In the early 1900’s Russia entered a terminal crisis. Tens of thousands of soldiers were deserted, cities were affected by major food shortages, and the economy was breaking down, and the streets were filled with angry people. People desperately needed reform and this lead to the February Revolution. The Russians overthrew the previous ruling provisional government and the Soviet Union took control. Vladimir Lenin wrote a very intelligent manifesto to rally up the people to continue to revolt and keep the newly gained control of the government Vladimir wrote a very dramatic manifesto with the intention of encouraging the Russian people to fight back against the government they overthrew so they can maintain it.
Russia finally started to industrialize in 1928 once Stalin implemented his five year plans. He increased food production by forcing peasants into collectivization. This allowed some people to move to cities and work on producing machinery, steel, and oil. The massive industrialization and progress of Russia was even underestimated by Hitler during the Second World
As they stomp their way into town you hear screams and people trying to tell them to stop. Countless people trying to convince them to save the town and move onto the next. The army would not listen, they kept on torching homes and killing innocent people. Around 1260 A.D the Mongols and Genghis Khan were trying to bring China together to become unified with one leader and one country. When Genghis Khan did not succeed his grandson Kublai Khan started where he left off.
The killings were done to prevent any riots. When a Polish general asked for his soldiers back. But the USSR said on December 1941 that the officer had escaped. When the Nazis got this forest in 1943, and found the massive graves they immediately blamed the USSR. The next year, the Soviets took this forest back and said that the invading Nazi’s killed the officers.
Robespierre was the one elected to lead the Paris delegation to the new national convention when the people was against the king Louis XVI. Then when the king tried to run away from his kingdom he was a traitor and put on trail and Robespierre argued for the execution of the king and encourage the crowd to rise up. In July 27, 1793 Robespierre was elected to be on the committee of public safety. He had to face pressure from both sides out and in , revolutionary government instituted the reign of terror in September. Within some months 300,00 suspected enemies of the revolution were arrested and 17,000 or more were executed mostly by guillotined Robespierre was able to eliminate many of his political opponents.
Stalin though little of the deaths, and focused on his competition. When war threats arrived in 1939, Stalin quickly ignored them, citing his non-aggression pact with Hitler to divide Poland and leave each other alone. When the attacks came, the army was unprepared and suffered horrible losses. Stalin had previously purged much of the military after many reports possible attacks, so the recovery process took time before the country could make a credible defense. The Red Army, Russia’s defense military, liberated many Eastern European countries well before any US threats.
Lenin’s new government wanted to peacefully take Russia out of World War I, with no imperialism or capitalism involved. Russia had lost about one-third of its population (1.7 million soldiers) from World War I. Lenin, through the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, took Russia out of World War I due to the lives and resources the war caused Russia to lose. “‘Peace’, in Lenin’s usage, meant not only withdrawal from the imperialist war but also recognition that such withdrawal ‘is impossible...without the overthrow of capital’” (Fitzpatrick 51). Lenin wanted to get rid of capitalism and imperialism in Russia because of the unrest he knew it would cause, in order to create and preserve peace in
This pretense within Russia defies the essence of communism. Not to mention, there was a clear hierarchy of people within Russian society. Social classes were apparent which defied communism, however, this would have been virtually communism and acceptable if the classes were practically unseparated. Russian social classes were not only discernable, but dramatic; classes were separated between a new privileged class, the soldier, known as a Red Army man, military workers, miscillanious workers, separated by skillset, and at the bottom were the former bourgeoise. These classes contradicted the idea of communism in Russia.
After Lenin's death, in 1924, Stalin set out to destroy the old party leadership and take total control. At first, he had people removed from power through bureaucratic shuffling and denunciations. Many were exiled abroad to Europe and the Americas, including presumed Lenin successor Leon Trotsky. However, further paranoia set in and Stalin soon conducted a vast reign of terror, having people arrested in the night and put before spectacular show trials. Potential rivals were accused of aligning with capitalist nations, convicted of being "enemies of the people" and summarily executed.
Before the Russian Revolution, Russia had many failures during the war that prevented them from reaching victory. Citizens started to question the tsar’s ability to solve the country’s internal problems. After the demand for the tsar to step down and the troops joined the protesters, Nicholas II abdicated the throne. The February Revolution began with the women protesting in the streets for food. During this time, the parliament consisted of upper class Russians.
Many innocents were killed during this period of time, and peasant uprisings became common. Nationalism was not worth the countless Russian deaths and the termination of an entire
Thus, killing the 5 Boston colonists on March 5, 1770. Captain Thomas Preston was tried separately from the other troops involved, after their request for a joint trial was denied. During his trial Captain Preston, denies giving the soldiers, orders to fire into the crowd. Having three witnesses complying with his statement, saying that he said no such thing, but this was counterattacked when four witnesses from the prosecution, deny the statement and saying that Captain Thomas Preston did give the order to shoot into the crowd. One of the four prosecution witnesses, Daniel Craig, gives an detailed description of the officer he heard give orders to fire into the
World War I altered the lives of millions of people in one way or another, even if they were not fighting on the front lines. The citizens of European countries involved in the war saw and felt the economic, social, and political repercussions of war. The war was started due to militarism, an entangled web of alliances, strong senses of nationalism, imperialism, and the assassination of the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand. In the early years of the war, the battles were glorified throughout most of Europe, while in the later years of the war, the people at home were tried of the negative effects of the war consuming their own lives; throughout Russia, however, there was a negative rhetoric from the beginning of the war. Europe was war-hungry
Post WWl, Russia was still not industrialized, suffering economically and politically and in no doubt in need of a leader after Lenin’s death. “His successor, Joseph Stalin, a ruthless dictator, seized power and turned Russia into a totalitarian state where the government controls all aspects of private and public life.” Stalin showed these traits by using methods of enforcement, state control of individuals and state control of society. The journey of Stalin begins now.