Although Virgil’s composition of The Aeneid mirrors the works of Homer, stylistically and in its overarching narratives, Virgil’s culture is separated from Homer’s by over a millennium. The coupling of deadly violence and prestige in The Iliad and The Odyssey has had time to mature and expire, and Virgil uses this new flexibility to shift the definition of violence to one compatible with fresh Roman standards. Violence grows crueler, war more chaotic. Virgil’s evaluation of violence raises questions about the scope of violence in Rome and The Aeneid -- was deadly violence considered a necessary evil or universally regrettable? The gods seem to have the ultimate authority in beginning wars but they are fickle and nearsighted. Necessity and misfortune …show more content…
The intense hatred of Juno that razes Troy and punishes Aeneas’ crew for years is triggered simply by a bruised ego. Virgil explains Juno’s antagonism as a personal grudge, triggered by the judgement of the Trojan prince Paris that Venus surpassed Juno in beauty: “For deep within her mind lie stored the judgment / of Paris and the wrong done to her scorned / beauty, the breed she hated” (Virgil, The Aeneid, I.41-43). This same slight to her beauty is what leads her to soon ask Allecto to “let sudden quarrel spur / young men to want, demand, and seize the sword” (VII. 449-450), starting a successful campaign against Troy, Aeneas included. Although the will of the gods are beyond the reach of our protagonists, the epic’s conflict is still rooted in private problems -- it is Paris’ judgment of beauty which spirals out to the violence that eventually raises and topples civilizations. The suffering that litters The Aeneid is characterized as unfair and unjustifiable, the violence and the war set on the fickle whims of the gods and goddesses. Although Juno’s hatred could not have been avoided or calmed by Aeneas, her hatred is still painted as avoidable and uncertain in the sense that happenstance was the primary contributor rather than some inevitable
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Odyssey Violence Motifs Gonzalo Teijeiro Martin Write a paragraph on the motifs behind violence in the odyssey with a quote In the Odyssey, violence is a recurring motif that is used to depict the struggles of the characters as they navigate the challenges of their world. One of the most prominent examples of this is the violence that is inflicted upon Odysseus and his crew by the Cyclops Polyphemus. This violent encounter is a clear representation of the dangers that the characters must face on their journey, as well as the power of the gods to shape the fate of mortals. " But the Cyclops, with a wrenching scream, tore loose the top of a high mountain and flung it, and the rock came hurtling down with a thunderous crash" (The Odyssey, Book
In the book the Odyssey, people broke into Odysseus 's house and tried to get his wife to marry them. They used is belongings for themselves, they broke into his house, and they tried to take the throne from him before even knowing if he was dead or not. In my perspective their punishment we 're not too severe they deserved to be punished for their actions. They threatened his wife and try to force her to marry them. Considering all that the Wooers did whether it was stealing, breaking, or forcing others to do what they told them to they all deserved what they got.
Ta-Nehisi Coates, an author and journalist, once wrote “All I know is, the violence rose from the fear like smoke from a fire.” What Coates meant in this quote is that the more afraid somebody becomes the more they turn to violent behavior as they think that solving problems rationally would cause them greater pain than simple violence. As the protagonist in Homer’s epic The Odyssey Odysseus lives many years away from home, naturally growing more and more afraid of the world so his first response to danger becomes pure violence, sometimes necessary and at times unnecessary. Through Odysseus’s actions in The Odyssey the Greek ideal image of how a man should be is shown as he himself suffered little harm, ending up with his wife, son, and all
(5.321-327)” In the throes of such a powerful reckoning, our hero quivers. And rightly so. As the inclination to balance a scale can drive a man to murder, so too can it incite the scathing rage of a god and birth bedlam. So it is that we see revenge given two roles not five books into Homer’s grand poem, and surely its
My point is that, in short, the way that the odyssey displays violence is more poetic than it is gorey. I feel like this quote from when odysseus kills the cyclops fits in perfectly with what I have been explaining. “Nobody’s kiling me now by fraud and not by force.” and the next line “If you’re alone, and nobodys trying to overpower you now–look, it must be a plague sent here by mighty Zeus and there’s no escape from that.”
An act of violence that stood out to me would be in Book 9 with Cyclops Polyphemus. In this scene Odysseus and his men find the Cyclops’ home but he isn’t there. Once he returns he finds Odysseus and his men hiding. To keep the men locked in he placing a boulder over the opening of the cave. Odysseus tries to reason with him but he grabs two of Odysseus’ men and eats them.
“On wrongs swift vengeance awaits” (Pope). Agree or not, these wise words from Alexander Pope describe well what Homer’s The Odyssey is about. In this novel, characters often seek vengeance for things or people they have lost. This is shown through Poseidon’s actions to Odysseus and his men after they stab the Cyclop’s eye, Odysseus’s men being killed by Zeus after they eat Helios’s cattle and Odysseus killing all of the suitors once he returns to Ithaca.
ustice, fairness, and decency, abstract concepts that are innate in society and human nature. However, despite their near universal status in humanities mid, they often have different meanings for individuals. Aeschylus uses The Oresteia in order to explore these issues as characters in the play try to determine what it means to be just, what ought a just actor do, and what is the best model for achieving justice. The characters discuss ideas such as vengeance, reciprocity, balance, moderation, and finally the end result of the implied debate leads to a jury system. In this paper I will go over two of the several different interpretations of justice used in the Oresteia and compare and contrast them in order to demonstrate which is the best
Throughout the epic, violence is evident in the actions and the decision making of the characters in order to obtain peace. The battles and suicides throughout the story are prevalent and gruesome, while moments of peace are minor and fleeting. The characters, whether man or god, result to violence as a primary way to manage their problems. Aeneas is strong, heroic, and seems calm; however, he does not receive true peace and calmness until he has killed his enemy, Turnus, to end the battle and avenge his friend, Pallas. Nonetheless, Aeneas is a noble character who overcomes bad odds and embodies Roman ideals, including violence.
Homer’s Iliad is one of the earliest depictions of war ever written. At face value, the epic is the story of Achilles’ rage, beginning with his honor being insulted by Agamemnon and it continues with the death of his best friend, Patroclus. Yet, the Iliad showcases so much more. It illustrates two very different perceptions of war: one one hand glorious honor and victory, and on the other, the the jarring horror of death and destruction.
Juno proves love is power, but later love is abused through romance. In the beginning of Book II, Aeneas is very willing to discuss his past with Dido. Dido listens patiently to Aeneas, while he reveals his past. Aeneas even mentions a beautiful vision of his mother, “my gracious mother stood there before me; and across the night she gleamed with pure light, unmistaken goddess, as lovely and as tall as she appeared” (Virgil, Aeneid 2.795-298). Aeneas throughout Book III is still talking about his encounter with the Trojans.
The contrasting intent between the two poems are heightened within the description of the hero's’ shields. Aeneas’ shield portrays the glorious accomplishments that future Rome will achieve.(Mastin). His shield solely revolves around the future of Rome. But Achilles shield is more cynical, it depicts what was occuring during the Siege of Troy and seems to mostly display the detriment of war. (“Iliad”).Considering that The Aeneid is political propaganda, it should come as no surprise to the reader that Aeneas’ shield caters to the Roman delusion that their empire is
In the epic poem, the Iliad written by Homer, several characters taking part in the warfare between the Achaeans and the Trojans are portrayed as embodying the heroic code of courage, physical strength, leadership, arete of value of honour, and the acceptance of fate. The heroic code is illustrated by the actions of the Trojan prince, Hector and the Achaeans strongest warrior, Achilles. Both of these characters display the Greek’s image of a hero, and can also let the reader discern what the society admires, looks up to and aspires to in its heroes. There are also characters who fail to be heroic, such as the Trojan “vivid and beautiful” prince, Paris. These characters in the Iliad illustrate the qualities that Ancient Greek society values.
Revenge theme in the Iliad and the Odyssey The Iliad and the Odysseus are epic poems of Ancient Greek, which are defined as central works of Ancient Greek literature. The Iliad, sometimes referred to as “Song of Ilion” is about a war between two groups, which are the Achaeans and the Trojans. A reason for this war was that Paris, a prince of Troy had taken the most beautiful woman in world, which was a wife of Menelaus, the king of Sparta. Due to this steal, Menelaus decided to avenge and take Helen back.