Patroclus’ aristeia is cut short when he is brutally murdered by Hector, after Apollo’s intervention in the battle. When the news of Patroclus’ slaughter reaches Achilles, he finds himself suddenly responsible for much of the bloodshed--and the death of his best friend. He can no longer ignore the consequences of his fury, and mourns Patroclus, “the man [he] loved beyond all other comrades,” before armoring himself and preparing to reenter the battle (18.95). Although Achilles’ superhuman skill in battle proves a major asset to the Achaean forces, he cannot reverse his actions, and cannot bring Patroclus back to life. Achilles now has nothing to do but choose his own fate, and fight brutally until he either leaves the battle and achieves nostos, or kills Hector and achieves kleos, while also sealing his own fate to die in the war.
In Homer’s The Iliad, epic hero Achilles serves as an example of how rage, when unchecked, leads to disastrous repercussions. Achilles, though nearly superhuman in his physical abilities, struggles repeatedly to contain his anger. Throughout The Iliad, as Achilles’ fury compounds, the consequences of his actions become catastrophic, eventually leading to the death of his best friend, Patroclus. Although Achilles ultimately chooses to avenge Patroclus’ death and achieve his own kleos, or honor, his rage-driven actions lead to the death of many Achaean soldiers, and change the course of his fate. Agamemnon’s taking of Briseis enrages Achilles and spurs him to remove himself from the war, leading to a massive death toll in the Achaean forces.
I think ultimately anger is what lead to Achilles downfall. When Achilles finds out that Hector has killed his dear friend Patroclus, Achilles becomes very anger and vengeful. The only thing on Achilles mind is killing Hector. Achilles is so angry at Hector that he only thinks about killing him and getting revenge. Achilles anger takes over his body and nothing can stop him from getting to Hector, not even the gods.
Throughout Book 22, Achilles tries again and again to chase down and kill Hector, and is finally able to do so. Before he actually kills Hector, he tells him “I wish my stomach would let me cut off you flesh in strips and eat it raw for what you’ve done to me” (Iliad, Book 22, 384-86). Shortly after Achilles allows the Greeks to stand around and continually stab the corpse of Hector. However, not even this brutality satisfied Achilles. Eventually, he ended up completely disgracing Hector’s dead body in front of all of Troy, tying him up to a chariot and dragging him around, being “defiled in his own native land” (Iliad, Book 22, 449).
Homer’s The Iliad has a constant theme of death all throughout the epic. Each main character was either severely wounded or killed in combat resulting in a gory end. For example, Sarpedon had a spear thrown through his heart and Hector was speared in the neck by Achilles, then dragged on the back of a chariot from Troy to the Achaean’s camp. Everyone has their own fate that they can't escape. Out of all the deaths, one of the most prominent and important one was the death of Patroclus, Achilles’ best friend.
The epic poem, The Iliad written by Homer shows the conflicts and events that occurred between the Greeks and Trojans during the Trojan War. Among both sides there are warriors who follow a distinct code, known as the heroic code. This Heroic code helps portray the characteristics of the warriors and their perspective on war. This distinct code is composed of many elements such as arete, acceptance of fate, honour, excellence in war, leadership, courage and power. These traits are shown within the main warriors, Hector and Achilles throughout the epic war poem and helps to guide their decisions.
Written by Homer, The Iliad, portrays the life of Achilles, and how the Greek Hero allowed anger to overwhelm his decision making. Complications arise when anger leads to hate, pride, or suffering, and Achilles life illustrates the results of anger. Throughout the book anger slowly consumes Achilles and significantly changes results of the Trojan War. Causing him to act foolishly, Achilles’ anger brought harm upon many Greek people. Also, The Iliad teaches that anger caused a downfall to Achilles’ life.
With those words, Aias loses his recognition as a leader and warrior. Aias ultimately destroys the honor of his army when he demolishes the war spoils, which are owned by everyone. Moreover, he is seen as a traitor in the eyes of Agamemnon and Menelaos because of his attempt kill the commanders of the army. Under those circumstances, Aias loses his identity as great defender of the army, and his loss of his reputation triggers mental devastation for
I cannot but remember such things were that were most precious to me" (IV, iii, 221-223). In this part of the play, Macduff becomes more enraged because Macbeth has become so ruthless and selfish. Macbeth has begun to murder innocent people out of spite and hunger for power. Malcolm also sees this and tells Macduff to channel this rage and use it to fight Macbeth. This scene is very important to both their character trait because they feel more deeply than any other person in this play.
Their duplicity and subterfuge served to ignite the fire of revenge. I believe, Odysseus had no other recourse but to act in such a manner. Anything short of his actions would not have secured him the life he came to reclaim. After twenty years of being away from his home, and his beloved Penelope, Odysseus finally returned. He proceeded to purge the mansion and execute the evil doers.