“The Kingdom of Matthias,” provides a powerful insight to the turbulent effects the religious revival known as the Second Great Awakening and the Market Revolution had on the individuals that lived through these events in the United States. Although both of these events were striving for a more perfect society were everyone had an equal and prosperous chance of living, some individuals were unhappy with such outcomes and sought to keep the traditional society that served the basis for American society. As a result, the clashing difference between the rural communities and the urban life became apparent in the accounts of Elijah Pierson and Robert Mathews as both men have difficulties in adapting to the societal structures, in terms of gender, …show more content…
He blamed his failed economic and commercial ventures on the system created by the Market Revolution and consequently, “there would be no market, no money, no buying or selling, no wage system with its insidious domination of one father over another, no economic oppression of any kind” in his kingdom as an attempt to strike out against the Market Revolution (96). Matthias further attacked this culture by moving his so called “kingdom” to the countryside to “[revive] the rural ways he had known in his youth” (106). This is further exacerbated as Matthias changed decorum that “stemmed…from his hatred of new-fangled, middle-class ways introduced by the market revolution” (109). Much of his hatred towards the revolution was due to his own failures at that instance and thus, Matthias’s Kingdom tried to “[echo] the rustic abundance of [his] half-remembered, half-idealized Coila,” where rural, traditional roots were most predominant (110). Those failures Matthias faced were a direct result of the drastic and surprising rise of the Market Revolution which displaced many men from rural communities to cities where they had to find a way to make a living as best they could. This makes it apparent that despite his vigorous recitation and belief in his Judaic principles of God, Matthias’s resentment for the Market Revolution was a fundamental event for the creation of his kingdom, in addition to the opposition of the dramatic societal change the were occurring in the United
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The Second Great Awakening and the Transcendentalism is a book written by Barry Hankins in 2014. The main idea that the book reflects is that the Second Great Awakening and the Transcendentalism reinforced Americans beliefs in the individual’s importance and support even as it helped to bring a sense of community to a highly nomadic masses. The Second Great Awakening movement transformed the American religion and society in a number of ways. While there was a large growth of the deism in New England. Church’s revolutionary fervor tended to alienate it from its constituency.
After reading the Journals of both Robert Robe and Mary Stuart Bailey I have a better understanding of daily life, common struggles, and attitudes during the 1850’s while traveling westward. Robert Robe’s journal begins in May of 1851 and continues into June. Mary’s Journal starts April 13, 1852 with the last entry on November 8th. These journals clearly highlight the stresses that were developed during there travels. The traveler’s attitudes changed circumstantially as the uncertainty of their future unfolded, depending on the day they could be admiring god’s beauty, determined on surviving, or mourning the loss of their previous life, family, and home (Text 386, 387).
The Antebellum Period that lasted roughly from 1825–1850 is an era known for its many reform movements and major transformations in American society. Prior to the popularity of reform movements in American society was the 1828 election in which Andrew Jackson became the seventh president. Jackson professed himself the “champion of the common man,” where the “common man” meant white men. Nevertheless, his presidency caused the development of a more popular mass democracy, or Jacksonian Democracy as it is commonly referred to. The westward expansion that occurred during Jackson’s presidency lead to a shift in America’s economical makeup from a mercantile/market economy to capitalism.
There were also steps to achieve religious conversion. This included a need to reach prostitutes, alcoholics, and atheists because of the growing need for religious conversion (Document B). This document, as well as most of the documents, reflects the impact of the Second Great Awakening. The Second Great Awakening refers to a period of religious revivals at occurred in the United States in the 1830s.
To those living in British America in the 1700’s, religion was a central fixture of everyday life. One’s denomination was intrinsically tied up in one’s ethnic and social identity, and local churches in the mid-Atlantic depended upon the participation and donations of their parishioners to survive. However, as the 18th century progressed, poorer farmers and ministers across the diverse sects of colonial America came to resent the domination of church life by the upper class. In a parallel development, a split had grown between the rationalists, who were typically wealthy, educated and influential men who represented the status quo, and the evangelicals, who disdained the impersonal pretention of the rationalists and promoted a spiritual and
In the 19th Century, “Antebellum” era America, citizens were witnessing America go through a radical metamorphosis. The country had gone from an agricultural empire to an industrial beast, seemingly overnight. To compensate for these great changes and difficulties, many idealists forged plethoras of reformation movements. One of these being, the Second Great Awakening. Two of the issues the Second Great Awakening brought light upon were Temperance (alcoholism), and the ever capsulating issue of racism.
The Market Revolution and the Second Great Awakening both dramatically shaped the individual stories of Elijah Pierson and Robert Matthews. When the Market Revolution brought Elijah from New Jersey to New York, his life was a lot different than what he was used to. Elijah had come from a town where everyone attended church and where social hierarchy was unproblematic. At a young age he learned that “God had placed men and women into families and social ranks, then governed their destinies according to his inscrutable Providence” (15). However, when he moved to New York, few people attended church and homelessness was seen all over the streets.
Alejandro Garcia Dr. Haas History 102 21 April 2016 The New America The Constitution of America clearly states in the first amendment that “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise”. As a result from this, throughout the 1790s until the 1830s many religious rose up and became known by the power of this amendment. This rise of different religious that really shook America and change the country forever is known as the Second Great Awakening. At the beginning of the American revolution the largest well known religious in America known at that time were the Congregationalist, who are related to the earlier people who came to America know as the Puritans, Anglicans as well those known
Literary analysis of “The sinners in the hands of an angry god” The great awakening was a religious revival that occurred in the 1730s and 1740s. It started in England and then gradually made its way over to the American colonies. During this time, many different preachers and religious speakers went around and gave speeches to the people. Jonathan Edwards was one of Americas most important and original philosophical theologians who also went around and gave speeches about God and hell.
Religion played an important role in each of the British colonies. Many Christian groups tried to enforce religious observance through the colony's government and the local town's rules. Some laws stated that everyone must attend a house of worship and pay taxes that helped fund the pay of ministers. Out of the thirteen colonies, only eight had official churches. In the colony, those who practice a different version of Christianity or a non- Christian faith were sometimes killed (www.facinghistory.org 1).
An intense religious movement called, The Great Awakening, occurred in the 1730’s and 1740’s. This movement started in Colonial America, which originally came from a town named Northampton located in Massachusetts. Two preachers whose name’s are, Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield both called Northampton home. Between these two men and their belief that the only thing that could save us humans, from the eternal fires of hell, was The Lord’s mercy. This had a massive affect on the colonists of America, due to there spiritual beliefs coming to end for the past century.
The industrialization of America had a monumental impact on the citizens. With change comes the upsides and the downsides, so there were critiques such as Henry George and Edward Bellamy. Also this was a time of change for woman, questions regarding ‘place’, purpose, and morality were too brought to light.
The men took their guns along, so did Buck, and kept them between their knees or stood them handy against the wall. The Shepherdsons done the same. It was pretty ornery preaching—all about brotherly love, and such-like tiresomeness; but everybody said it was a good sermon, and they all talked it over going home, and had such a powerful lot to say about faith and good works and free grace and preforeordestination, and I don’t know what all, that it did seem to me to be one of the roughest Sundays I had run across yet.” This text shows how society is corrupt, for multiple reasons. Not only are families who kill each other going to a sacred place together under a temporary cease-fire, they are also hearing a preacher speak about brotherly love and saying that it is a good sermon.
A Model of Christian Charity John Winthrop The name of the document/sermon being analyzed is “A Model of Christian Charity” by John Winthrop. It was written on board the ship Arbella on route to America/ The New World where they were to set up a colony. The colony of Massachusetts, a colony of puritans (1). An analysis of the sermon “A Model of Christian Charity” reveals to us how this piece of document was very important for creating and maintaining the Massachusetts colony and for the puritans.
The Pharisees, Sadducees, and Herodians were the principal political/religious groups who held authority and power over the Jews during the time of Jesus. Jesus repeatedly warned His disciples to beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, the Sadducees, and of the Herodians. In using the word “leaven”, Jesus is essentially warning His disciples to beware of the corrupted teachings and doctrines of these leadership groups. Despite the teachings and doctrines of the Pharisees and Sadducees being quite different, and the Herodians being more of a political party, these leadership groups were all united in opposing the claims of Jesus. This essay intends to expound upon what exactly the teachings and doctrines of these groups were.