In early interrogations it was common for police officers to use physically abusive interrogation techniques such as the rubber hose to convince suspects to confess to a crime, whether they are innocent of guilty. Fred Inbau came up with a different technique that relied on presenting a large amount of fabricated or true evidence to get the suspect to confess. This technique was very effective in getting confessions, it has an 80% confession rate. Unfortunately, some of the confessions are false confessions, we do not know how many exactly. The first step of the Reid Technique, a similar coercive technique to the one Inbau devised, was to watch the suspect and determine whether or not he or she is lying during the interrogation based on behavioral analysis; which is severely flawed and does not actually help us determine if someone is lying.
In recent times there has been a major debate over whether law enforcement should be able to use jailhouse informants. The controversy sparked after the Orange County District Attorney’s Office and the Orange County Sheriff’s Department’s use of jailhouse informants was called into question. Many people feel that the use of informants in cases against those accused of various crimes is a violation of their Fifth and Sixth Amendment rights. In regards to this topic, The Fifth Amendment protects people from self-incrimination, meaning that those accused of a crime have a right to remain silent. The Sixth Amendment, ensures that anyone accused of a crime has the right to an attorney, if a defendant cannot afford an attorney one will be provided.
He continues by mentioning the names of suspects whom were killed by the police with a little bit of background information to make the audience feel anger towards the situations. Coates asks the questions; “Was Walter Scott’s malfunctioning third-brake light really worth a police encounter?... Do we really want people trained to fight crime dealing with someone who’s ceased taking medications?” Coates makes the claim that experts should handle the situations not only the police, as they are specially trained to handle a suicidal man or a mentally ill one. Coates questions the audience again on whether if sending the police to handle the situations that led to the death of the victims was the right call. Situations should be handled by experts in the field, and that the police are “only women and men who specialize
Wrongful convictions have plagued the world throughout history. When crimes are committed the public feels ascertain a way about the situation. Depending on the severity of the issues, the last thing the public wants is for the criminals to get away. The pressure intensifies to catch some one for the crime. The technology advancements alone have led to several cold cases freeing the wrongfully convicted.
Thesis: Police interrogations can occasionally lead to false confessions due to misclassification, coercion, and contamination. I. The phrase “Innocent until proven guilty” is a popular statement among law enforcement and government employees, but this statement is not always upheld, as various errors, such as misclassification, are a major cause of false confessions. A. Misclassification errors are caused by “investigator bias,” where the investigator goes into the interrogation believing the suspect is guilty. (Keene) B.
When Angel was arrested for this crime and taken in by police he knew little English. He struggled to talk to the police when he was being interrogated by them. After hours of interrogation Angel was asked to write a confession in Spanish that was later translated to English. In Angels original confession there was many flaws. A report from The National Registrations of Exonerations that was studying Angels’ case states that:’’Although, Angels confession had many mistakes.
Aside from the verdict from the Hinckley trial, the public’s view on the insanity defense is not altogether accurate. There’s a misconception that criminals who use this type of reasoning as a plea can evade punishment. When it comes to the use of the insanity defense, only about one percent of criminals use this type of justification. By using the insanity defense, the criminal is admitting they are guilty of the crime however they are requesting a not guilty verdict based on the state of mind they were in at the time of the crime. This can get tricky for a defendant because if not proven mentally ill, they will be found guilty and usually endure a harsher sentencing for the crime.
There are many cases where a cop are sued for using more force than necessary, sometimes on purpose and sometimes by accident. It can be hard to prosecute a cop for these actions due to the constant state of threat a cop’s life is at while doing their job and the unpredictability of their job. An example of an case where the police’s use of force were questioned was the Wardlaw v. Pickett case. In this case a man named, William C. Wardlaw decided to sue the United States Deputy Marshals, William Pickett and Albert Crew. Wardlaw claimed that the two violated his constitutional rights by using excessive force on him and falsing arresting and prosecuting him.
For example, by isolating and questioning a suspect, the interrogation is more stress inducing and creates anxiety and even despair in suspects. This can be done by isolating the suspect in a small private room. Then, through various techniques such as sustained pressure, manipulation, trickery, and deceit, interrogators will try and break down the suspect and get them to make a confession. The interrogation will often have an investigator confronting the suspect with accusations of their guilt, followed by the presentation of evidence, real or manufactured, and lastly, refuse to believe any alibis or denials provided (Kassin, Drizin, Grisso, Dudjonsson, Leo & Redlich, 2009). If the suspect does not confess, investigator will then offer sympathy or moral justification for the crime and possibly blame the
The five factors associated with wrongful convictions are as follows, adversarial process, eyewitness identification, forensic evidence misconduct/ error, interrogation and confessions, and informants/ jailhouse snitches. The adversarial process relies on the skills and resources of the defense and prosecution. Eyewitness identification includes evidence from a witness who has seen the event and can pick out a perpetrator. Forensic evidence misconduct/ error involves forensic evidence that has been collected poorly or handled wrong down the line and tampered. Interrogation and confessions have exonerated about 20% of the wrongful convictions cases, but with this can lead to false confessions.