The Trail of Tears was a massive transport of thousands of Native Americans across America. After the Indian removal act was issued in 1830 by president Andrew Jackson, the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee, and Seminole tribes were taken from their homelands and transported through territories in what many have called a death march. The government, on behalf of the new settlers ' cotton picking businesses, forced the travel of one hundred thousand Native Americans across the Mississippi River to a specially designated Indian territory for only the fear and close-mindedness of their people. The Native Americans were discriminated against by not only their new government, but also the people of their country and forced to undertake one of the most difficult journeys of their lives.
Many even died of starvation with lack of food on the long journey. This removal also split apart families and ruined close relationships among friends. Not only did the Indian Removal affect Indians physically, but it also developed mental issues with in the tribes that would last forever. These Indian’s tribes forever lived with the memories of their friends and family being killed and continued to remember all of the cruelty they were put through being forced off of their
While making this gruesome travel more than 4,000 Indians died from disease, starvation and treacherous conditions. This travel became known as the “trails of tears”. These Native Americans were not how white settlement described them. Many of the tribes adopted Euro-american practices and created their own communities with schools and churches, even developed their own languages and created bilingual newspapers.
Even the soldiers escorting them felt bad for them, but they had to follow orders. Native Americans had long lived in settlements stretching from Georgia to Mississippi. However, President Jackson and other political leaders wanted to open this land to settlement by American farmers. Under pressure from Jackson, Congress passed the Indian Removal Act. Congress then established Indian Territory (land in what is now Oklahoma) and planned to move Native Americans there.
This led to the Indian Removal Act and what the Cherokee call Trail of Tears. Over several years, Jackson seized millions of acres of Indian Lands making room for cotton plantations. The Removal Act signed in 1830, by President Jackson, was to guarantee the Indians would have land in the west but these promises were later broken. The Removal Act was
The numbers of dead far exceeded that of the Navajo Long Walk. The deportation and removal of the Native Americans became possible because of the 1830 Indian Removal Act and the official sanctioning of the removal. This freed up a lot of land and allowed it to be used for various industrial or agricultural
Could you imagine the government coming to your family 's property you have had for years and taking it and making everyone walk a 1000 miles? Well thats is what happened to the Native Americans. They were drove from there property beaten and killed. Then made them walk over a 1000 miles to their new place that was awful. There was no food or water or anything while the government took there land and made fun of them.
Around the 1800s, the United Stated government was trying to figure out a way to remove the Indian tribes such as the Seminole, Cherokee, Chickasaw, and Choctaw from the southeast. Many American settlers wanted to remove the Indians there because they sawDuring President Jackson 's term of office, he signed the Indian Removal Act on May 28, 1830. This Indian Removal Act, President Jackson let to grant unsettled lands west of the Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands within existing state borders. There were tribes that left their lands peacefully; however, many other Indian people refused to relocate. In the fall and winter of 1838 and 1839, one of the tribes known as Cherokees were forcibly moved west by the government.
4,000 Native American Cherokees died on the dreadful, around 1,000 mile journey to the Oklahoma territory. The United States forced them to move out west. But why wasn’t the U.S government justified to do this? There were two main reasons the Indian Removal Act was wrong.
But these voices would go unheard and under the order of the President the U.S Army began The Removal Act of the 5 Civilized tribes in the summer of 1838. Cherokee, Muscogee, Choctaw, Seminole and the Chickasaw Tribes, were taken from the homes, nothing in hand, no possessions, no food, just the clothes on their backs and was forced onto wagons and many were made to walk the 2,200 miles to The Mississippi River. With the land that was taken from them it was used for trade, slavery, and cotton growing since the weather that they were being moved from was
Between June and December of 1838, more than 15 thousand Cherokees were forced to depart their homes in the southern Appalachians and walk over a thousand miles to new Indian Territories. Approximately 4 to 8 thousand Cherokee Indians died on their journey of, the Trail Where They Cried. This removal became the most renowned, as if it was the poster board for all the wrong, the Removal Act of 1830 imposed. Although there were other walks that occurred by different tribes, the Cherokee 's was one of pure disaster. The Cherokee 's walk to their new homes was a genocide performed by the American government.
Burnett said it himself, “Murder is murder, and somebody must answer. Somebody must explain the streams of blood that flowed in the Indian country in the summer of 1838. Somebody must explain the 4000 silent graves that mark the trail of the Cherokees to their exile.” This event took place because American were searching for more land. The Cherokees were happy and healthy at their old homes, but once President Andrew signed the bill in 1830, making it the Indian Removal Act, the Indians had no control whatsoever and had to do what they were told.
The Cherokee had been living on the land far longer than the settlers had arrived. They built their own land and made a whole society. The Cherokee were healthy and they had all the buffalo they needed and they had herbs. Only a handful of the Cherokee leaders signed the treaty and the Supreme Court even said they could stay. It is wrong to push people out of their own home when they did nothing wrong.
Yet they strove past their limits of painful memories and death to honor and protect their past and future for their people by celebrating what little they had left. The Ponca tribe was one of the few tribes removed not because of white settlers, but because their land was going to be given to another tribe. Not only that, but the journey to the Indian Territory was a poorly thought out plan from the United States government. The Poncas had no good facilities to stay in when they arrived and they had to wait a full year before going to their new territory causing many to die from disease or hunger. They were treated unfairly by the United States; they had a treaty concerning their territory in Nebraska but the United States gave it to the Sioux tribe.
Imagine being forced to leave your home and travel about 1,200 miles on foot to a new place. You probably wouldn 't want to leave to go on a dangerous journey for no reason. Many Native Americans were forced to give up land east of the Mississippi River and migrate to preset day Oklahoma. Nearly 125,000 Native Americans lived on millions of acres of land in Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina, And Florida. President Andrew Jackson had over 20,000 Native Americans removed from their homeland.