Violence is a common and reoccurring pattern in Greek literature. Famous and honored Greek heroes all share a common characteristic: they are brutal and murderous. Within Homer’s The Iliad and The Odyssey these are the types of heros that attain kleos and honor. In Greek culture, the best way for a hero to get kleos and honor were through acts of violence. Achilleus attains kleos through his violent acts towards the last books of The Iliad. Because The Iliad takes place during the Trojan war, there are several scenes of blood and gore. After Patroklos’s death Achilleus becomes consumed with vengeance and, “is motivated by bloodlust, an appetite that powerfully underscores his άριοτείαι” (Neal 31). Achilleus’s anger incites his ruthless slaughter of several Trojans: Achilleus, gathering the fury upon him, sprang on the Trojans with a ghastly cry, and the first of them he killed was Iphiton...Great Achilleus struck him with the spear...in the middle of the head, and all the head broke into two pieces...Next, after him, facing Demoleon..., Achilleus stabbed him in the temple through the brazen sides of the helmet. And...the bronze spearhead driven on through smashed the bone apart, and the inward brain was all spattered forth. So he beat him down in his fury. Next he stabbed with a spear-stroke in the back Hippodamas as he fled away …show more content…
Both Achilleus and Odysseus reacted violently towards things that angered or offended them. Achilleus went on a rampage and did not show mercy to anyone on the battlefield following Patroklos’s death and, Odysseus killed everyone that had violated his honor during his absence. Both heroes were ruthless and their violence left the subsequent generations a clue about ancient Greek culture. Violence was important and without it, Achilleus and Odysseus would not have been considered as Greek
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Odyssey Violence Motifs Gonzalo Teijeiro Martin Write a paragraph on the motifs behind violence in the odyssey with a quote In the Odyssey, violence is a recurring motif that is used to depict the struggles of the characters as they navigate the challenges of their world. One of the most prominent examples of this is the violence that is inflicted upon Odysseus and his crew by the Cyclops Polyphemus. This violent encounter is a clear representation of the dangers that the characters must face on their journey, as well as the power of the gods to shape the fate of mortals. " But the Cyclops, with a wrenching scream, tore loose the top of a high mountain and flung it, and the rock came hurtling down with a thunderous crash" (The Odyssey, Book
Odysseus uses his powers as king quite unfairly. The Odyssey, written by Homer around 3,000 years ago is an epic poem about how Odysseus restores justice to Ithaca. As Odysseus returns home, he brings with him a style of fear, revenge, and brutal justice. Ithaca's fear of Odysseus’s style of justice is restored in two ways. The first reason is how fear is restored to Ithaca.
In the Odyssey, Odysseus displays a trait of being an epic hero by portraying how ethical he is. When he arrives at the palace of Alcinous in the land of the Phaeacians, Odysseus sees the queen and… “he throws himself at her feet” (summary book 7). In this moment he shows great respect and is very conscientious of the queen. Many people during this time would most likely not throw themselves at the queen’s feet, but he did because of his respect for her. Odysseus shows his great amount of ethical abilities in his personality through this action.
s are standards of behaviour that shape the way an individual behaves. They have been around for centuries, guiding people and their decisions. The book - The Odyssey, by Homer and translated by Robert Fitzgerald - shows many characters and their virtues. The Odyssey is about how Odysseus angers different Gods which results in his long escapade home after the Trojan War. Odysseus’ trials during his journey home help expand his values and those of his community.
The Odyssey by Homer is an exemplary story that teaches life lessons to those going on a journey for themselves. It illustrates how the challenges and obstacles one may face can help someone become a better leader. The Odyssey highlights one man, Odysseus, a man filled with excessive pride, experiencing the wrath of the god Poseidon. He expects to arrive at his home, Ithaca, safely to reunite with his wife, Penelope, but unfortunately faces many temptations and setbacks. Due to the challenges he faces, it prevents him from arriving home as early as he thought he would.
To Respect or to be a Kiss Up “Treat others the way you want to be treated. ” We’ve all heard that overused phrase growing up. The same goes for me as well, and to me, respect has been a huge part of my culture and many other Asian cultures. Respect is the root of what makes people who they are today. It shows that you admire them, that you care for them, or possibly even fear them.
What is the definition of a good person? The view of a good person changes as time goes on. However, the Odyssey is still the foundation of human morality. The Odyssey, created by Homer, is an ancient telling of a man named Odysseus and his journey home from the Trojan War. The morals found in the Odyssey show readers the benefit of being able to view situations from multiple points of view.
Epic poetry, known for its grand descriptions of glorious accomplishments, revolves around an honorable protagonist. As the hero faces adversity in his journey, he triumphs in fleeting moments of bravery. He often exhibits his physical strength to overcome his hardships, manifesting a story with a violent nature. In Homer’s The Odyssey, King Odysseus of Ithaca struggles to return to his loving wife and son after having fought in the Trojan War.
However, some characters in the epic display many great qualities. In The Odyssey by Homer, loyalty, courage, and trickery are displayed throughout the book in a positive manner, showing that they are the Greek’s cultural values. First, loyalty is shown as a cultural
Odysseus illustrates, “he knocked them dead like pups - their brains gushed out all over, soaked the floor - and ripping them limb from limb to fix his meal he bolted them down like a mountain-lion” (9.327-329) A “mountain-lion” is a predator which has no regard for the lives of species it sees as lesser than itself. The Cyclops sees humans as less than itself, “ripping them limb from limb.” At this point in the tale, the crew had not done anything to provoke the Cyclops. The brute kills them with no reason, meaning he enjoys killing, rather than doing it for revenge.
Hubris is one of the many themes that were brought up in the Iliad. Its definition is extreme pride and arrogance shown by a person that will bring downfall to that person or to others. The first time this theme is brought up is when Helen leaves with Paris. Agamemnon uses Helen as an excuse to rile up all the Greek kings. Agamemnon knew that if they beat Troy, then he would control a major passage of trade which would make him the undisputed ruler of all of Greece.
Homer’s epic poem, The Odyssey, chronicles the homeward bound voyage of the main character, King Odysseus of Ithaca. After Trojan War which lasted ten years, Odysseus sets foot on another adventure, which also spans ten years, to return to Ithaca. Odysseus is gone from his home for a total twenty years, but upon his arrival back to Ithaca, he finds that his title has been defended by his wife Penelope and his son Telemachus, who have been awaiting his return this entire time. Odysseus and Penelope are meant to be a model couple, so people often argue about which of the two is more admirable. To be admirable is to have faced a struggle with honor and dignity.
A major theme in the Odyssey is reciprocity: people getting what they deserve. Reciprocity is an important theme in the Odyssey because it explains why Odysseus’ journey was very long and treacherous. Eurylochus, Antinous, and Odysseus all suffered consequences due to poorly made actions. Each of them made the wrong decisions which lead to death and a long/adventurous journey. Eurylochus was the first to be killed by Odysseus and his men due to his actions.
Throughout the epic, violence is evident in the actions and the decision making of the characters in order to obtain peace. The battles and suicides throughout the story are prevalent and gruesome, while moments of peace are minor and fleeting. The characters, whether man or god, result to violence as a primary way to manage their problems. Aeneas is strong, heroic, and seems calm; however, he does not receive true peace and calmness until he has killed his enemy, Turnus, to end the battle and avenge his friend, Pallas. Nonetheless, Aeneas is a noble character who overcomes bad odds and embodies Roman ideals, including violence.
Honor is one of the major themes in The Iliad. However the concept of honor in The Iliad is not the same as our current understanding of honor. Honor plays a key role in how the characters in the Iliad act, why they make certain decisions, and why the events in the Iliad occur the way they do. Nowadays, we refer to honor as an idea or concept which is closely related to fame, respect, reputation etc.