In 1775, she decreed a Statue for the Administration of the Provinces of the Russian Empire, and this divided Russia into provinces and districts in accordance with population statistics. Each province was provided with administrative, political and judicial systems, as well as a governor who would act in place of the empress. Her decisions proved undeniably beneficial to the government by adding depth into its structure, and by the end of her reign, 50 provinces and nearly 500 districts had been established, the number of government officials had almost doubled, and spending on local governance had increased sixfold. A letter by a French diplomat, Baron de Breteuil, reveals that she “will endeavour to reform the administration of justice and to invigorate the laws”, thus reiterating her dissemination of Enlightened ideas and her consideration of reason and critical thinking in order to determine the most pragmatic approaches to bettering the Russian government. Furthermore, due to a deficiency of silver and copper coins from large government spending, she established the first Assignation Bank of Russia in 1769 in order to strengthen the Russian economy.
In her reign, many thought that she was not able to rule the country because she was a female, but she proved her abilities at the throne. Although most absolute monarchs are looked on as 'bad rulers', Catherine the Great initiated many improvements that helped Russia. She modernized Russia, and made it a great European power. She also launched ameliorations in agriculture and learning. Not to mention that she was the longest running female ruler in the history of Russia.
Sofia Kovalevskaya (also known as Sonia Kovalevsky) was not only a great mathematician, but also a writer and advocate of women's rights in the 19th century. She tried to get the best education available which began to open doors at universities to women. She was a part of ground-breaking work in mathematics made her male counterparts reconsider her as an important person in mathematics and that women could be a part of their world. Sofia Krukovsky Kovalevskaya was born in 1850.
The Red Cross was the utmost symbol of honor, and heightened Nightingale’s status in the health industry. Nursing in the nineteenth century was merely a joke. Every hospital in existence screamed disease in every crack and corner. Yet, when Nightingale was requested by the military to put together a team of her nurses for the Crimean war, death rates were quickly reduced from forty-two percent to two percent (Pulliam). Before Nightingale and her nurses, when people got sick they were typically left to die due to the fact that
Research Paper – Ruth St Denis There are many famous dancers and choreographers who have shaped modern dance and how it is performed nowadays. Ruth St Denis was without a doubt one of the most influential choreographers in the modern dance business and was the teacher of many successful dancers, who themselves reinvented modern dance and established new visions as well. One of her most notable impacts on modern dance was bringing ideas from eastern cultures into the western culture by incorporating them into her choreographies and performances. This research paper will explain how St Denis managed to influence how modern dance was performed and experienced with the observation of two of her dances.
She was very well-educated (fluent in six languages) and she is known for her intelligence, shrewdness and determination. Her 45-year reign is one of the most glorious. She lay down in the 39 Articles of 1563, a compromise between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism. She is criticized as autocratic and capricious but she was also appreciated for her astute political judgment and chose her ministers well. Arts flourished at her kingdom- the first performance of Shakespeare’s ‘A Midsummer Night’s Dream’ took place then.
Intelligent, ruthless, and sexually insatiable, are all main qualities in describing a powerful ruler in the world. Catherine The Great expressed all three of these qualities during her reign as an empress of Russia. Intelligence and ambitions led her to expand opportunity for the people in Russia.
This goes to show that rising to power, gaining full totalitarian power calls for the right conditions and according methods to be applied. When Hitler rose to power in Germany in 1933, it had been in preparation for 16 years, and had required a series of changes to be made within Germany. The years of crisis for the Weimar Republic as well as the crash of Wall Street in 1929, help explain the conditions that allowed Hitler to rise to power. The methods used include propaganda, promises, and scapegoating as well as the measures taken following the election in 1930. To begin with, in order to understand how Hitler was able to rise to power in Germany, it is important to analyze the circumstances that the country found itself in.
As empress of Russia, Catherine II who was very educated, made many reforms in favor of the views that Enlightenment thinkers had in mind throughout the course of their lifetimes. Catherine's proposal, "The Instruction," was widely spread in Europe and caused an uproar being that it called for a legal system far in advance of the times. It
Minnie had finally achieved what she had spent so much time fighting for but this accomplishment was great and it was a milestone for women in the state of teas but it wasn’t enough for Minnie she set her sights out for something bigger and better which was an amendment that would grant women throughout America the right to vote. In order to achieve this Minnie made arrangements with United States Senator from Texas Morris Sheppard in 1917 for a conference in his Washington, D.C. office for women to state their perspectives on the proposed suffrage amendment to the Constitution of the United States. Minnie and NAWSA lobbyist Maud Wood Park, who would become the first president of the League of Women Voters, initiated a campaign for constituents to flood the offices of their representatives with telegrams in favor of passage. The United States House of Representatives passed the first version of the Nineteenth Amendment on January 10, 1918, but it failed in the United States Senate.
Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis left a clear impact on America and the White House, advocating her historical outlook and continuing to do so after John F. Kennedy’s death Restoring the White House was one of Jackie’s first duties as First Lady. Along with Henry DuPont, she led a team that consisted of experts on painting, furniture, and books. Within two
She became the first woman telephone company owner and in 1953, she instituted the superior 4-digit dial service. This new system was the most modern of its day and heralded the arrival of 24 hour telephone service. Leila had set the company on the path to modernization which now has a significant economic impact on modern society. This great contribution in GDP played by Leila in this industrial age has become a driving force behind our country 's economic prosperity and recovery.
Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis, was the First Lady to President John F. Kennedy from 1961-1963 before his assassination. She inspired the world culturally and politically. Jackie Kennedy not only goes down in history for being a First Lady of the United States, but she was also a loyal wife, brave mother, fashion icon, successful editor, and a cultural inspiration. Before her marriage and time serving as First Lady to the United States, Jackie was very accomplished and grew up from a wealthy family.
Reforms can be beneficial or detrimental an emerging empire. During his reign, Peter the Great implemented many reforms that expedited the Europeanization of Europe. Many of these reforms were viewed as negative by society and many were against them. However, most of them did what was intended to help modernize Russia. With his newfound knowledge of city-building, he built the city of St. Petersburg, which Shaw 6 became the new capitol of Russia.