They can be justified because they led to a classless, united and mobilized society that worked towards building Communism in the Soviet Union. Even though Marx did not believe that Communism can exist in one country, Stalin was able to isolate USSR from the capitalistic world and create a self-sustaining economy that follows Marx’s doctrines in the Soviet Union. Despite the ethical complications with Stalin’s rule, his actions were crucial for the development of Communism in USSR. Stalinism is the base of many various forms of totalitarian regimes that appeared later in the 20th century. Joseph Stalin with his more than 30 years long rule in the Soviet Union, as he would be seen in the eyes of Karl Marx, was one of the first influential people who used philosophy not just to “interpret the world” but “to change
I am delighted that the interactive oral on Anton Chekhov's Cherry Orchard furthered my understanding of certain cultural and political aspects of the novel. The following aspects that became clearer to me are; the importance of Memory for particular characters like Madame Ranevsky and Gayef, the way the transition of time is depicted in the play, and the portrayal of the conflict between capitalism and socialism. Cherry Orchard explores the after-effects of the Emancipation reform, which altered the social, political and cultural norms of the Russian society, thereby leading to the formation of a new Feudal Russia. Due to this economic alteration, the past holds utmost importance in this novel. For some characters like Ranevsky and Gayef – the past is something to which they are chained to.
Many working class citizens turned to Communism since the principle of communism is to have everyone as equals and a classless society. The promise of being treated better than they were at this time was enough for the USSR citizens to stand behind Vladimir Lenin during the initial stages of Communist Revolution in Russia. The promise of equality was short lived when Lenin and future Communist
The events and overall plot in Animal Farm by George Orwell are a direct depiction of the events of the Russian Revolution of 1917. The similarities of the two present themselves in ways that help the reader draw connections between the novel and the revolution itself. Some similarities become evident through the actions of the characters which leads the reader to make connections between the book characters and the dominant individuals in the Russian Revolution. The similarities in the types of government represented also help the reader recognize similarities in the two. Both are similar however differences are evident too.
The U.S. used foreign aid, surrogate war, and brinkmanship to achieve their goals of democracy. In another way, USSR chose foreign aid, multinational alliances and propaganda to accomplish their ambition of communism. However, in fact, people tended to think the U.S used the most powerful strategies during the Cold War because the people nowadays are still fighting for the freedom in the Middle East. Yet, the Cold War hasn’t really ended, it is still remaining between the superpowers, but this time with different
The American people were willing to use arm forces if that meant stopping the spread of communism. Other than arm forces, the American people were willing to give economic and military aid to those countries who faced threats of communism (76). About 80 percent of American people favored the aid to stop communist aggression (76). The Cold War consensus had influenced foreign policy during that time.
The secret police also targeted “... Everyone accused of being an anti-Soviet element” (Budanovic 12). The Purges were not limited to only the enlightened and the minorities, common people who expressed displeasure with the government would also find themselves in a gulag. Stalin not only wanted his reign to go on unopposed, he wanted the people to think in the Soviet mindset, making the people easier to manipulate. This would also make it easier to weed out those he thought were against him, making the interrogations and killings easier to carry out.
During the 16th century, Sir Thomas More wrote Utopia, which explains his views of the perfect society. In Utopia, More outlines sly ways to overcome war, establish a better economy, and set high standards for human nature. Soon after, Niccoló Machiavelli wrote The Prince. Both books are written with senses of perfecting a society, but The Prince emphasizes the ways a prince should act to improve one’s principality. Machiavelli’s views are based on a constant improvement of the state.
His plan involved full government control over all businesses and resources to make sure there would be fair and equal distribution. Anyone who had opposed the reformation in place was either exiled, imprisoned or executed. Forcing collectivization eventually caused a crisis of widespread famine that was responsible for the death of millions. Cities were renamed to show off his glory, history books were changed to incorporate false or exaggerated claims of Stalin’s rise to power and life to make him seem more masterful to the youth of the nation. He was the focal point of most artwork, as well as literature, music, eventually he was incorporated into the Soviet national anthem.
Many believe that Napoleon represents Joseph Stalin (“Critical Essays The Russian Revolution”). Stalin was most known as taking control of Russia after the revolution and being a dictator over the Soviet Union. He also used his KGB agents to take out political rivals and spread fear throughout Russia and implemented Stalinism, which gave almost absolute power to the government and primarily himself (“Stalinism: Political Doctrine”). This Parallels to the actions of Napoleon and his pigs. Taking into account that Napoleon represents Stalin, and the fact that Stalin is considered a corrupt dictator, it is clear that Orwell was trying to create a character who represents a harsh tyrant only caring about protecting his
Russian Revolution In 1922, as a result of the Russian Revolution, a new political party emerged: the USSR or the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union was the world’s first communist state. Communism was a new political and economic model that was supposed to get rid of class distinction. From the beginning, communism opposed capitalism and capitalist countries like the United States. The Russian Revolution united the socialists against the capitalists, with the USSR, a communist country, siding with the socialists.
The government justified these actions by claiming that these countries were falling under a communist influence. In reality, the goal of these actions was to protect American businesses in these countries. This rationalization was used to prove to the public that the actions were necessary. In all of these instances, the overthrow of strong leaders by the United States caused many problems that are still being dealt with
President wilson was a early 20th century president who sought to reform american society for the better. His reform focus during his presidency ranged from economical reforms to labor laws. He used his position of power with reform in mind in turn making him successful in bringing about positive changes to american society. Wilson did things such as create the Federal Reserve Bank in hopes to help stabilize the economy. Wilson was also strong supporter of labor laws which made him popular in the eyes of the working class.
The Bolshevik Cause was needed to further the advancement of the people of Russia from socialism to communism. Shortly after the Civil War of and the Great War, it became imperative that Russia gain support from its people and other nations around the world in order to convert as many people as possible to communism. Using her novel, Mess-Mend (1923), Marietta Shaginian developed a piece of communist propaganda that would lure readers into believing that the communistic government of Russia was the “ideal” form of governing rule. Shaginian described capitalism through her American characters in her novel. Throughout the story, the reader was trying to solve the mystery of various crimes and murders that occur in America and the offences involving American characters outside of the United States.
The Soviet Union produced many revolutionary cultural transformations within its empire during its earlier years. From improving education, healthcare, agriculture, equality and many other things, the Soviet Union had a very positive on its citizens and was willing to spread their ideas to the world, especially to people who were oppressed by Western countries. One of the ways the Soviet Union spread its ideas was through the invitation of the top African American intellectuals from America during the 1930s-1970s. Intellectuals, like Langston Hughes, were invited to come to the Soviet Union to see how progressive the Soviet Union was, especially in terms of racial and economic equality. Hughes traveled through Russia and Central Asia and