The use of hydraulic fracking has been around since the 1940’s to extract small batches of natural gas. It was not until 2003 that the fracking process started extracting large quantities of natural gas and oil. Today, there is major controversy over the idea that hydraulic fracturing may or may not be harmful to the earth. One side says it is safe to use hydraulic fracking, others state that it is dangerous to society. Many people believe fracking is harmful to the environment because it pollutes the air and water and can possibly inject harmful chemicals in the earth.
For many years scientists have studied the effects of hydraulic fracturing on water sources. With much controversy they say that hydraulic fracking is “subject to both federal …show more content…
Oil companies construct “drilling wells with steel casings and cement barriers” to prevent the movement of gas and oil (“Not a Public Health Risk”). The steel is impermeable to the chemicals used in the fracking process. Cement barriers are a second layer of protection in case of human construction error and stop the chemicals from leaking if they were to ever leak. In an interview with Oil and Gas Attorney, Diana Dean, she was asked about the probability of the leakage of harmful chemicals like hydrochloric acid or methanol, she responded “ It is not likely but it is very possible due to human error in the building process of the wells” (Dean). The casings are assembled by man and have a ninety-nine percent success rate in preventing leaks. Although the majority of the wells are built successfully there is that one percent chance that a casing has not been put together properly. If both of the safety precautions are properly exercised it is almost impossible that there would be any harmful chemicals leaked into the …show more content…
Overtime-harmful chemicals leak into the surrounding soil and rocks (Squire 31). Though there is a ninety-nine percent chance that there are no leaks during fracking there is always the one percent chance that human error can cause leaks. Most of the time, that one-percent of error is caused by humans when the drill is assembled. When these chemicals leak they “can cause series damage to the surrounding ecosystems” (Squire 33). If hydrochloric acid were to leak into rivers or into soil it would essentially kill everything living near it. Preventing this is a major concern in protection our environment. Injecting chemicals in the earth can ultimately kill everything on
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
There are two sides to every argument and hydrofracturing is no different. Phelim McAleer, an investigative journalist and producer of FrackNation, uses logic to convince viewers that fracking does not pose environmental concerns. Josh Fox however, employs a multitude of logical fallacies as well as arguments based on emotions in an attempt to convince the audience that fracturing is bad for the environment. McAleer created his film to refute this opinion. Ultimately, Phelim McAleer’s documentary made a better argument than Josh Fox’s documentary.
Water contamination is one of the most well-known risks caused by hydrofracking, most likely because water is one of the key components of this process. “Each well uses between two and five million gallons of locally-sourced freshwater which will be permanently contaminated” by the toxic chemicals placed into the water during fracking (Fracking: The Dangers). Some of the water returns to earth’s surface and is stored above ground in steel casks. It is finally inserted deep into the ground into “waste wells” (Fracking: The Dangers). Unaccounted water that is not put into waste wells may stay underground; however, its chemicals can make their way into the water supply of the surrounding areas which causes contamination.
Why is fracking dangerous? During the fracking process natural gases are realized into the well where they are drilling often contaminating the nearby groundwater with methane gases and chemical toxins. After the fracking process the waste fluid is evaporated releasing volatile organic compounds causes acid rain, contaminated air, and ozone at
There are a multitude of events that could cause leak into a water well; even a small leak could cause illness and potentially death for miles around. One example of this occurred in 2011 in Texas; the flowback waste samples showed that the/re was 1.58 ppm (parts per million) of 1,2-Dichloroethane (Ethylene Dichloride). Ethylene Dichloride is a carcinogen and has a variety of other negative effects, in addition, the EPA maximum safety level for ethylene dichloride is 0.005 ppm, this shows that flowback waste was over 300 times the safe levels for ethylene dichloride (EPA Ethylene Dichloride, January, 2000). Another dangerous fluid in the fracking fluid is naphthalene, an aromatic hydrocarbon, which is toxic in a high levels as well as a mild carcinogen (EPA Naphthalene, January, 2000). Other toxins or dangerous chemicals are in fracking fluid are: 1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene (an aromatic hydrocarbon), aldehyde, heavy aromatic petroleum naphtha (a hydrocarbon-petroleum distillate), formaldehyde (a phenolic resin), quaternary ammonium
In addition, there are more downsides to fracking than just water pollution, and that is the pollution of our environment. The condition of our environment is horrendous when fracking is conducted. To add on to that statement, fracking has caused natural gas leakage into the air, marred landscapes, and many more hazards to our environment. Fracking has already caused pollution to the air, and fracking companies have to remove trees, then that takes away more air from our environment. Trees are vital to Earth’s supply of oxygen, and these companies are just taking the air straight out of the lungs of the people.
Drilling in Alaska “ In reality drilling is the slowest, dirtiest, and most expensive way to solve our energy crisis”-Lois Capps. This quote explains how there different ways to solve our problems and drilling is not the right way to solve this. In addition to costing a lot of money, it would also destroy animal habitats.
There are up to 600 dangerous chemicals are used in the technology for the sake of fracking fluid, including the known carcinogens and toxins such as lead, uranium, mercury, ethylene glycol, radium, methanol, hycdrochloric acid, formal dehyde, and so on.. Some of the new technologies are made when they mix a new form of chemical into the water just to make the oil fracking happen. The dangerous chemicals are mixed with the water before injecting it for the oil fracking purposes. Because of the water being mixed with the chemicals, the water became contiminated and there are some effects are made while flowing the water towards into the earth.
The technological advance of oil and natural gas extraction has advanced greatly in the last few decades. The method of propelling sand, chemicals, and water beneath the surface of the Earth in Shale rocks is known as hydraulic fracturing or fracking (Occupy Theory, 2014); while effective at extracting oil and natural gas, fracking remains a controversial method. Many factors such as water consumption and reduction of surface toxicity play major roles in the debate about the expansion of the fracking industry. With the high price of oil, new technologies were necessary for supply the energy demands and decrease prices. Fracking allows companies to access more oil and gas because they are able to horizontally drill through rocks thereby obtaining more product.
In Dimock Pennsylvania, Natural gas fracking caused a gas leak which caused many long term and short term impacts on the earth and town itself. Cleanup has been ongoing for over eight years, and it seems that the area may never return to its original condition. Even though it provides many jobs to unemployed people, natural gas fracking damages the environment, poses health problems, and damages manmade and natural infrastructures. According to Rafuse in “Don’t let extremists undermine fracking boom.” , “gas jobs have grown by 18 percent in the last five years, compared to just 4 percent for the rest of the economy.” Natural Gas fracking damages the environment in many ways, including contaminating water.
One of these groups that proclaim this has been the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. According to the Texas Tribune, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has reported that there is “no evidence that hydraulic fracturing has led to widespread, systemic impacts on the nation’s drinking water” (Malewitz). This report was published to calm the public’s concern over the possibility of water contamination. Christi Craddick, chairwomen of the Texas Land Commission, states that, “Texans have known for sixty-plus years that hydraulic fracturing, when well regulated, is not only safe but critical to unleashing America’s true oil and gas production potential” (Malewitz). Critics of this finding still have problems with this publication due to unanswered questions.
How bad is hydraulic fracturing? Is hydraulic fracturing or “fracking” as bad as everyone says it is? There is a lot of controversy over whether or not fracking is beneficial or not. I believe that fracking isn’t really bad at all from what I’ve learned. Fracking has as many benefits as it does cons.
People complain about pollution from factories, cars, global warming, and the melting of polar ice caps, yet many people disregard the dangerous that come with fracking. Fracking is the process of injecting liquid at high pressure into subterranean rocks, and/or boreholes to force open existing fissures and extract oil or gas. Fracking is causing an epidemic economically and environmentally. Fracking is continuously destroying the earth day by day. From the endless fracking today’s economy is depleting.
Hydraulic Fracturing or fracking has gained a lot of media attention in recent years with a Hollywood movie, “Promise Land”, focusing on the issue. One place where fracking has come up is in New Brunswick, where there is a large shale reservoir. In New Brunswick, as in other areas of North America where fracking is possible, there is heated debate on whether the investment would be made in this industry. One perspective is that of shale gas industry which promotes fracking as a method to collect shale gas. On the other side of the debate are environmental groups, who point to the harm fracking can cause to the environment.
Therefore, fracking will not continue because of its bad reputation. Fracking companies should also list the chemicals used in fracking fluids so that the contamination in water can be reversed. Linda Dong from dangersoffracking.com clearly explains that the underground water that is contaminated is permanent damage. Without knowing the chemicals in fracking fluids, better alternatives to harmful chemicals cannot be found. However, the fracking fluid that is left underground damages the environment that we live in.
Fracking is one of the best ways to get natural resources. “Fracking is a process of drilling down into the earth before a high-pressure water mixture is directed at the rock to release the gas inside” (Unknown). Adversaries of fracking will say that it is dangerous, use up our water supply, and poison our water supply, but that is not totally true, fracking will bring in more money, save money, and will make the air cleaner and safer. Fracking may seem unacceptable because of what people say about it, however, when they drill deep into the facts they will see that fracking is actually very beneficial. Fracking will bring in tons of money for all of the United States.