How Did Reconstruction Change The Social Structure Of The Northern And Southern States?

1262 Words6 Pages

Slavery was one of the most notorious institution that happened in the United States. Being prevalent in 1619 through 1865, during this time the Northern and Southern states were living two different lifestyles prior to the war. The Northern states’ objective was to expand industrialization further south, however the Southern states’ completely disagreed and wanted to remain rural and continue white supremacy. Owning slaves was a way of life for the Southern elites, they wanted to maintain black subordination. In 1865-1877 there was a period called Reconstruction that took place after the Civil War. The main purpose for Reconstruction was to “rebuild” the United States after the physical and economic devastation caused by the war. Due to the …show more content…

When the Radical Republican party wanted to give the same rights to African American, white supremacy immediately opposed it because of the fact that it would change how the social structure was organized. According to the Confederate States people of African descent were meant to be inferior and white superiority should ultimately continue in power. Equality enforced by the Radical Republicans would completely distort the ideology of white superiority. After the Civil War the 14th and 13th amendments were both ratified. The 14th amendment addresses protection and equal rights for all freedman, while the 13th amendment addresses the discontinuation of slavery. Due to the ratification of the amendments, many southern elites could not stand the fact that African Americans were freed. One solution that was developed was to destroy reconstruction by murdering Black Americans. The Ku Klux Klan was then formed, this group consisted of vindictive Confederate Army veterans. Sought out to be heros to many southern democrats, but a nightmare for African American families. The Ku Klux Klan terrorized many African American families, burned down churches, drove thousands of families out of their homes, and caused great mayhem. Fortunately, In 1871 congress passed a Force Bill giving the government power to prosecute the Ku Klux Klan. Later on the Freedmen’s Bureau was established, this agency helped plenty of African American families who were separated from one another to reunite. The Freedmen’s Bureau also helped former slaves education wise. Reading and writing was highly important to the government and the Freedmen's Bureau taught them as well.This gave many benefits to freedmen, however, the confederate states highly disapproved because they knew it would change the social structure. Education is what determines your social class and the Southern elites knew it would be a matter of time

Show More
Open Document