The movement began among followers and supporters of Zwingli in Zurich, Switzerland. We can trace early Anabaptist thought back to 1523 the same year Zwingli articulated his Reformed theology by his sixty-seven conclusions. The motivation for the Anabaptists was the search for purely scriptural Christianity. They took an approach similar to that of Zwingli but went much further, attempting to establish all doctrine and practice from Scripture alone.
Education was not important in its own right, its value lay in the preparation it offered children for their lives as adults. Bobbitt along with other early-twentieth-century efficiency-oriented school reformers made the case that the curriculum ought to be differentiated into numerous programs, some academic and preparatory that is necessary for all learner to live a better social life in the society and others vocational and terminal, and schools should assign children to these specialized curricular tracks, on the basis of assessments of their intellectual abilities, which fore-told their ultimate destinies in life. Social Efficiency educators use two types of panning while making curricula: (1) they must predetermine the relation between cause and effect, action and reaction or stimulus and response, and (2) they must plan causes, actions, or stimuli that in a direct and predictable manner will lead to the desirable effect, reaction, or response. As a result, the changes that are planned during curriculum creation are only those which fit into a stimulus-response pattern and which can be observed to be directly behaviourally
A final argument for the why the recitation of the Pledge of Allegiance should be mandatory in school is because making all student across America recite the Pledge of Allegiance is not and should not be a forceful action. Instead, it is and should be a simple statement of patriotism (Kurlander). The Pledge of Allegiance was written in 1892 by a baptist minister and christian socialist by the name of Francis Bellamy. Bellamy’s pledge was published to commemorate the four hundredth anniversary of the discovery of the Americas by Christopher Columbus
Vitale. The case of Engel v. Vitale was brought up by a group of families from New Hyde park, New York, they were up against the voluntary prayer written by the state board to God, in other words, the study board wrote a Christian prayer up for public students who wants it. A group of parent under their leader Steven Engel(a jihadist) were not Christians and they believed this prayer contradicted their religion, they argued opening a public school with such prayer violates the clause of the first Amendment and the fourteenth amendment. At the end of this case, the court ruled government- written prayers may not be recited in public schools because it violates the first amendment. However these public school students were given a choice they were not forced to pray this prayer, moreover, this particular prayer was not sponsored by taxpayer’s money.
In 1962 A New York State law required public schools to open each day with the Pledge of Allegiance and a nondenominational prayer in which the students recognized their dependence upon God. The law allowed students to absent themselves from this activity if they found it objectionable. The parents upset with this requirement sued the school insisting that this required prayer was against the religion and belief of
Learning is student-centered. The idea of student-centered learning is not a new, modern idea. It is, however, a characteristic of the educational theory known as constructivism. Educational theorists such as Dewey, Malaguzzi, and Piaget all wrote about student passion and curiosity acting as the driver of curriculum, rather than the traditional idea of memorization and recall (Hung, Tan &Koh, 2006). Dewey’s belief was that the subject areas of curriculum should come from the social activities of the child, and should not be taught in isolation of each other.
Woodson believes that education should be widespread, and not pertained to one race, he believes blacks should not only be educated to what the white man wants, they should be educated on their history as well. Black people wouldn’t be forced to believe “he must be a good Negro and must learn to stay in a Negro’s place”. if education was fair, Negro’s would have a space in society and would have acquired the means and techniques necessary from school, such that when confronted with any situation, they will be able to overcome
The teaching of morality was believed to be as important in education as the teaching of arithmetic, and the Bible, from whence a Christian nation such as the United States perceived itself to be would learn its morals, was initially established as a fundamental part of the curriculum. In keeping with the Protestant norm of the era, which focused on religious individualism as the key to Christian faith, this teaching was “non-sectarian”, as students simply read the Bible without any more specific instruction, that it might be left to their own understanding and interpretation. As Vincent P. Lannie wrote in 1970, “the Scriptures—invariably the Protestant King James Version—embodied the precepts necessary to transform an impressionable and pliable child into a morally mature and Christian adult,” and “no committed Christian… questioned its salutary influence”. Catholics, whose faith was built on centuries of established doctrine and ritual in addition to scripture, disagreed with this belief, and with the use of the label “non-sectarian” for a curriculum that used a Protestant Bible as well as anti-Catholic literature taught by Protestant, sometimes anti-Catholic teachers (Lannie, 1970). In reality, when Protestants called public education “non-sectarian”,
This is so because of the New Testament’s concurrent warnings against worldliness and its exhortation to the Christian to have impact upon the world for the gospel. Concerning warnings about worldliness, consider these admonitions in Romans 12:2; 2 Corinthians 6:14, 17; Colossians 2:8; James 1:27; and 1 John 2:15. Nevertheless, the New Testament is full of counsel to the Christian to be involved in culture. Note the following verses: Matthew 5:13-16; 28:19, 20; John 17:15, 16; 2 Corinthians 5:20; and Colossians 4:5. All these texts put Christians in a quandary on how to avoid spiritual contamination and moral impurity while at the same time carrying out the commission Jesus has given.
Ethics according to the Merriam Webster dictionary are rules of behaviour based on ideas of what is morally good or bad. An individual’s code of ethics typically stems from their environment, the laws of their country, religion, household rules etc. I grew up in a Christian household, which consequently influences to a large extent my personal ethical codes. In Belize, for the most part we are influenced by Christianity; our laws are by and large based on the bible. Therefore in that respect, my ethical code while it may vary to some extent from the typical Christian is largely based on teaching from the bible.
The Northwest territory was slowly becoming a part of America. Many Americans already lived in the territory and the idea of a Northwest passage had not been forgotten. Annexing the Northwest territory would allow for America to expand. not only for people, but also for farms. Presidents like Thomas Jefferson strongly encouraged the expansion of agriculture.
Through this format of education, the absolute is coming into human consciousness. He strives to make the whole greater than the sum of its parts. There is an underlying frustration from both Addams and Dewey with the dualism of individual and society. Thus, Dewey’s curriculum is trying to impress on the student that everything is connected. Not only is the world connected, all the courses are connected.
Next, he talks about who helped create the system we use today, and what the goals are for the schools in 6 functions. Finally, he talked about how the schools teach students to perform certain tasks in the future, how mandatory schooling made students not think about what
The “Dress Code” is frequently a point of contention, frustration, and distraction in schools for students, parents, and faculty. This should not be the case. We hope the following guidelines will help you understand and commit to the overall attitude we desire. The Scriptures only touch on the issue of dress through principles.
The defense employed the common argument that the children were given a choice on whether they wished to partake in the prayer, therefore it cannot be proclaimed unconstitutional. In an 8-1, however, the Supreme Court determined that the school prayer was in direct contradiction with the Establishment Clause which was put in place to prevent government interference with religion. The reasoning behind the court’s decision was that education is mandatory in the United States for all children, and public schools must maintain a separation from any religion. This separation from religion does not include individuals praying on their own time in a public-school environment, and religion can be an academic subject if all religions are addressed without