It’s important to remember our history as American women. The Women’s Reform Movement was crucial in the U.S. because it was a precursor to women being able to vote. Some of the key leaders were Susan B Anthony, Anna Howard Shaw, Carrie Chapman Catt, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Lucy Stone. They used various strategies such as lectures, pamphlets, lobbying for better education, women’s labor unions, speeches, and conventions. Speeches, particularly the one made by Susan B. Anthony, were influential in affecting the way people viewed the rights of women.
Friedan was an author, an activist, and the first president of the National Organization for Women. The National Organization for Women aimed to promote women 's ideas, eliminate discrimination, and protect the equal rights of women in all aspects of life. Friedan ignited the second wave of American feminism by writing The Feminine Mystique. Friedan 's audience would most likely be women who want their rights and are annoyed with the housewife role. In her article, "The Importance of Work," Friedan uses several means of persuasion and different types of rhetorical strategies to describe the change in human identity.
The Book Faces of Feminism, written in 1997 by activists Sheila Tobias, gives a perspective that feminists faces everyday challenges of equality versus differences, in genders and viewpoints. Tobias face many obstacles in creating a positive “platform” that woman could stand on during the second-wave feminism movement. Many activists worked constructively and ultimately fought for "role equity". They achieved accomplishments in legislation and judicial branch, which were eventually given congressional approval that secure equal protection of the laws to women. Moreover, during the second-wave feminism Sheila Tobias main objective was to end separate division between men and women.
This book also had positive and negative points. For example, a positive point is how women were trying to become independent, as well as gain their individual rights. “In a lengthy series of resolutions, Cady Stanton and the others called for an end to all discrimination based on sex. Cady Stanton’s appropriation of the Declaration of Independence was a brilliant propagandistic stroke.” (Banner 40-41) In the attempt of gaining their rights, Cady Stanton and other women gathered the strength to speak demand their suffrage. “She proposed that the Declaration of Sentiments demand suffrage for women.
Woman have been fighting for equality for a long time. We are still fighting to today to close the wage gap between men and women. The women's movement fought for their unalienable rights and the right to vote. The arguments of the women's movements were revolutionary. The arguments of the women's movements was revolutionary because they had taken an older document and modified it to fit the current time period.
Flamenbaum, D.Rohlinger, & J. Goodwin, I hope to examine their strategic choices for the development of the march using two conceptual tools. The first conceptual tool that will investigate the Millions Moms March strategic formation is how the movement made and pressed their claim. In pages’ xi-xxxii in their book Social Movements, Protest, and Contention, Volume 37: Strategies for Social Change, Maney et al. (2012) examine the role of strategies and the implementation into social movements. Dees, the founder of The Million Moms March pressed their claim and development by using emotions as a strategy to gain support and head way for the initial protest.
In relation to the previous discussion on Margaret Sanger, this chapter will explore the theories of Sanger who wrote in the period of first wave feminism in relation to Betty Friedan; a second wave feminist and women’s activist who, like Sanger chooses to focus on the constraints of female biology despite the difference in time. This direct comparison allows a critical analysis between the parallels and differences of the first two waves of feminism on the grounds of bodily autonomy; investigating further whether these two waves are connected on these grounds and how significant they are in the different time frames. Friedan positioned herself within society as one of the most influential figures to contribute to the development of feminism
Feminist scholarships are defined as sets of ideas for academic and intellectual orientation and interest towards women (Ngwainmbi, 2004). In general, women issues and problems are from oppressive, exclusionary, and discriminatory practices built into societal institutions. It is the knowledge where women issues and problems are identified through study, investigate and observe for those who are specialized and interest in this specific field. These scholar objectives are to produce knowledge contribution to women and also this knowledge is the bridge to find solutions to support women issues and problems. Hence, feminist scholarship is a framework that provides a platform for intellectual and academic for feminism studies.
In this article, we will be discussing how feminism is still needed as there is a lack of gender equality. Till this day there are still women that are not given the opportunity to be educated like men, females’ salaries are less than males’ salaries and women are treated as if their job is to serve men. Women and men should have equal rights because no one is more superior to the other gender. Sexism is still a struggle in our society that has to be tackled as it makes us as women feel unworthy and not capable of things that we can actually do. We are all human beings therefore we all have the same abilities as well as we all have goals we want to achieve but it is a struggle for women more than it is for men.