In the time period from 600- 1450 C.E, at the beginning of the post classical era there was an increase in trade and major religions such as Christianity, Buddhism, and Islam began to spread through trading routes such as the silk roads. The silk roads made easier the spread of many ideas and goods such as weaponry across regions. As these religions spread they became the foundation of new empires and allowing a structure and keeping peace among the people. Over time trade became more and more important with merchants traveling long distances and selling luxury goods to the elites, and commerce on the Indian ocean allowed for an abundance of goods to be transported over a large distance by sea, thus new states and empires coming into greater …show more content…
From 600 to 1450 C.E the Mongol empire provided safe trade routes which allowed for interregional migration within new states and empires to occur, thus allowing for significant technological transfers. Around this time period the Mongols had conquered most of the Chinese and the Arab Empire, while also taking control over the silk roads. The Mongols offered relatively safe protection for travels on the silk roads, allowing for people to freely move between empires, and bring with them goods and technology that they would exchange with other travelers. With the Mongols now in control of the trade routes, they seeked for economic gain, and now they were able to tax the exchange of goods and technology thus accumulating more wealth, and increasing the direct contact and technological transfers between empires. With the Mongol empire expanding and taking control over new territories, they needed to gain wealth to support the military and the population, thus when they took control over the major trade routes they would …show more content…
In the Battle Of Talas around 751 C.E between the Tang dynasty China and the Islamic People. China had lost, and Islam was able to spread its religion through central Asia slowly taking over China, and the Turkic-Speaking people. The Arab empire wanted to capture profitable trade routes and wealthy agricultural regions, thus through conquest the Arab Empire was able to spread and transfer their religious beliefs of Islam. Now, China was slowly becoming under the rule of the Arab Empire and with the Chinese and the turkic speaking peoples they were exposed to the Arab Empire and their religion, even though Islam was not deliberately forced upon the Chinese and turkic people they were expected by the invaders to convert due to social pressure. The Islamic people only believed In Allah, and when the Arab empire conquered parts of China the people converted to Islam because the invaders expected them to convert, even though they didn't force it on the people, the Chinese people were under social pressure to convert. Also, the Turkic Speaking people became exposed to the new religion, and adopted Islam, they quickly became the third- largest group of people to spread Islam. Conquest allowed for new people to be exposed to new religions and ideas thus allowing for the
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The silk road which was maintained by the Mongol empire which was the largest overland empire in history. This means that it is easier to go from one place to the other now. Just like in document 5 it is mentioned how the roads to China were one of the safest. This is because the mongol empire had made the roads safer by adding additional security to prevent bandits from attacking the merchant. The revival of the Silk Road by the Mongols, who controlled such vast amounts of land, meant that goods from countries like Turkey made there way to China much easier and goods that entered the empire from Europe moved around within the empire quicker or vice versa.
Between the years of 1450 and 1650, there was a period of time referred to as the “Age of Exploration”, in which the Europeans began to master ocean travel and thus migrate into newly found regions. The era before this was known as the “Post Classical Era”, which consisted of many dominant civilizations, such as the Mongol Empire. The Mongols were able to create such an authoritative empire because of their excellent, dominating army that consisted of superb horsemen and archers. They were highly organized and mobile, allowing them to become the largest empire known to man, acquiring much land throughout Eurasia. Since the Mongols had such a dominant military, they were able to provide protection along the Silk Road, leading to an increase
The Mongols supported free trade of all kinds and as a result they not only lowered taxes and tolls but also used its military force for protecting the caravans which traveled and traded along the routes. In addition, they improved the roads along the routes allowing east of transportation of products from the south of China to the north. The Mongols also conquered areas of Russia which opened trade routes from China into Europe (Smith, n.d.). The Mongols also established systems of trade routes that were not limited to land but also included sea routes as well, allowing more exotic and rare items to flow and trade free throughout the regions. One of the most significant contributions of the Mongols was that they were the Empire to establish a paper money as their only currency when other countries were still utilizing metals and stones ((Unesco.org,
The Islam religion, believed by Muslims, has spread across the globe at rapid speeds. Muhammad ibn Abdullah started the religion. The religion began in Mecca. The religion was made known in 610 CE. The two major themes of the religion are “Allah is the one God” and the importance of charity.
However, by 1000 CE, the European political leaders were already improving and became politically more stable than before because of the Mongol exchange. The Mongols trade from the East to the West, global trade expanded sharply under the Mongol Empire. Exchanges during the Mongol era by the Christian missionaries, Italian merchants and European diplomats. Intellectual exchanges of art and knowledge were continuous. Historian Jack Weatherford stated in his book that “The Mongols made culture portable: it was not enough to merely exchange goods, because whole systems of knowledge had to also be transported in order to use many of the new products” For example, drugs were not profitable unless one knew its medical
The silk Road was one of the most biggest trading routes. The silk road had a big impact on how we make trades with people from all around the world. First and For most,The silk was a thing for a long time and it helped a lot of people get what they needed. The silk road lasted from the 2 century to the 4 century and over that time it was a trading route.
DBQ: The Mongols: How Barbaric were the “Barbarians”? Throughout history, the term “barbarian” has been used to refer to groups of “uncivilized” people with savage and evil qualities. What it essentially means is foreigners. A specific group of people called “barbaric” are the Mongols, a small tribe from central asian grasslands who during the 13th century, conquered much of the known world.
The Persians have trade wine too in which this is what the Mongols wanted them to do so they would make money. Additionally, the “silk industry also benefited” the conquest (Doc. 6). This opened up contacts to China and other places along the silk road. All the Mongols wanted was wealth so they had gone like a parasite getting all the money they could by going to other
Mongol armies tore through most of the ancient world throughout the 13th century. Pillaging and plundering every nation in their path, the Mongols left an impressive wake of destruction and death. The Mongols shook the world with the impact of their conquests, but not of their influence was negative. Overall the Mongols brought much needed change in politics and commerce to both China and the Middle East.
1.3. Disintegration of the Empire At the time of Chinggis Khaan’s death in 1227, the empire was divided among his four sons, with his third son Uguudei as a ruler. After Uguudei ascended the throne in 1229, he quickly resumed his father’s operations in Jin Dynasty, successfully conquering it in 1243. Under his rule, the Mongol Empire expansion reached its peak.
The Silk Road has greatly impacted World History. The Silk Road was mainly used for trade but it was also used for several other elements. Some aspects of the Road have changed a great bit; other aspects have not changed, or only changed little. Altogether the Silk Road is not the exact same thing people knew it as during the Han Dynasty, the Silk Road has left impacts in world history on trade, culture, and tolerance.
Trade with many countries caused the empire to spread their belief of Buddhism to expand. The goods that were trade were precious stone, spices, horses, copper, sugar cane, indigo, wheat, drugs, pearls, fruits, cotton, Ivory, Linen, and clothing. There are different routes for different places. The routes that were taken were called the Indus River, Ganges River, and Silk road mostly used for northern India. The impact that
The silk road started from China through Central China then to Mesopotamia and Europe. The silk road took up to 5,000 miles of territory. The silk road was also called the trans-eurasian road. The silk road has always been a key factor to China’s economy and trade because the silk road allowed the Chinese to trade with the Western civilisation. The silk road, was called the silk road because the Chinese would carry silk to the Western traders.
The route of the Silk Road became an important path for not only communication but, most importantly trade. The Silk Road significantly helped the mongols in many ways. The Mongol Empire destroyed many toll-gates and corruption along the Silk Road meaning that the trade route would become more convenient and safer than ever before. The Mongols encouraged trade, commerce and a strong standing