Literature Used in the paper
Due to the reputation of Herbie Hancock, there are publications about him, ranging from books, journals, interviews to dissertations. Topics of these literatures cover almost everything about him from Herbie Hancock to his language of music. Johannes Wallmann’s The music of Herbie: Composition and Improvisation in the Blue Note Years (2010) deals with improvisation and composition style of Herbie Hancock’s Blue Note recordings in the 1960s. John Opstad’s The Harmonic and Rhythmic Language of Herbie Hancock’s 1970s Fender Rhodes Solos (2009) examines Hancock’s Fender Rhodes solos to figure out how he used electric keyboard as a main instrument. Kevin Fellezs’s Between Rock and A Jazz Place: Intercultural Interchange …show more content…
Jazz, in nature contains many characteristics of black people because its origin was from an African music. When we talk about jazz as a black music, the black here refer to African-American. African music is characterized by collective performance as a musical element. Several people played together and danced and enjoyed music. That's why rhythm play was more important than melody in Jazz eventually in Hancock’s music.
Not to mention, jazz music had been struggle against society. The 1960s and 1970s’s black power movement influenced on jazz musicians and Hancock was not an exception. That’s why sociological factors influenced on Hancock’s styles, sounds and messages in songs or albums.
In Musical Borrowing, Dialogism, and American Culture, 1960-1975 (2006), Berry suggests that “Watermelon Man” (1973) from Hancock’s album Head Hunters (1973) shows evidence of mixing African-American culture with traditional African music (Berry,2006, p.168-169). This song begins and ends with musical style of the Ba-benzele people of central Africa by refining African sounds into contemporary funk music. Berry also states that Hancock’s album Mwandishi (1971) was created by working with black activist James Mtume and giving himself the Swahili name, “Mwandishi” which means a composer to show that his advocacy toward Black nationalist …show more content…
By this interconnectivity with different cultures, Fellezs states that Hancock newly defined his relationship to blackness and re-imaged black identities
In Herbie Hancock’s Head Hunters: Troubling the Water of Jazz (2000), Pond uses “a web of affiliation” to show how much Afro-American culture affected to the creation of the album Head Hunters. According to “a web of affiliation”, Hancock’s music is a product of interconnectivity with a variety of facets surrounding Hancock such as Black Arts movement, electronic instruments, master marketing plan at a major music label and etc. Pond concludes that Hancock’s legendary funk jazz album “Head Hunters is a gesture toward funk and through funkiness toward Africa”. (Pond, 2000, p. 131)
Apart from the Afro-American culture, Herbie Hancock was also a pioneer in accepting contemporary cultural phenomena. In The Music of Herbie Hancock: Composition and Improvisation in the Blue Note Years (2010), Johannes argues that Hancock’s mega-hit song, Rockit (1983) was the first pop hit track to adapt the “scratching” recording method only used in emerging rap music at that time (Pond, 2000,
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In this paper, I plan to examine the influences that Miles Davis had on jazz. Starting with the bebop era, when his career first began, to his final collaboration released following his death. While in school Davis had learned how to play the trumpet, and following graduation he attended Julliard in New York. However, he dropped out of Julliard in 1945 in order join one of bebop’s pioneers, Charlie Parker. It was
Essay question 1. Starr and Waterman note that “the use of encoded, or hidden, meaning in the blues has its roots in many earlier genres of African American music.” These coded messages often take the form of referencing local landmarks (i.e., “where the southern cross the dog”) and sexual references (i.e., “That Black Snake Moan”). How do these traditions continue to impact popular music?
Mark Tucker was a professor, a pianist, and an expert on Duke Ellington’s life and his career. He taught at the Columbia University from 1987 to 1997 and the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia from 1997. His scholarly works included Ellington: The Early Years that was published in 1991 and The Duke Ellington Reader that was published in 1993. He was also the co-author of the book Jazz From The Beginning with Garvin Bushell. Tuker organized the article with Ellington’s Early Years, On the Road, Later Year, Composer, Arranger, Songwriter, Bandleader and Pianist, and the Ellington Legacy.
He considered his music part of the category of American Music and he devoted his life to music to give new meaning to the field (Pbs). Organization of the paper: This research paper is based on the notable personality of Ellington.
Baldwin 's "Sonny 's Blues" and Hurston 's “How it feels to be Colored Me" both take a captivating look at how jazz music portrays such an important role in the lives of these characters and their journey through unyielding times of change. In this essay, I will be dissecting the lives of Sonny from “Sonny’s Blues” and Zora from “How it feels to be Colored Me” and the significance that jazz music has played in each of their lives. James Baldwin 's "Sonny 's Blues" begins with the narrator on the subway reading his brother 's name, Sonny, splashed across the morning paper. It had been heroin that got Sonny arrested. Throughout sequins of cascading events, the narrator and his brother Sonny will reveal the differences between the two of them.
One of the foremost important 20th century terms, “politically correct”, was born out of need for humanitarians, politicians, and the like to better organize the wide variety of ethnicities, cultures, and religions into groups that are true and non-offensive. So, it has often crossed my mind that maybe the name of the Gypsy Jazz style isn’t quite politically correct; the name Romani is the preferred name of the people once considered to be “gypsies.” After all, that term has been used as a slur by people who think of the Romani as inferior, we use Hot Club Swing and Manouche Jazz that are much less discriminatory names for the style anyway. We’ve use the slur and Romani culture for our amusement and to capture the attention of audiences who
In the 1920s and 1930s, a large movement of art and literature took place in the city of Harlem. Many African American authors express their thoughts and ideas through anyway possible. Whether it be music, art, or literature, its impact gave the African Americans a new place in society. One composer of music was very influential to all people. His name is Duke Ellington.
We all know that the power of the Black community in America came from deep in their soul. Their strength and will to fight segregation , and their love can be felt in the civil rights movement. Their ability to express their minds in a non- violent way connects to the soul music that James Brown created. James Brown’s music was a mixture of R&B and gospel. Which in a way connects to what Dr. Martin Luther King was trying to do during the civil rights movement.
American Writer and Musician, James McBride has written multiple books and has voiced his opinions in magazines as well as newspapers. In this particular essay, which appeared in National Geographic in 2007, he talks about how hip-hop has influenced the world and how he realized that he has missed an important part of his life. There are many rhetorics used in this essay, -“Irony, Metaphors, Hyperbole and Allusions. ”- are some of the more notable ones. While talking about his biggest nightmare, a feeling of disjoint comes into his mind, “It is no longer…hip-hop planet.”
[the black musician] improvises, he creates, it comes from within” (Gerard 28). Despite Malcolm X’s criticism of the classically-trained musician’s inability to improvise, the European-influenced creole musicians began to learn to create variation within ragtime’s syncopated form. Likewise, blues musicians adopted parts of the genre of ragtime and implemented it into their call-and-response based music. The merging of these two styles of music occurred as a result of external socio-political pressure of Jim Crow segregation, but ultimately helped establish an innovative and swinging genre of jazz
In the 1920s the African American was starting in earnest to place his or her stamp on American culture as a whole. It is in the era the seeds of revolution were planted that would bear fruit in the Civil Rights era of the mid 20th century. As the African Americans in New Orleans did make jazz the African Americans in New York and Chicago made Jazz what it is today and it helped many people see that what they live in is not what the have to stay
In life, there are few things as organic as jazz music. With its raw sound and scrappy roots, one cannot help but feel life head-on whilst witnessing players produce such a sound right before their eyes. Its origins and arch are a product of the United States’ national culture and identity. Jazz exists not only as a deeply rooted form of art but as a cultural marker, particularly during its commercial peak in the first half of the 20th century. Its impact transcends borders, and it is one of the most beloved musical genres worldwide.
Roy’s article about “‘race records’ and ‘hillbilly music’” also supports Frith’s claim against homology. In Frith’s article, he claims that homology is incorrect and that, instead, the musical aesthetic process goes in reverse: “Social groups…only get to know themselves as groups…through cultural activity, through aesthetic judgement.” (Frith 111). This directly opposes the idea of homology.
Jazz as an art form has a rich history as one of the first indigenous American musical styles. Born in the south, Jazz was a way for African American’s to express themselves musically in a time of suppression, and its differences from the music at the time would change music culture forever. Jazz would often discuss the plight and struggles of African American’s lives through slavery and oppression. Over the years, it has adopted many different forms and styles through creative genius of such as Miles Davis, John Coltrane and Louis Armstrong amongst other legends. Their influence and character that they introduce into jazz has transformed and modernized it over the many decades that followed.
1. Scansion and Analysis The Harlem Renaissance was a period of revolutionary styles of music, dance, and literature that presented the hardships and culture of African Americans. The “Trumpet Player,” by Langston Hughes portrays the theme of the therapeutic effects of music through the development of an African American trumpeter’s music. The free verse poem “Trumpet Player” epitomizes the Harlem Renaissance and Jazz through the unique use of inconsistent rhymed and unrhymed lines mixed with the use of colloquialisms.