Social Darwinism itself is the ideology of Herbert Spencer. Spencer was another historian that justified imperialism. He believed in survival of the fittest. In order to survive America had to keep conquering and gaining territory, money, power and resources so that she could be the fittest. Spencer was known as the revolutionist of society.
This piece of political philosophy provided many explanations for the people’s rights and obligations to overthrow a corrupt government. Specifically, Locke’s ideas from his Two Treatises of Government heavily influenced Thomas Jefferson’s rationale for the propriety of America’s separation from England by expressing a great deal in the right to change the government, human rights trust and strong legislative.
However if the ruler did not comply with the needs of the people, Locke believed that the public had the justified right to rebel. Ultimately, Locke had a great influence in the American Constitution with the message within his philosophies on human rights and government. Baron de Montesquieu's • Montesquieu’s introduced the separation of
The belief in social darwinism and how it could help the less civilized citizens in America. And lastly the desire for a new frontier to settle in order to maintain America’s identity and prosperity. All three of the examples: economically, politically/military, and culturally can simply explain why and how America became an imperialist nation in the late
Joseph Chamberlain projected this view for the British empire, in which the welfare of Britain depended upon the preservation of the empire. “I am convinced that it is a necessity as well as a duty for us to uphold the dominion and empire which we now possess.” Early 1900s saw daily life saturated with imperial themes and messages and imperial rhetoric became increasingly central within political discourse. Ideas of the ‘civilizing mission’ which would elevate these territories to a higher standard, a western standard, were based upon the ideas of ‘social Darwinism’. The doctrine of the survival of the fittest from Charles Darwin’s evolutionary thesis was applied to human society and therefore fitness was synonymous for white skin. Thus almost every relationship between colonizers and the colonized
Following the end of the Industrialist Era and the emergence of countless technological advancements, the United States entered the world stage. The United States was attempting to create an empire by expanding to land outside of its own borders in order to benefit the country’s economic interests. Many citizens, whose views were greatly influenced by their understandings of national identity, saw this overseas expansion in conflicting ways. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, these groups differed in their opinions on the idea of expansion due to either their wanting to remain a democratic country built on the ideals of freedom and liberty to preserve their sense of national identity, or their wanting to expand for economic reasons and nationalism. Imperialism, which is the extension of a country’s power and influence through expansion, began as early as the 17th century, when Britain colonized the New World in order to expand economically and gain natural resources for manufacturing.
Anthony III Lewandowski (2013) pointed out that independence brings success like, “free trade with all nations, not just great Britain” (P.20). Economics innovation was an important factor Paine supports because he believed under the monarchy there will not be prosperity. He saw no point being stuck to one nation without the liberty of producing commerce with the entire world. The Author of Thomas Paine: Author of American Independence (2013) argues that there was a correlation between Paine’s vision about democracy and economy which says” Monarchies were more likely to go to war” (P.20). Pain was certain that monarchies were more liable to create warfare and mislead the economy.
Washington explained how morality cannot be achieved without religion. He said that “ religion and morality are essential pillars of the new republic.” He believed that morality is the key to electing popular candidates running for government and that if religion is not emphasized in the union, morality is hard to attain and thus government becomes corrupt. Washington argues that the American Government needs to ensure that “the diffusion of knowledge” throughout United States is a primary goal. Government enforces the opinion of the people and as a result people should be informed and
The concept of “virtue” derived from the the people looking back at the history of liberty in England and the ways of government influenced by the Roman heritage. The american people understood virtue as the way of life that would be instrumental to launch their new republic. The american people believed that now that they were free from the tyranny of great britain . The american people would need to be a nation with a strong foundation, strong core values to guarantee them the best chance of keeping their independence. A state that is virtuous would need a fundamental change in colonial America’s culture, a change different from a corrupt British society as well as away from Brittan’s established religion Revolutionary Americans were
How people act and what they believe in will lead to different approaches and opinions on how the government should function. This can be seen in the distinctions between how Madison and Jefferson viewed administrative policies. Madison was an institutionalist; he stressed the importance of establishing a centralized and representative government. In Federalist 10, he labeled the United States a republic over a democracy and highlights the necessity of government institutions by writing, “Extend the sphere, and you take in a greater variety of parties and interests; you make less probable that a majority of the whole will have a common motive to invade the rights of other citizens”. Madison believed institutions were extremely important in providing for the population.