Influential Leaders of the Underground Railroad Throughout the mid 1800’s slavery was an action spread broadly across the south. The Underground Railroad arose in the early 1830’s, helping slaves escape to a new future under the influence and assistance of some major names: Harriet Tubman, William Still and Thomas Garrett. These three influential leaders took the problem of slavery into their own hands by conducting routs, traveling back and forth to help others, assisting serfs to escape while risking their lives for slaves, like them, to a future of freedom.
The United States Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands was established in 1865 by Congress to help free slaves and poor whites in the South in the aftermath of the U.S. Civil War (1861-65). At its high point, about 900 agents served the entire South. Bureau commissioner Oliver O. Howard used the Bureau’s small budget to give food to the poor and education/ legal help to freed-blacks. The Freedmen’s Bureau was important for acquiring schools in the South. Many African Americans in the south couldn’t read or write because of the previous laws against teaching
The Impact of Rosa Parks Rosa Parks was one of the most influential civil rights activist of her time, she will always have a lasting impact on the U.S society and he legacy will not be forgotten. The definition of a Revolutionary is as follows, “Someone or something that implements radical change within a society; one who steps away from what is ‘ordinary’; one who takes the steps towards change for something that they believe in.” Rosa Parks was more than that, she stands beyond the revolutionary title, Rosa Parks stood up for what she believed in and what she thought was right and helped shape America into what it is today. Rosa Parks was one of the many civil rights activists in the early 1950’s (History.com staff, 2010).
Sexual abuse of all black women by wealthy white men was just as prevalent during emancipation as it was during slavery. The sexual abuse the enslaved black women received by their wealthy white male masters, was justified by white men and women due to the Jezebel myth they had created. Deborah Gray White defines the Jezebel myth in her reading, “Jezebel and Mammy”, when she states, "[The Jezebel] did not lead men and children to God; piety was foreign to her. She saw no advantage in prudery, indeed domesticity paled in importance before matters of the flesh” (Gray White 29). The thought of the black woman as hypersexual, allowed white men and women of all classes to sexually and racially oppress the black women, declaring them "unladylike”, not maternal figures and not sexually pure like the white women.
The women’s rights movement finally began around the mid 1800s. This was also around the time black people were slaves. Eventually, after the civil war was over and slavery was made illegal, the Fourteenth Amendment was passed, which gave all men the right to vote. Many women were angered by this. Shortly after
The movements during and shortly after the Reconstruction Era focused on African Americans civil rights and integrating them into society successfully6. President Lincoln started the integration of African Americans by issuing the Emancipation Proclamation during the Civil War. The Emancipation Proclamation focused specifically on African Americans, and ignored the women’s civil rights movement, which was growing rapidly during the Civil War. Many people during the Reconstruction Era, such as Fredrick Douglass, viewed the issue of getting rights for newly freed slaves more important than getting females new rights. As a matter of fact, most court cases that were brought in front of courts during and shortly after the Reconstruction Era dealt
During the 1700s, slaves played a very important role on the plantation, from sowing the land to caring for the livestock. But when the war started, many enslaved African Americans saw the opportunity for freedom. Britain had long before abolished slavery, so British armies often encouraged slaves to escape and join as soldiers. It was a good offer for the slaves; freedom in return for the life of a soldier and treated equally and many took the chance. Many slaves received their freedom without a formal emancipation.
Steinem also helped found the National Women’s Political Caucus. This is a group that continues in its efforts to “...advance the numbers of pro-equality women in elected and appointed office at a national and state
Harriet Tubman was a woman who had escaped slavery and would help hundreds of enslaved Africans run away. She had escaped in 1849, and would become one of the most famous and celebrated people from the Underground Railroad. She had came back 15 times and during this she had helped in the escaping of hundreds of fugitive slaves. Fredrick Douglass was an enslaved African American who escaped slavery and became a leader of the abolition movement. Douglass wrote two novels which would become bestsellers and this would really help in the abolition movement.
Susan Was inspired to fight for women’s rights at a young age. She developed a strong moral compass in her early life. She spent a lot of her time protesting slavery with her family. Her house was also the meeting place of well known abolitionists, such as Frederick Douglass, who fought against slavery. At a convention she was forbidden to speak because she was a woman.
Ida B. Wells was a daughter born into slavery, in Holly Springs, Mississippi, on July 16, 1862. She grew up to become an active journalist and led an anti-lynching crusade around the 1890s. She was an important woman towards the society we have today. Living as African Americans in Mississippi, life was hard for the Wells family as they had to face discrimination and prejudice. Her father helped start Shaw University; it was from here that Ida got her early education.
Susan Brownell Anthony once said “ The Older I get , the greatest power I seem to have to help the world; I s am a snowball - the further I am rolled the more I gain”(Stalcup 4).Susan Anthony- women rights leader. She fought for what she thought was right. She did her best and got what she wanted which was to given women the right to vote.
Shirley Anita St. Hill Chisholm was born on November 30, 1924 in Brooklyn, New York. As a young girl, she went to public schools, but for college she attended Brooklyn College and graduated in 1946 cum laude with a Bachelor in sociology. Not only was she giving her time to further her career, Shirley had an interests in helping children. In 1946-1953, she dedicated those years to being a nursery teacher and performed her duties in a daycare. From there, she received her Masters at Columbia University in early childhood education in 1956.
Did you know that Abigail Adams concerned about women's rights? She once said to her husband, John Adams ”Remember the ladies”. She was also a vital confidant and advisor to her husband John Adams. She opposed slavery and supported women's education. She helped woman’s rights become like they are today.
I nominate Jane Addams to receive the humanitarian award based on her teaching, environmental justice, community building, and child advocacy. September 1889, she bought a run-down mansion, named Hull-House, in Chicago to house her experimental effort to aid in the solution of social and industrial problems within a city. Hull-house contained many life changing opportunities for men, women, children, and immigrants; including English classes, medical services, and lectures. Addams became a nationally known social critic and a powerful advocate of the poor. Addams also addressed the issues of women’s suffrage, an eight-hour workday, and abolition of child