The flying shuttle was able to help workers produce faster by the spinner being faster. Soon after that invention, James Hargreaves created the spinning jenny in 1768. This machine allowed the workers to operate several spindles at a time. As time progressed, inventions continued to be made such as the spinning mule that was created in 1779 by Samuel Crompton. This invention was powered by human and later powered by animals and water.
The Industrial Revolution, which took place from the 18th-19th centuries rural societies in Europe and America became industrial and urban. Before the Industrial Revolution manufacturing was often done in people’s homes, using hand tools or simple machines. Industrialization created a shift to powered machines, factories and mass production. The iron and textile industries, along with the steam engine, played certain roles in the Industrial Revolution, which also saw improved ways of transportation, communication and banking. While industrialization brought about an increased volume and variety of manufactured items and an improved standard of living for some, it also resulted in often bad employment and living conditions for the poor.
The Haymarket Affair grew indirectly from out of prolonged agitation for an eight hour day. The Homestead Strike of 1892 and the Pullman Strike of 1894 stalled the emerging industrial union movement. The IWW was designed as a big union with workers of both skilled and unskilled workers and their goal of ultimate destruction of government and its replacement by one big union. Before typewriters and telephones women had worked in unsafe and unsanitary working conditions. Due to industrialization many women were able to leave their homes and work independently.
Although there might be some evidence that Capitalism helped improve the lives of the British people from 1760-1880, it mostly caused them hardship and pain. During the industrial revolution, the idea of capitalism began to expand across Britain and several job opportunities became available for the working class. They saw this an opportunity for a better life, higher wages, a better system than what they had working at the farms. What they did not realize was that this system alongside the industrial revolution brought child labor in factories, bad working conditions, and creativity-killing jobs which only made life worse for the British people. During the industrial revolution, factories were being built which meant that the job opportunities
There were hundreds of inventions during the time, but a few of the important ones were the cotton gin, the steam engine, and the spinning jenny. The cotton gin, invented by Eli Whitney, made farmer’s jobs easier in the Industrial Age. The invention made cotton a more profitable crop for farmers. Eventually cotton became farmers main crop. Since it was the main crop for many farmers it increased the cotton plantations.
They were the ones to suffer the blow. Wages for those who labored in factories were low and working conditions could be dangerous and monotonous. Unskilled workers had little job security and were easily replaceable. Children were part of the labor force and often worked long hours and were used for such highly hazardous tasks as cleaning the machinery. In the early 1860s, an estimated one-fifth of the workers in Britain’s textile industry were younger than 15.
Parents sent their kids to work in factories at a young age in order to bring money home to support the family, these children were exposed to extreme conditions and were often employed more than their older counterounts due to the low wages that were paid to children, they also had the same long working hours leaving ample time for anything other than sleeping and no education. Children were also beaten in the event that they weren't
One of the most amazing machines that was created during the Industrial Revolution is The Spinning Jenny. It was made because of Blackburn Greys, That was a linen cloth that was usually shipped to London. When people started to love them, they had trouble keeping up with the demand. So they made the Flying Shuttle, It made them twice as fast as before. Then, again they could supply the demand, they had to keep trying to make them faster.
During the early 19th century, new advances in industry, marketing, and manufacturing, such as interchangeable parts, put industry out of the house, and workshops. Shops and factories began to expand throughout the U.S. Although, the industrial revolution began in England, the 18th century inventors came up with ways to generate power with steam engines, and mass amounts of coal. Before the revolution hit America, the primary source of income was trade with European countries, not industry, or manufacturing. When farms, and plantations produced mass goods like tobacco, wheat, and other grains.
but as society grew at a rapid pace between the 1900 to present day things had to change. Society needed to develop a better more efficient way of getting about of producing essentials/products and they had to do so at a rate that satisfied consumer demand, people needed to get places faster and they needed to travel further in a shorter space of time. As a result in 1908 the Model T car was the first car that was made available to the masses and was created by Henry Ford. Henry Ford use of Weber’s rationalization helped produce the assembly line. The same thing can be said for hands crafts such as clothing and furniture, instead of individuals creating singular products, products needed to be mass produced thus requiring the increased demand for bigger and better factories, it is about supply and demand.
Many new immigrants from places in southern and eastern Europe such as Italy, Greece and Russia settled in Northern cities and became the backbone of industrial labor. Due to a lack of space in cities and the tendency of poverty among these immigrants, many of them had to live in tenements and slums. Since these immigrants were willing to settle for lower wages and worse conditions, they occupied many industrial jobs, frustrating the working class of whites and old immigrants. Along with the frustration that the immigrants were taking jobs away from natives, there was a widespread sentiment that these new immigrants were inferior. Furthermore, these new immigrants were religious but tended to be Catholic or Jewish as opposed to Protestant as was the majority, providing another basis of resentment.
People went on labor strikes because wanted better chances they wanted more wage and less hours and safe environments. The Homestead strike took place at Andrew Carnegie’s Homestead steel factory in Pennsylvania. Another Strike was the Pullman Strike which stopped traffic on many railroad lines until federal courts ordered the workers to return to their jobs. Many strikes have taken place for better quality and conditions in workplaces the Andrew carnegie strike was when union members there protested a plan to buy new machinery and cut jobs. Summary: Workers formed union and formed strikes because of the unsafe gear, equipment, low wages and high amount of