In fact, it is a misconception that the majority of people in India speak Hindi. Though many people speak Hindi in India, 59 percent of India residents speak something other than Hindi, according to The Times of India . Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil and Urdu are some other languages spoken in India . Sanskrit, an ancient Indo-European language usually referred to in action movies, came from Northern India. How the language started has been a point of argument amongst linguists.
Watching Indian movies you will probably pay your attention on the wide usage of the English vocabulary in the original script, as sometimes the percentage can be like 70 (Hindi )/30 (English). Isn’t impressive? But maybe this fact can stay as a good sign for understanding that Hindi is overlap by English and soon can take the second linguistic position among the society? Anyway, now Indians don’t worry about losing their identity because they have a strong historical background and unique culture and they use English as the first language for improving international relationship. It is also the second language for many who speak more than one language in India.
Formerly they learnt it first and then used it, if possible. • Now students have realized the importance of English as far as higher education is concerned. • India has two official languages – Hindi and English. So English is taught as a second language. English is now no longer only a subject.
In addition to the 18 languages recognized by our Indian Constitution as major languages four more are recognized by the Sahitya Akademi for their impact in literature. Abundant literary output is left to be relished from all these languages which in turn demand a common forum. A constructive forum to study and understand the ample sources under one roof is the quest of many comparative scholars and writers in India. Sivasankari, a prominent novelist in Tamil has started her long sixteen year old mission to unify India through her work “Knit India through Literature”. Her project hopes to introduce Indians to other Indians.
They include speakers from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and worldwide. English was brought to India by the British in the seventeenth century. After India got its independence in the year of 1947, English was accepted as one of the 15 official languages in the constitution that can be used in the government communications and taught in the school system. Present Contrastive analysis takes in to consideration primarily the phonologies of
Today Urdu is the national language of Pakistan and also an important co official language of India. It can be rightfully said that Persian art and culture amalgamated with the Indian art and culture through the combined usage of both the languages. 5. MUGHAL’S INFLUENCE ON INDIAN FOOD AND COOKING: The development of Mughlai cuisine which is still relished by the Indian population is another one of a trace left by the Mughals. They had a deep and fundamental effect on Indian cooking.
Indian people’s way & style of living so called culture of India differs from place to place within country though languages are many but still there is co-ordination religions living in harmony dance varies according to state traditionally music stands as per epic architecture magnificient,old enough to stumble people’s thoughts, food could differ with customs but there is an amalgamation of several cultures, all over the country spanning over millions of years for millions of people . diverse cultures is mainly based on religion , yoga & tasty indian cuisine having an edge around the globe. Among hinduism, buddhism, Jainism & Sikhism in the present era hinduism and Buddhism stands with over 2 billion followers proclaiming to be the
Whereas (Graddol, 2010) quoted that, “The place of English in India cannot be understood without simultaneously understanding both the local detail and the bigger national picture”. On the contrary English language has emerged as a global language, there are various countries emphasising on teaching English language as basic skill to the youth to prepare them for the civil society of twenty first century. English is considered as lingua franca and provides many advantages to its speakers. As per Graddol (2010), there are three main drivers of English in India, a) Education, b) Employment, and c) Social mobility. All three are interlinked and inter-dependent.
India is a land where people of different religions and cultures live in harmony. This harmony is seen in the celebration of festivals. India is famous for the wide range of exuberant festivals that take place throughout the year, including Diwali, Ganesh Chaturthi, and Holi, to name a few. Vedas and Upanishads are the holy books of Hinduism. While in India Hinduism teaches meditation, yoga and ascetic practices to cultivate self-discipline and unity.
The story of the India novel in English is really the story of an altering India. Indian English novels have come quite a long way from the sheer use of English language to the authentic means for expressing one’s ideas, thoughts, concepts and imagination. There was a time when education was not in growth and speaking English was needless. It has attained maturity, but it is not that it rapidly emerged from nowhere. It has had its phases of development.