He often abandons his god-given duty, therefore making him impious. After encountering troubles on his odyssey, he strays away from a dutiful, pious mindset and considers the men who died at Troy “Triply lucky” (I.134). He even goes so far as to say, “Why could I not go down… and lose my life on Ilium’s battlefield? (I.137-9). Later, while tarrying in Carthage, he succumbs to Dido’s will and aids in the construction of her city. It takes a god to get him back to the mentality of following the immortals’ task given to him.
He fights to the best of his abilities against many monsters such as Polyphemus, Circe, and the sea monster Scylla. There has been many claims that Odysseus isn’t hero because he lets his crew die. Just because his crew didn’t survive, it certainly does not mean he isn’t a hero. He tries his very best and even test his limits in order to get him and his crew back home. An example of this is in Homer’s
Odysseus believes that his words are final and his actions are always right and just, but he often lets his ego take over his rational thinking, causing harm to his crew and tampering with the gods’s plans. His team could have returned home safely for it is the wish of Athena and the other heavenly gods who sit next to her in Mount Olympus, but Odysseus takes it to himself to anger and blind Polyphemus, the monstrous son of Poseidon, loved by his father but hated by the people, thus sabotaging their entire plan. After being blinded by the heroine, Polyphemus throws giant pieces of rocks at Odysseus's ship, almost destroying them all at once. But instead of retreating for safety, Odysseus continues to taunt Polyphemus and “[calls] out to the cyclopes again, with [his] men hanging all over [him] begging him not to”(Book 9, 491-492). His sense of pride and arrogance makes him neglect the pleas of his men even in these dire situations.
Laertes is his father, and he makes his home on Ithaka" (9.500-505). Odysseus’ inability to control his hubris and be considerate about the lives of his crew validate the idea that he isn’t an admirable hero. His lack of selflessness and humility drives him to make flawed judgments. This deprives him of the title of an epic hero because his tendency to take unhealthy risks causes him to delay his trip back to his homeland of
Odysseus is tempted by the land of the Lotus-Eaters he desires all that he can benefit by raiding their home. Homer writes, “Then I sent out two picked men and a runner to learn what race of man that land sustained”(92-93). In line 94 Odysseus then learned that his decisions were made in vain, because Odysseus’ men “.. fell in soon enough, with the Lotus-Eaters,” Odysseus took his pride from defeating Troy and turned it into arrogance. This then created problem with Odysseus and his crew and their ability to get back home. One would think that Odysseus would not run into a conflict like he had already endured, but as stated in lines 458-459 Odysseus didn’t learn.
To this the rough shout they [other cyclopes] made a sage reply: 'Ah well, if nobody has played you foul there in your lonely, we are no use in pain given by great Zeus.'" (IX 444-447). Odysseus was clever not to give the cyclopes his real name because, he knew if he did the other cyclopes would recognize him and try to go after him. Instead he stated that his name was Nohbdy. This was also a clever move on Odysseus' part because when the other cyclopes asked who stabbed him it would sound like he was saying nobody instead of Nohbdy.
He gives the peroration before the slaughter and calls out their traits and actions that he once had early on in the Odyssey, so this speech is what shows the change within himself. He no longer arrogantly seeks glory or forsake others or the gods for his own sake, like all archetypal Homeric heroes. His heart and mind now are focused on the sake of his wife, son, and kingdom and claiming what is his by right. So he must vanquish the evil that stands in his way and wants to eliminate them and punish for their contempt of the gods and breaking the rules of Xenia as he once had done. Odysseus brings upon his wrath on the suitors, who are much like the younger Odysseus in the earlier tales, which is the easiest way to see that he has changed because he now looks down upon those who have done what he use to be proud
After composing a clever plan, Odysseus defeats the bloodthirsty monster and just as he is about to leave, his hubris gets the best of him and he begins to call out to Polyphemus mocking him, “If someone asks who did this, the name is Odysseus!” After Odysseus has finished mocking him, Cyclops cries out to his father, Poseidon to never let Odysseus get home. This results in Poseidon making Odysseus’ journey much longer. The events that transpired could have all been avoided if Odysseus wouldn’t have let his hubris get in the way. His actions were the reason his journey was prolonged because if he would have just left as he was initially planning to, he would have gotten home a lot sooner.
With his son Telemachus unable to do anything against the mass of suitors Odysseus takes another step on his hero cycle with assistance from Athena. Athena is odysseus biggest
He showed leadership when he stopped his men from eating Lotus fruit, which was not good for them. He also shows strength when Antinous throws a chair at his back, but he was not fazed. Lastly, he shows off his strategic qualities by lying to the Cyclops about his boat being destroyed, so the Cyclops could not harm it. While heroes are made to make sacrifices and take risks, Odysseus fulfills his expectations as a great
Our Quester: a young man, very arrogant and shrewd, a very hungry glory-seeker which gets in his way sometimes, and not to old to learn from his mistakes. A Place To Go: He must return home to Ithaca after the Trojan War but he is delayed by the wrath of the Greek God Poseidon. Zeus reasons that he be able to return to his home and sends the goddess Athena to help the quester. A stated Reason To Go: The Greeks have won the Trojan War and are ready for their journey home Challenges and Trials: First, he is detained on the island of Ogygia by the nymph, Calypso, who has fallen in love with him but after persuasion from Zeus she reluctantly lets him go.
Odysseus is not a hero because he stabs Polyphemus in the eye and blinds him. Odysseus is still a hero because he is a leader. Moreover, after Odysseus and his men fight the Cicones, he orders ¨Back and Quickly! Out to sea again!” (Homer 984).
A Spirit of Adventure In order to accomplish his goals, one needs to have a strong will and determination. Homer’s epic poem, The Odyssey, tells the story of Odysseus, who has to overcome many obstacles and distractions in order to return to his beloved homeland. His ten-year journey home becomes the longest and greatest of his life. In his poem, “Ulysses,” Alfred Tennyson writes of a man named Ulysses who is getting older, and is looking back on his past adventures.
Odysseus’ speech to Nausicaa in Homer’s epic poem The Odyssey highlights the wit of his dialogue with his hidden meaning, respect for the gods, and cautious behavior. Odysseus is always on his toes when talking to anyone. He always seems to find a plan to get his way. When Odysseus is talking to Nausicaa he is thinking about what he needs.