if they pull me by the heels, or practice shots at me to drive me out. Look on hold your anger” (Homer 900).
In December of 1941 when Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor Jackie enlisted in the U.S. Army (Hillstrom 135). Jackie was a assigned to a segregated unit at Fort Riley in Kansas (Hillstrom 135). In 1943 he became a lieutenant (Hillstrom 135). When Jackie was in the army, he faced many charges from multiple officers (Lorber). Jackie was on the bus once when the bus driver ordered Robinson to move to the back of the bus, so a white officer could sit (Hillstrom 135).
The social and cultural movements of the 1960s began to upset the traditional “norms” of gender constructs, family and social structures, racial biases, and portrayals of white suburbia that existed in the 1950s. In February 1960 black college students in Greensboro, North Carolina sat in on a “white’s only” lunch counter, as similar sit-ins began to happen in other southern cities as well. In 1961 the Freedom Rides which supported integration in transportation, began taking place on buses. In August 1963, men and women gathered in Washington DC for a “March on Washington” where they called for freedom, justice and equality, and expressed concerns over minimum wage and unemployment. In the mid-1960s when the new focus of the civil rights movement was about black power, there were other groups out there that were not happy with the other reforms that were already in place.
The Civil Rights Movement takes place in the 20th century from 1955-64. After Rosa Parks did not give up her seat and was arrested for not obeying the Jim Crow laws, a bus boycott was led by Martin Luther King Jr. Later some sit-ins started happening around the state of Alabama, and soon the start of the Civil Rights Movement. Some of the leaders of the movement were Bayard Rustin, Andrew Young, James Framer, John Lewis, and Marin Luther King Jr. The movement started because they wanted equal rights for all people; it was diverse which meant people from different age groups, gender, and ethnicity were welcome to participate. “During the 1950s and 1960s, African American, along with people of other racial groups within the United States, embarked