In the early 1900’s Russia entered a terminal crisis. Tens of thousands of soldiers were deserted, cities were affected by major food shortages, and the economy was breaking down, and the streets were filled with angry people. People desperately needed reform and this lead to the February Revolution. The Russians overthrew the previous ruling provisional government and the Soviet Union took control. Vladimir Lenin wrote a very intelligent manifesto to rally up the people to continue to revolt and keep the newly gained control of the government Vladimir wrote a very dramatic manifesto with the intention of encouraging the Russian people to fight back against the government they overthrew so they can maintain it.
However, Russia had many great famines and the weather also undoubtedly made it difficult to farm. Russia finally started to industrialize in 1928 once Stalin implemented his five year plans. He increased food production by forcing peasants into collectivization. This allowed some people to move to cities and work on producing machinery, steel, and oil. The massive industrialization and progress of Russia was even underestimated by Hitler during the Second World
As they stomp their way into town you hear screams and people trying to tell them to stop. Countless people trying to convince them to save the town and move onto the next. The army would not listen, they kept on torching homes and killing innocent people. Around 1260 A.D the Mongols and Genghis Khan were trying to bring China together to become unified with one leader and one country. When Genghis Khan did not succeed his grandson Kublai Khan started where he left off.
The killings were done to prevent any riots. When a Polish general asked for his soldiers back. But the USSR said on December 1941 that the officer had escaped. When the Nazis got this forest in 1943, and found the massive graves they immediately blamed the USSR. The next year, the Soviets took this forest back and said that the invading Nazi’s killed the officers.
Stalin arrested thousands of men (who ‘coincidentally’ opposed him), and imprisoned and executed them. Stalin also used his power to close arrest thousands of religious leaders, and close down nearly all churches, instead replacing them with icons of himself. He banned anything that painted him in a negative light, made himself be written in as a hero in textbooks, and generally forced children to learn that he was the
Robespierre was the one elected to lead the Paris delegation to the new national convention when the people was against the king Louis XVI. Then when the king tried to run away from his kingdom he was a traitor and put on trail and Robespierre argued for the execution of the king and encourage the crowd to rise up. In July 27, 1793 Robespierre was elected to be on the committee of public safety. He had to face pressure from both sides out and in , revolutionary government instituted the reign of terror in September. Within some months 300,00 suspected enemies of the revolution were arrested and 17,000 or more were executed mostly by guillotined Robespierre was able to eliminate many of his political opponents.
This success, though, came at the cost of human life, with millions dead from man-made famine and cheap labor in gulags. Stalin though little of the deaths, and focused on his competition. When war threats arrived in 1939, Stalin quickly ignored them, citing his non-aggression pact with Hitler to divide Poland and leave each other alone. When the attacks came, the army was unprepared and suffered horrible losses. Stalin had previously purged much of the military after many reports possible attacks, so the recovery process took time before the country could make a credible defense.
Lenin’s new government wanted to peacefully take Russia out of World War I, with no imperialism or capitalism involved. Russia had lost about one-third of its population (1.7 million soldiers) from World War I. Lenin, through the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, took Russia out of World War I due to the lives and resources the war caused Russia to lose. “‘Peace’, in Lenin’s usage, meant not only withdrawal from the imperialist war but also recognition that such withdrawal ‘is impossible...without the overthrow of capital’” (Fitzpatrick 51). Lenin wanted to get rid of capitalism and imperialism in Russia because of the unrest he knew it would cause, in order to create and preserve peace in
However, the Bolsheviks multiplied the amount of social classes in an effort to blur the lines between classes. This pretense within Russia defies the essence of communism. Not to mention, there was a clear hierarchy of people within Russian society. Social classes were apparent which defied communism, however, this would have been virtually communism and acceptable if the classes were practically unseparated. Russian social classes were not only discernable, but dramatic; classes were separated between a new privileged class, the soldier, known as a Red Army man, military workers, miscillanious workers, separated by skillset, and at the bottom were the former bourgeoise.
Even Lenin, who was gravely ill, was helpless to regain control from Stalin.After Lenin's death, in 1924, Stalin set out to destroy the old party leadership and take total control. At first, he had people removed from power through bureaucratic shuffling and denunciations. Many were exiled abroad to Europe and the Americas, including presumed Lenin successor Leon Trotsky. However, further paranoia set in and Stalin soon conducted a vast reign of terror, having people arrested in the night and put before spectacular show trials. Potential rivals were accused of aligning with capitalist nations, convicted of being "enemies of the people" and summarily executed.